Unit: Physical Science - Aeronautics
Grade Levels: 4-6
Connection To Curriculum: Science, Mathematics and Technology
Teacher Prep Time: 3 hours
Lesson Time Needed: 2 hours
Keywords: temperature, heat, air, gas, lift
Plastic bag ("dry cleaners" bag or 5-gallon trash bag)
Paper clips (used for weight)
Small pieces of paper or stickers (decorations)
One hair dryer per classroom (heat source)
Party balloons (helium filled) tied to string
The students construct a working model of a hot air balloon.
• Investigate how heat can change air.
• Observe that hot air rises.
• Construct a hot air balloon.
Bag Balloon Lesson
[81KB PDF file]
Lesson Activities and Sequence
Students work in groups to build working models of hot air balloons using plastic bags.
Keywords: heat, air, gases, lift
Science as Inquiry
• Understanding of scientific concepts.
• An appreciation of "how we know" what we know in science.
• Understanding of the nature of science.
• Skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world.
• The dispositions to use the skills, abilities and attitudes associated with science.
• Properties of objects and materials.
• Position and motion of objects.
• Properties and changes of properties in matter.
• Motions and forces.
Science and Technology
• Abilities to distinguish between natural objects and objects made by humans.
• Abilities of technological design.
• Understanding about science and technology.
History and Nature of Science
• Science as a human endeavor.
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, NCTM
• Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area and volume.
ISTE NETS and Performance Indicators for Students, ISTE
Creativity and Innovation
• Apply existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products or processes.
• Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
• Use models and simulations to explore complex systems and issues.
Communication and Collaboration
• Contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems.
Research and Information Fluency
• Plan strategies to guide inquiry.
• Locate, organize, analyze, evaluate, synthesize and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media.
• Evaluate and select information sources and digital tools based on the appropriateness to specific tasks.
Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision Making
• Identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation.
• Plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.
• Use multiple processes and diverse perspectives to explore alternative solutions.
Technology Operations and Concepts
• Understand and use technology systems.
• Select and use applications effectively and productively.
• Troubleshoot systems and applications.