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Lesson Title: Train Like an Astronaut
May 11, 2012

Unit: Life Science - The Body

Grade Levels: 4-6 and 7-9

Connection To Curriculum: Science, Mathematics, Physical Science

Teacher Prep Time: 1 hour

Lesson Time Needed: 4 hours

Complexity Moderate

Keywords: disorientation, vestibular system, muscles, bones, brain, space adaptation, exercise, pressure changes

Materials:

Walk-Back Mission
Educational Resources
• Base Station Walk-Back Mission Handout
• Base Station Walk-Back Mission Log
• Base Station Walk-Back Educator Guide
• Download the Videos
  Windows Media (WMV)
  closed and open captions
  QuickTime (MOV)
  closed open captions
• Mission Journal and pencil
• Optional equipment:
 • watch or stopwatch
 • heart rate monitor
 • pedometer
 • walking wheel

Crew Strength Training
Educational Resources
• Crew Strength Training Mission Handout
• Crew Strength Training Mission Log
• Crew Strength Training Educator Guide
• Download the Videos
  Windows Media (WMV)
  closed and open captions
  QuickTime (MOV)
  closed open captions
• Mission Journal and pencil
• Optional equipment:
 • watch or stopwatch
 • wall access
 • metronome

Do a Spacewalk
Educational Resources
• Do a Spacewalk! Mission Handout
• Do a Spacewalk! Mission Log
• Do a Spacewalk! Educator Guide
• Download the Videos
  Windows Media (WMV)
  closed and open captions
  QuickTime (MOV)
  closed open captions
• Mission Journal and pencil
• Tape measure or meter stick
• Optional equipment:
 • Watch or stopwatch

Jump for the Moon
Educational Resources
• Jump for the Moon Mission Handout
• Jump for the Moon Mission Log
• Jump for the Moon Educator Guide
• Download the Videos
  Windows Media (WMV)
  closed and open captions
  QuickTime (MOV)
  closed open captions
• Mission Journal and pencil
• Jump rope (one per student)
• Watch or stopwatch
• Optional equipment:
 • Heart rate monitor

Mission: Control!
Educational Resources
• Mission: Control! Mission Handout
• Mission: Control! Mission Log
• Mission: Control! Educator Guide
• Download the Videos
  Windows Media (WMV)
  closed and open captions
  QuickTime (MOV)
  closed open captions
• Mission Journal and pencil
• Practice:
 • Tennis ball (one per student)
 • Watch or stopwatch (one per student)
 • Game: gym ball or similar sized/weighted ball (at least one per group)
 
 

Description
This lesson is a physical and inquiry-based approach to human health and fitness on Earth and in space. Students can participate in physical activities modeled after the real-life physical requirements of humans traveling in space.

Objectives
Students will:

  • Set goals and challenge themselves, as well as other students, in the Fit Explorer Challenge.
  • Practice physical activities as they train like an astronaut with Mission Handouts.
  • Make observations on physical improvements, research fitness and exploration topics, and log their goals in a Mission Journal.
  • Engage in hands-on activities to learn about the science of physical activity and the science of nutrition.

First page of Train Like an Astronaut Lesson Guide

Lesson Guide
Train Like an Astronaut Lesson Guide
[324KB PDF file]

 

 

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Lesson Activities and Sequence

  1. Base Station Walk-Back
    Students will train to improve lung, heart and other muscle endurance as they walk a progressive, measured distance.
    Keywords: walking, endurance, exercise, conditioning

  2. Crew Strength Training
    Students will train to develop upper and lower body strength in their muscles and bones by performing body-weight squats and pushups.
    Keywords: body weight squats, push-ups, upper body strength, lower body strength, strength training

  3. Do a Spacewalk!
    Students will train to increase muscular strength and improve upper and lower body coordination by performing the "bear crawl" and the "crab walk."
    Keywords: bear crawl, crab walk, coordination, muscular strength

  4. Jump for the Moon
    Students will train to increase bone strength and to improve heart and other muscle endurance by performing jump training with a rope, both while stationary and moving.
    Keywords: bear crawl, crab walk, coordination, muscular strength

  5. Mission: Control!
    Students will train to improve balance and spatial awareness by performing throwing and catching techniques on one foot.
    Keywords: throwing and catching on one foot, balance, spatial awareness

National Standards:

National Science Education Standards, NSTA
Science as Inquiry
• Skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world.
Life Science Standards
• Characteristics of organisms.
• Organisms and environments.
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
• Personal health.

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, NCTM
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
• Generate and analyze patterns.
• Analyze patterns and relationships.
Measurement and Data
• Represent and interpret data.
Statistics and Probability
• Develop understanding of statistical variability.
• Summarize and describe distributions.

National Physical Education Standards
Standard 1: Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
Standard 2: Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
Standard 3: Participates regularly in physical activity.
Standard 4: Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.
Standard 5: Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.
Standard 6: Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social interaction.

National Health Education Standards, Second Edition (2006)
Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
• 1.5.1 Describe the relationship between healthy behaviors and personal health.
Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.
• 4.5.1. Demonstrate effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills to enhance health.
Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.
• 5.5.4 Predict the potential outcomes of each option when making a health-related decision.
• 5.5.6 Describe the outcomes of a health-related decision.
Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health. • 6.5.1 Set a personal health goal and track progress toward its achievement.
Standard 7: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.
• 7.5.2 Demonstrate a variety of healthy practices and behaviors to maintain or improve personal health.


 

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Page Last Updated: July 28th, 2013
Page Editor: NASA Administrator