The Scientific Method: An investigation of impact craters
How do scientists apply the scientific method to explore the formation of craters in our solar system?
This module is appropriate for video conference AND web conference presentation at Goddard Space Flight Center and Langley Research Center.
This interactive event provides students with an opportunity to apply their knowledge of the scientific method. They will investigate the factors that determine the appearance of impact craters and ejecta on surfaces found in space. Students will be guided to follow the scientific method and formulate a hypothesis about various aspects of projectiles that may strike a surface, causing impact craters and ejecta. Each step of the scientific method is explored and discussed as a visually demonstrated experiment unfolds.
* The student will (TSW) describe a personal experience in conducting a scientific experiment.
* TSW determine which steps of the scientific method were applied.
* TSW conduct background research on the topic of impact craters using different mediums.
* TSW hypothesize the results of an experiment.
* TSW peer share their hypotheses and provide supporting argument for their prediction.
* TSW assess and suggest alternative methods to performing the experiment.
* TSW formulate conclusions by analyzing the data.
* TSW compare their hypotheses to the results.
* TSW adapt or modify their hypothesis based upon their observation of the experiment.
The pre-assessment located in the lesson guide includes a series of questions to determine the students' prior knowledge of impact craters. Answers for the teacher are provided.
Pre-conference vocabulary activities are included for use before the DLN event. These worksheets may be printed off and completed by the students with answers provided for the teacher.
Teachers may print out or allow students to search for and view pictures of various impact craters found on Earth and throughout the solar system in a textbook or via the internet.
Possible discussion questions:
-Why are impact craters found on Earth not easily recognized?
-How could we describe an impactor?
-What are the characteristics of the craters we have seen in these pictures?
-What are the major differences between the Earth and the moon?
A post-assessment located in the lesson guide is included with a series of questions that help determine the students' new levels of understanding. An answer sheet for the teacher is provided.
Students may develop a research plan for evaluating a new impact crater that just occurred on our planet. The students will first design or illustrate an impact crater and then compose a report, using event vocabulary, describing the exterior and interior parts of that crater. They will also have to deduce the characteristics of an impactor that could have created this crater.
Unifying Concepts and Processes
* Systems, order, and organization
* Evidence, models, and explanation
* Change, constancy, and measurement
* Form and function
Science as Inquiry
* Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
* Understandings about scientific inquiry
* Properties of objects and materials
* Position, motions, and forces of objects
* Interactions of energy and matter
Earth and Space Science
* Properties of earth materials
* Objects in the sky