Lima, Peru, is featured in this image photographed from the International Space Station in March 2005. Located on the broad alluvial fan of the Rimac River, the city was established by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 and became an important colonial port linking the silver mines of the Altiplano of the high Andes to the east with the burgeoning Spanish empire. During the mid-twentieth century, there was a significant relocation of people from rural mountain communities into the Lima metropolitan area. This photograph depicts the wealthier San Isidro and Mira Flores quarters of Lima, which are characterized by parks, golf courses (such as the Lima Golf Course—approximately 1 kilometer long), and greenbelts interspersed with residential and commercial areas.
Image Credit: NASA