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Earth Observing Missions

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Earth-Observing Missions
11.03.04
 
ATMOSPHERE

Aura
The Aura satellite hosts a suite of scientific instruments designed to make the most comprehensive measurements ever undertaken of atmospheric trace gases.
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Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO)
CALIPSO will provide key measurements of aerosols -- particles suspended in the atmosphere -- and cloud properties needed to improve climate predictions.
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CloudSat
CloudSat will use advanced radar to "slice" through clouds to see their vertical structure, providing a completely new observational capability from space.
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Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)
OCO provides space-based observations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, the principal human-produced driver of climate change.
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Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT)
The QuikSCAT records sea-surface wind speed and direction data for global climate research and operational weather forecasting and storm warning
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SAGE-3 (Meteor)
SAGE-3, flying aboard a Russian Meteor satellite, studies aerosols -- particles suspended in the atmosphere -- and their role in climate change.
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SeaWinds (ADEOS-II)
SeaWinds measures the speed and direction of winds near the sea surface.
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GRAVITY

Challenging Mini-Satellite Payload for Geo-scientific Research and Applications program (CHAMP)
CHAMP will map the Earth's global gravity fields and their variations.
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Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)
GRACE will obtain global, high-resolution data on Earth's gravity field.
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ICE

Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat)
ICESat measures large ice sheets to determine if they're growing orshrinking, what effect that may have on global sea level and their role in climate change.
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LAND SURFACES AND SOIL STUDIES

Hydrosphere State Mission (HYDROS)
HYDROS will provide the first global views of Earth's changing soil moisture and land-surface freeze/thaw conditions to better understand the linkages between the Earth's water, energy and carbon cycles.
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LANDSAT 7
Landsat 7 provides digital images of the Earth's continental and coastal areas for land-use and other Earth science studies.
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Landsat Data Continuity Mission
LDCM, a data-purchase mission, will extend the Landsat record.
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New Millennium Program Earth Observing-1 (NMP EO-1)
The NMP EO-1 mission includes three advanced land imaging instruments and five revolutionary cross cutting spacecraft technologies.
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MULTIPLE AREAS

Aqua
Aqua will observe clouds, precipitation, atmospheric temperature and moisture content, terrestrial snow and sea ice to understand their role in Earth's climate and its variations.
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Terra
Formerly EOS AM-1, Terra is the flagship of NASA's Earth Observing System, collecting global data on the atmosphere, land, oceans, and their interactions.
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OCEANS

Aquarius
Aquarius will measure the salt concentration over the global sea surface to understand the processes that link the water cycle, the climate, and the ocean
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JASON-1
Jason monitors global ocean circulation to improve global climate predictions and monitor events such as El Nino.
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Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT)
The QuikSCAT records sea-surface wind speed and direction data for global climate research and operational weather forecasting and storm warning
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SeaWinds (ADEOS-II)
SeaWinds measures the speed and direction of winds near the sea surface.
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TOPEX/Poseidon
TOPEX/Poseidon monitors global ocean circulation to improve global climate predictions and monitor events such as El Nino.
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OZONE

TOMS-EP
Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS)-Earth Probe (EP) provides global measurements of ozone and its variation on a daily basis.
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Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS)
UARS carries out a systematic, comprehensive study of the upper atmosphere, focusing on the chemistry and dynamics of ozone.
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RAINFALL AND OTHER PRECIPITATION

Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)
GPM, an international mission, will observe precipitation around the globe.
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Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)
TRMM, a joint mission with Japan, measures tropical rainfall and the associated release of energy that helps to power the Earth's climate and weather systems.
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SOLAR RADATION AND CLIMATE

ACRIMSAT
ACRIMSAT will study the sun's radiation and its role in climate change.
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Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR)
DSCOVR, previously known as Triana, will make continuous observations of the entire sunlit side of Earth to observe how much of the Sun's energy the Earth absorbs, reflects and re-emits..
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Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS)
ERBS was part of the NASA's three-satellite Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE), which investigated how energy from the Sun is absorbed and re-emitted by the earth, and its role in climate change.
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Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE)
SORCE will measure the Sun's energy output and its effect on climate change.
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WEATHER SATELLITES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, L Series (GOES-L)
GOES-L provides weather imagery and other data to support weather forecasting, severe-storm tracking, and meteorological research.
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Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, I-M Series (GOES-M)
GOES-M provides weather imagery and other data to support weather forecasting, severe-storm tracking, and meteorological research.
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NOAA Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites, Series L (NOAA-L POESS)
NOAA-L POESS provides global observations for weather forecasting and meteorological research.
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NOAA Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites, Series M (NOAA-M POESS)
NOAA-M POESS provides global observations for weather forecasting and meteorological research.
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NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP)
NPP will extend key measurements for monitoring long-term climate trends and global biological productivity.
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SELECTED HISTORICAL MISSIONS

LAND SURFACE STUDIES

Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)
On its 11-day mission on STS-99 in February 2000, SRTM collected enough data to produce the most accurate three-dimensional map ever of sections of the Earth.
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