Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II) - 12.03.13
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Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II) is an ongoing study of the small forces (vibrations and accelerations) on the International Space Station (ISS) resulting from the operation of hardware, crew activities, dockings and maneuvering. Results generalize the types of vibrations affecting vibration-sensitive experiments. Investigators seek to better understand the vibration environment on the ISS.
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OpNom: SAMS IIFacility Manager(s)
ZIN Technologies Incorporated, Cleveland, OH, United States
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Sponsoring Organization
Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD)ISS Expedition Duration
March 2001 - September 2014Expeditions Assigned
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28,29/30,31/32,37/38,39/40,41/42,43/44Previous ISS Missions
SAMS, the precursor to SAMS-II flew on numerous shuttle flights since STS-40, including STS-107 (Columbia) which was lost in 2003. SAMS-II has been operating on ISS since Expedition 2.Availability
- Space Acceleration Measurement System-II (SAMS-II) measures accelerations caused by vehicle, crew and equipment disturbances. These vibratory/transient accelerations occur in the frequency range 0.01 to 300 Hertz.
- Vibrations exist on the space station for a variety of reasons: equipment operation, structural motion, crew movement, and thermal expansion are but a few.
- Multiple sensors measure accelerations electromechanically at various locations in the US Lab.
- SAMS-II measurements help investigators characterize accelerations that influence International Space Station (ISS) experiments. The acceleration data is available to researchers via the World Wide Web.
- The equipment is powered on when specific disturbances need to be analyzed and is controlled from the ground.
- The crew installs and removes sensor heads and cables to payloads.
- Crew occasionally complete filter cleaning and change out.
One of the major goals of the ISS is to provide a quiescent low-gravity environment to perform fundamental scientific research. However, small disturbances aboard the ISS impact the overall environment in which experiments are being performed. Such small disturbances need to be measured in order to assess their potential impact on the experiments. The Space Acceleration Measurement System - II (SAMS-II) is used on board the ISS to do just that.
SAMS-II measures accelerations caused by vehicle, crew, and experiment disturbances. SAMS-II measures the vibratory/transient accelerations, which occur in the frequency range of 0.01 - 400 Hz. The sensors measure the accelerations electronically and transmit the data to the Interim Control Unit (ICU) located in the EXPRESS Rack drawer. Data is collected from all the sensors and downlinked to the TeleScience Center at Glenn Research Center. The acceleration data is processed and made available to the microgravity scientific community at Principal Investigator Microgravity Services.
SAMS-II measures vibratory acceleration disturbances in microgravity and non-microgravity modes of ISS operations. Current data indicate that ISS is not meeting its microgravity mode design requirement, and that there is no clear reduction in these disturbances during crew sleep periods (DeLombard et al. 2005).
SAMS-II has collected over 3.4 terabytes of acceleration data, much of which have been processed and analyzed to characterize the reduced gravity environment on board the ISS in order to help science teams understand the ISS environment. SAMS-II, began to have some computer difficulties at the beginning of Expedition 12 (October 2005); the harddrive was replaced at the end of Expedition 14 (April 2007) and SAMS-II functions nominally on an as-needed basis.
Jules K, Hrovat K, Kelly EM, McPherson K, Reckart T, Grodsinsky C. International Space Station Increment-3 Microgravity Environment Summary Report. NASA Technical Memorandum; 2002.
Jules K, Hrovat K, Kelly EM, Reckart T. International Space Station Increment 6/8 Microgravity Environment Summary Report November 2002 to April 2004. NASA Technical Memorandum; 2006.
DeLombard R, Kelly EM, Jules K, Hrovat K, McPherson K. An Overview of the Microgravity Environment of the International Space Station Under Construction. 40th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV; 2002
Jules K, McPherson A, Hrovat K, Kelly EM.Initial Characterization of the Microgravity Environment of the International Space Station: Increments 2 Through 4. Acta Astronautica. 2004 Nov; 55(10): 855-887.
DeLombard R, Hrovat K, Kelly EM, McPherson K. Microgravity Environment on the International Space Station. 42nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV; 2004
Jules K, McPherson K, Hrovat K, Kelly EM, Reckart T. International Space Station Increment-2 Microgravity Environment Summary Report. NASA Technical Memorandum; 2002.
Jules K, Hrovat K, Kelly EM. International Space Station Increment-2 Quick Look Report. NASA Technical Memorandum; 2002.
McPherson K, Kelly EM, Keller J, Goto M. Acceleration Measurement Opportunities on the International Space Station. 59th International Astronautical Congress. Glasgow, Scotland; 2008
Zavalishin DA, Belyaev MY, Sazonov VV. Study of vibration microaccelerations onboard the International Space Station. Cosmic Research. 2013 July 19; 51(4): 261-269. DOI: 10.1134/S0010952513040096. [Original Russian Text © D.A. Zavalishin, M.Yu. Belyaev, V.V. Sazonov, 2013, published in Kosmicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 294–302.]
DeLombard R, Hrovat K, Kelly EM, Humphreys BT. Interpreting the International Space Station Microgravity Environment. 43rd Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV; 2005
McPherson K, Kelly EM, Keller J. Acceleration environment of the ISS. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
Ground Based Results Publications
DeLombard R. Disturbance of the microgravity environment by experiments. AIP Conference Proceedings: Space Technology and Applications International Forum, Albuquerque, NM; 2000 614-618.
NASA Image: ISS004E8406 - SAMS sensor head mounted near top of EXPRESS Rack 2 in U.S. Lab taken during Expedition 4.
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NASA Image: ISS008E11936 - SAMS-II in EXPRESS Rack 4 in U.S. Lab during Expedition 8.
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NASA Image: ISS007E06980 - Back-dropped by the blackness of space and Earth's horizon, an unmanned Progress supply vehicle approaches the ISS during Expedition 7. Inset image shows microgravity acceleration data provided by the SAMS-II hardware during a Progress docking with ISS.
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NASA Image: ISS027E009634 - Documentation of a Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS) sensor installed at location LAB1S1 in the Destiny U.S. Laboratory during Expedition 27.
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