Understanding the effects of gravity on plant life is essential in preparation for future interplanetary exploration. The ability to produce high energy, low mass food sources during space flight will enable the maintenance of crew health during long duration missions while having a reduced impact on resources necessary for long distance travel. Additional applications of a plant growth chamber include using plants as components of regenerative life support systems for travel to the Moon and Mars.Principal Investigator(s)
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)Sponsoring Organization
Information PendingResearch Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration:
June 2002 - September 2011Expeditions Assigned
5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,16,18,19/20,27/28Previous ISS Missions
Researches aimed at solving the problems of fundamental biology and problems of optimization of plants cultivation modes for future greenhouses as part of advanced space life support system.
Information PendingEarth Applications
Lada greenhouse consisting of: Control unit; Lighting unit; Leaf chamber; Root module; Water canister. Being a module-type system, the Lada greenhouse ensures maximum flexibility, its dimensions are decreased by four times as compared to the Svet similar greenhouse used on board the Mir OC.Operational Protocols
Mounting and preparation of equipment for experiment performance. Study of specific features of water-air mode of the Lada greenhouse vegetation vessel in space flight conditions. Study of plants cultivation technology (Mizuna lettuce, Micro-Tom dwarfish tomatoes, dwarfish (red) pea) as applied to standard greenhouse devices. Study of the impact of space flight factors on the growth and evolution of plants which can be potentially used in space vitamin greenhouses. Study of germination and viability of plants. Study of phenology of plant evolution. Study of reproductive property of plants and production of the second generation of space seeds. Study of chemical composition of plants and seeds grown in zero-g conditions to define the content of nitrocompounds in vegetable biomass. Determination of ethylene concentration in the ISS RS atmosphere.
Assessment of productive properties of leaf vegetable plants in zero-gravity conditions and verification of land treatment to extend the closed ecological life support system techniques to spacecraft.
Shagimardanova E, Levinskikh MA, Gusev OA, Sychev VN, Bingham GE, Sharipova MR, Il'inskaya ON, Sugimoto M. Expression of Stress Response Genes in Barley Hordeum Vulgare in a Spaceflight Environment. Molecular Biology. 2010; 44(5): 734-740. DOI: 10.1134/S0026893310050080.
Gostimsky SA, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Bingham GE, Kokaeva ZG, Dribnokhodova OP, Khartina GA. The Study of the Genetic Effects in Generation of Pea Plants Cultivated During the Whole Cycle of Ontogenesis on the Board of RS ISS. Genetika. 2007; 43(8): 1050-1057. PMID: 17958304. [Russian]
Gostimsky SA, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Bingham GE, Podolsky IG. Spaceflight effects on consecutive generations of peas grown onboard the Russian segment of the International Space Station. Acta Astronautica. 2007; 60: 426-432. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2006.09.009.
Gostimsky SA, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Bingham GE, Derendiaeva TA, Signalova OB, Podolsky IG. Growth, development and genetic status of pea plants cultivated in space greenhouse. Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina. 2005; 39(6): 38-43. PMID: 16536032. [Russian]
Shagimardanova E, Levinskikh MA, Gusev OA, Sychev VN, Bingham GE, Tiansu Z, Kihara M, Ito K, Sugimoto M. Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Capacity in Barley Grown Under Space Environment. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry. 2010; 74(7): 1479-1482. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.100139. PMID: 20622437.
Levinskikh MA, Bingham GE, Derendiaeva TA, Sychev VN, Signalova OB, Podolsky IG, Avdeev S. Growth and development of plants in a row of generations under the conditions of space flight (experiment Greenhouse-5). Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina. 2001; 35(4): 45-49. PMID: 11668959. [Russian]