Growth and Development of Higher Plants through Multiple Generations (Rastenia-Gorokh (Plants-Pea) ) - 08.20.14

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Understanding the effects of gravity on plant life is essential in preparation for future interplanetary exploration. The ability to produce high energy, low mass food sources during space flight will enable the maintenance of crew health during long duration missions while having a reduced impact on resources necessary for long distance travel. Additional applications of a plant growth chamber include using plants as components of regenerative life support systems for travel to the Moon and Mars.

Science Results for Everyone
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The following content was provided by Vladimir Nikolaevich Sychev, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Experiment Details

OpNom

Principal Investigator(s)

  • Vladimir Nikolaevich Sychev, Ph.D., Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending
    Developer(s)
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    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
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    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    April 2006 - September 2006

    Expeditions Assigned
    13

    Previous ISS Missions
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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Description
    Researches aimed at solving the problems of fundamental biology and problems of optimization of plants cultivation modes for future greenhouses as part of advanced space life support system.

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    Applications

    Space Applications
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    Earth Applications
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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
    Lada greenhouse consisting of: Control unit; Lighting unit; Leaf chamber; Root module; Water canister. Being a module-type system, the Lada greenhouse ensures maximum flexibility, its dimensions are decreased by four times as compared to the Svet similar greenhouse used on board the Mir OC.

    Operational Protocols
    Mounting and preparation of equipment for experiment performance. Study of specific features of water-air mode of the Lada greenhouse vegetation vessel in space flight conditions. Study of plants cultivation technology (Mizuna lettuce, Micro-Tom dwarfish tomatoes, dwarfish (red) pea) as applied to standard greenhouse devices. Study of the impact of space flight factors on the growth and evolution of plants which can be potentially used in space vitamin greenhouses. Study of germination and viability of plants. Study of phenology of plant evolution. Study of reproductive property of plants and production of the second generation of space seeds. Study of chemical composition of plants and seeds grown in zero-g conditions to define the content of nitrocompounds in vegetable biomass. Determination of ethylene concentration in the ISS RS atmosphere.

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    Results/More Information
    Assessment of productive properties of leaf vegetable plants in zero-gravity conditions and verification of land treatment to extend the closed ecological life support system techniques to spacecraft.

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    Results Publications

      Gostimsky SA, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Kokaeva ZG, Dribnokhodova OP, Khartina GA, Bingham GE.  The Study of the Genetic Effects in Generation of Pea Plants Cultivated During the Whole Cycle of Ontogenesis on the Board of RS ISS. Genetika. 2007; 43(8): 1050-1057. PMID: 17958304. [Russian]

      Shagimardanova E, Gusev OA, Bingham GE, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Tiansu Z, Kihara M, Ito K, Sugimoto M.  Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Capacity in Barley Grown Under Space Environment. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry. 2010; 74(7): 1479-1482. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.100139. PMID: 20622437.

      Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Derendiaeva TA, Signalova OB, Podolsky IG, Gostimsky SA, Bingham GE.  Growth, development and genetic status of pea plants cultivated in space greenhouse. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2005; 39(6): 38-43. PMID: 16536032. [Russian]

      Sychev VN, Levinskikh MA, Gostimsky SA, Bingham GE, Podolsky IG.  Spaceflight effects on consecutive generations of peas grown onboard the Russian segment of the International Space Station. Acta Astronautica. 2007; 60: 426-432. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2006.09.009.

      Shagimardanova E, Gusev OA, Sychev VN, Levinskikh MA, Sharipova MR, Il'inskaya ON, Bingham GE, Sugimoto M.  Expression of Stress Response Genes in Barley Hordeum Vulgare in a Spaceflight Environment. Molecular Biology. 2010; 44(5): 734-740. DOI: 10.1134/S0026893310050080.

      Berkovich IA, Krivobok NM, Siniak IE, Smolianshchina SO, Grigorev II, Romanov S, Guzenberg AS.  The problem of developing a lettuce greenhouse for the International space station and future interplanetary missions. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2002; 36(5): 8-12. PMID: 12572116.

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

      Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Derendiaeva TA, Signalova OB, Podolsky IG, Avdeev S, Bingham GE.  Growth and development of plants in a row of generations under the conditions of space flight (experiment Greenhouse-5). Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2001; 35(4): 45-49. PMID: 11668959. [Russian]

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    Related Websites
    Coordinating Scientific and Technical Council of the Russian Space Agency [Russian]
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    Imagery

    image NASA Image: ISS009E24154 - View inside the LADA hardware at radish plants grown on ISS Expedition 9.
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    image Cosmonaut Sergei Treshchev with the LADA hardware opened to reveal the mizuna lettuce that was grown during ISS Expedition 5.
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    image NASA Image: ISS007E05298 - Close-up view of dried pea pods that have gone to seed in the Russian Lada greenhouse located in the Zvezda Service Module. They are part of an experiment to investigate plant development and genetics. The crew of the International Space Station (ISS) will soon harvest the seeds. Eventually, some will be re-planted onboard the ISS and some will be returned to Earth for further study.
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    image NASA Image: ISS008E21915 - Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale (left) and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri pose beside the pea plants growing in the LADA-4 greenhouse as part of the Rastenia (Plants) experiment located in the Destiny U.S. Laboratory.
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    image NASA Image: ISS013E61500 - View of plant growth in a root tray inside the LADA greenhouse for the BIO-5 Rasteniya-2 (Plants-2) experiment in the Service Module (SM)/Zvezda. Photo taken during Expedition 13.
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    image NASA Image: ISS013E86945 - View of plant growth in a root tray inside the LADA greenhouse for the BIO-5 Rasteniya-2 (Plants-2) experiment in the Service Module (SM)/Zvezda. Photo taken during Expedition 13.
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    image NASA Image: ISS013E84325 - View of Spaceflight Participant, Anousheh Ansari, posing for a photo with plants in a root tray from the Lada greenhouse which are part of the BIO-5 Rasteniya-2 (Plants-2) experiment. Photo taken in the Service Module/Zvezda during the Expedition 13/ Expedition 14 crew rotation period.
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    image NASA Image: ISS014E15479 - Cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin, Expedition 14 Flight Engineer, performs his regular daily inspection of the BIO-5 Rasteniya-2 (Plants-2) experiment in the Russian Lada greenhouse in the Zvezda Service Module.
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    image NASA Image: ISS015E17712 - View of Expedition 15 cosmonaut and Flight Engineer, Oleg Kotov, working on the installation of Plants-1 LADA-MIS (Module for the Investigation of Substrates) experiment hardware in the in the Service Module (SM)/Zvezda. Kotov is holding a greenhouse.
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    image NASA Image: ISS015E18148 - View of Expedition 15 cosmonaut and Flight Engineer, Oleg Kotov, working on the installation of Plants-1 LADA-MIS (Module for the Investigation of Substrates) experiment hardware in the in the Service Module (SM)/Zvezda.
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    image NASA Image: ISS016E031242 - Cosmonaut Yuri I. Malenchenko, Expedition 16 flight engineer representing Russia's Federal Space Agency, checks the progress of pea plants growing in the Russian Lada greenhouse in the Zvezda Service Module of the ISS.
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