The eValuatIon And monitoring of microBiaL biofilms insidE ISS (VIABLE ISS) study involves the evaluation of the microbial biofilm development on space materials. Both metallic and textile space materials, either conventional or innovative, are located inside and on the cover of Nomex pouches that are placed inside the International Space Station (ISS).Principal Investigator(s)
University of Tuscia, Department of Agrobiology and Agrochemistry, Viterbo, , Italy
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Sponsoring Organization
Italian Space Agency (ASI)Research Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration:
March 2011 - March 2014Expeditions Assigned
27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38Previous ISS Missions
Increment 27/28 is the first planned mission for the VIABLE ISS investigation. An experiment involving microorganisms, Microspace, was previously conducted during the ENEIDE mission in 2005.
The eValuatIon And monitoring of microBiaL biofilms insidE ISS (VIABLE ISS) investigation evaluates microbial biofilm development on space materials. The objectives of VIABLE ISS are to determine the microbial strain producing the anti-biofilm product, evaluate the chemical nature of the anti-biofilm product, study the innovative materials which are chemo-physically treated, and address the biological safety issues associated with microbial biofilms.
Most surfaces are covered with microorganisms under natural conditions. The process by which a complex community of microorganisms is established on a surface is known as biofilm formation. Microbial biofilms can exist in many different forms by a wide range of microorganisms. The process of biofilm formation is a prerequisite for substantial corrosion and/or deterioration of the underlying materials to take place.
The VIABLE ISS samples are composed by both metallic and textile space materials either conventional or innovative (Aluminum, Armaflex and Betacloth). They are placed inside four foam lined Nomex bags and, in particular, the following hardware is placed inside each pouch:
The present investigation may supply interesting data related to the biosafety and health quality of astronauts as well as to the maintenance of ISS hardware. Microbial biofilms are well known for causing damage and contamination on both MIR and ISS. The potential application of novel methodologies and products to treat space materials may lead to improve the environmental quality of manned confined habitats on space.Earth Applications
The potential application of novel methodologies and products to treat space materials may lead to improve the environmental quality of manned confined habitats on space; but also specific bases and modules on earth where humans have to stay long-term; particularly for scientific purposes.
During the 12-day mission, a crewmember is required to handle the pouches (remove pouches from bag, place pouches in experimental site, open/close cover of pouches, take photographs).Operational Protocols
A total of eight pouches are set up: a group of four pouches for the flight experiment, and a second group of four pouches (replica of the previous pouches) are used as ground sample controls. Vials with the same potable water used on the ISS are also included in order to evaluate biofilm formation. Both dosimeters and temperature data logs are placed inside all pouches. Once in orbit the covers are opened along three sides in order to expose the inner space materials to the module environment; no forced ventilation is required for the experiment execution. Some handling of pouches is, therefore, required. At the end of the mission, covers must be closed and pouches are left on ISS. Inside the FGB, all four pouches are placed on the same spot and aligned as shown in the figure, leaving a 100 mm distance among them and all around. The experiment is performed for about four years and returned on Soyuz.
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