Erasmus Recording Binocular - 2 (ERB-2) - 09.17.14
ISS Science for Everyone
Science Objectives for Everyone
Erasmus Recording Binocular - 2 (ERB-2) is a three-dimensional video camera that will take images of the environment onboard the ISS to create an accurate map of the ISS interior.
Science Results for Everyone
Soon you may be able to tune into The Space Channel. This second-generation 3D camera was used to create an accurate map of the space station interior. Its images of life and work on the station also have proven useful for education and public outreach. Live 3D images were transmitted from space to a support and operations center on the ground for the first time in August, 2011. ERB-2 achieved resolution compatible with current HDTV standards. Crewmembers now have the ability to perform live broadcasts and to downlink files of recorded video sessions from on-board the station.
Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)
ISS Expedition Duration
March 2010 - September 2013
Previous ISS Missions
- The ERB-2 is the second generation of the stereoscopic camera family which started with the ERB.
- ERB-2 has Improved resolution: 1280 x 720 pixel (HD 720p), thereby achieving a compatible resolution with current commercial HDTV standards. With the ability to perform live broadcast of stereo films and downlink files of recorded video sessions using the High Rate Data Link (HRDL) available on-board the ISS via the European Drawer Rack (EDR).
3D cameras proved a popular choice for astronauts to use during their free time on orbit: they act both as a central element of relaxation for astronauts while at the same time producing valuable imagery for use in education and promotion activities. Furthermore, with the history of developments in this technology, advances have been made to improve stereoscopic image quality and in creating robust data communication protocols that allow both the transmission in real-time of the compressed stereo signal and the control of the camera with minimal intervention of the crew, i.e. to get the recorded video down to earth. As such this technology is a building block to future developments which could prove advantageous in, for example, surface mapping during human exploration missions or in filming robotics/EVA activities in and around the ISS.
These technologies are helping to feed into astronaut training programmes and improving ISS simulators. Footage from these technologies is furthermore helping to stimulate the public interest in the International Space Station in general, and more specifically generate the interest in children through providing a highly visual means to promote an interest in scientific research topics.
NASA Image: ISS026E017685 - European Space Agency astronaut Paolo Nespoli, Expedition 26 flight engineer, works with European Recording Binocular (ERB2) hardware in the Harmony node of the International Space Station.
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