Interactions: Monitoring of Space Crew Interactions During Extended Space Flight (Vzaimodeistvie (Interaction)) - 05.13.15
Study of small group (space crew) behavioral laws throughout long-duration space flight. Science Results for Everyone
Keeping the “international” in the International Space Station. Crew members’ personal and cultural differences and group dynamics can affect mission success. This investigation tested group dynamics, stress, and relationship changes in order to optimize crew selection, training, and support. Significant changes happened during the first month, little change during the next four months, and more significant change again in the final month. This confirmed that stress at various stages of long-term flight causes a partial change in self-perception and perception of others. The data also confirm the relevance of studying psychological similarity of crew members and taking into account the number of crew and their nationalities. Experiment Details
V. I. Guschin, Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia
Vadim I. Gushin, Ph.D., M.D., Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
ISS Expedition Duration
October 2009 - September 2013
Previous ISS Missions
Study of personal, cultural and national differences impacts on mutual perception of crew members, group structure. Study of the dynamics of crew members mutual selfperception and perception under stress during different phases of long-duration flight. Study of the group dynamics throughout long-duration flight.
Vzaimodeystviye Kit; Computer Think Pad A31P with accessories kit.
Regular testing in the course of flight will make it possible to reveal changes in relationships within crew throughout long-duration flight; optimize psychological support and update recommendations for crew psychological selection and training.
During conduct of the experiment, time of characters assessment and quantitative evaluations of characters are recorded using 12 scales (pairs of criteria). All indices are entered in memory card to be delivered to Earth as part of kit Vzaimodestviye.
Vinokhodova AG, Gushin VI. Study of values and interpersonal perception in cosmonauts on board of International Space Station. Acta Astronautica. 2014 January; 93: 359-365. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.07.026. [Also: presented during the 63rd IAC in Naples.]
Suedfeld P, Brcic J, Johnson PJ, Gushin VI. Personal growth following long-duration spaceflight. Acta Astronautica. 2012 October; 79: 118-123. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.04.039.
Johnson PJ, Asmaro D, Suedfeld P, Gushin VI. Thematic content analysis of work–family interactions: Retired cosmonauts’ reflections. Acta Astronautica. 2012 December; 81(1): 306-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.07.032. [also presented during the 62nd IAC in Cape Town]
Ground Based Results Publications
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment