Study of the Typological Characteristis of ISS Crew Operators Activity at the Stages of Long Term Space Flight (Tipologia (Typology)) - 02.25.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Identification of objective features of typological manifestations of operator activity, which can be used for assessment of the actual mental state, prediction and correction of quality of professional task performance in a space flight.
Science Results for Everyone
Space flight is a head rush. On the ground, crew members exhibit a high level of professional skill, able to perform logical and spatial tasks and to develop adaptive biological control skills. In space, however, microgravity causes a rush of blood to the head, and this investigation found that all subjects begin to struggle with difficult activities and problems, especially ones requiring logic. Researchers sought to identify objective factors that could be used to predict and correct the quality of performance in space. Regardless of performance during flight, most subjects were able to successfully solve problems once back on the ground. 

The following content was provided by A. A. Antonov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)

  • A. A. Antonov, Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending

    Developer(s)
    Information Pending

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    September 2010 - March 2013

    Expeditions Assigned
    25/26,27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Description
    Assessment of preservation of individual typological features of operator activity and their predicted value. Assessment of preservation of adaptive biological control skill (ABC) and the correction effect.

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    Applications

    Space Applications
    Information Pending

    Earth Applications
    Information Pending

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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
    Set TIPOLOGIA, consisting of: TIPOLOGIA kit; TIPOLOGIA-DANNYE kit. Complex Neirolab-2000I. Hardware used onboard: Computer RSK1 of Think Pad A31P type with a set of accessories; Operator restraints; Kit with table complete set.

    Operational Protocols
    Information Pending

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    Results/More Information

    Generation of objective data on preservation of the adaptive control skill in the actual flight with a rush of blood to the head that is natural in weightlessness will allow to develop methods to improve the cosmonaut readiness for various types of operator activity when stochastic and determined stimula act.

    Complex NEIROLAB-2000I provides taking readings, amplification and processing of the following physiological functions and factors: electroencephalogram; color selection procedure and verbal characteristics when performing Lscher psychological test; efficiency factors of playing computer games (the following is measured: number of correct answers, errors, time of task implementation, etc.). All the data generated during the experiment is recorded on a hard disk of onboard computer Laptop Think Pad A31P RSK1 and at the end of the Expedition the data is recorded on memory card PCMCIA and removable disk HDD-FOTO-SM which upon the Expedition completion are returned to the ground.

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    Results Publications

      Savchenko VV.  Feedback mechanisms when supporting the operator’s functionality in the "human-machine” system, when in a state of readiness to perform experimental activity . Zhurnal Sistemnyi Analiz i Upravleniye s Biomeditzinskikh Sistemakh (System Analysis and Control in Biomedical Systems). 2005; 5(4): 477-481.

      Antonov AA, Ershova TA.  Effect of adaptive biological control session on the indicators of modeled activity in the experiment Mars – 105. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2010; 44(4): 17-23.

      Antonov AA, Ershova TA.  Preservation of the ABC skill when controlling the process of synchronizing the bioelectrical activity of the human cerebral cortex in an argon-nitrogen-oxygen environment with various concentrations of oxygen. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2009; 43(5): 27-31.

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

      Ivanova YI, Orlova YG, Permyakov OV.  The BOS method in middle school. Effectiveness of psycho-physical correction using the BOS. Zhurnal Biologicheskaya Obratnaya Svyaz (Journal, Biological Feedback). 1999: 24.

      Semionovich AV.  Neuro-psychological analysis of failure in school among mass schools. Zhurnal Vyshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti (Journal of High Neurological Activity). 1992(4).

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    Related Websites
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    Imagery

    image NASA Image: ISS030E009565 - Russian cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin, Expedition 30 flight engineer, prepares for a session with the Russian behavioral assessment TIPOLOGIA (MBI-20) in the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station.
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