Education Payload Operation-Demonstrations (EPO-Demos) - 05.13.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The Education Payload Operation-Demonstrations (EPO-Demos) investigation records video education demonstrations using equipment already onboard the International Space Station. Toys, tools and other common objects are used to demonstrate science and technology concepts in microgravity. EPO-Demos enhances existing NASA education resources for educators and students in grades K-12.
Science Results for Everyone
Show and tell from space! Crewmembers use objects already on the International Space Station to demonstrate basic science principles such as force, motion, and energy in microgravity. Video of these demonstrations are available to teachers across the country to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.  Each expedition conducts different activities on various themes and partners with museums, universities, and public school districts for this orbiting show and tell.
 

The following content was provided by Trinesha Dixon, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Trinesha Dixon, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
NASA Johnson Space Center, Teaching From Space Office, Houston, TX, United States

Sponsoring Space Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Sponsoring Organization
NASA Education (EDU)

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
April 2003 - March 2015

Expeditions Assigned
7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38,39/40,41/42

Previous ISS Missions
EPO began ISS operations during Expedition 7.

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

  • The objective of Education Payload Operations (EPO) investigation is to use toys, tools and other common items in the microgravity environment of the ISS to create educational video and multimedia products that inspire the next generation of mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and other scientists.


  • EPO-Demos are a continuation of education demonstrations that have been conducted by ISS crewmembers since Expedition 7. The products are used for demonstrations and to support curriculum materials that are distributed across the United States and internationally to educators to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and inspire the next generation of space explorers.


  • The individual EPO projects are designed to explore physical phenomena such as force, motion, and energy. Each ISS Expedition involves different on-orbit activities and themes as well as different partners such as museums, universities, and public school districts.

Description
Education Payload Operation - Demonstrations (EPO-Demos) are recorded video education demonstrations performed on the International Space Station (ISS) by crewmembers using hardware already onboard the ISS. EPO-Demos are videotaped, edited, and used to enhance existing NASA education resources and programs for educators and students in grades K-12. EPO-Demos are designed to support the NASA mission to inspire the next generation of explorers.

EPO-Demos are a continuation of education demonstrations that have been conducted by ISS crewmembers since Expedition 4. The products are used for demonstrations and to support curriculum materials that are distributed across the United States and internationally to educators to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and inspire the next generation of space explorers. Each ISS Expedition involves different on-orbit activities and themes, as well as different partners, such as museums, universities, and public school districts.

Some of the activities cover physical properties, such as Newton's Laws of Motion or Bernoulli's Principle for air pressure, and others are specific to life in space, such as explaining how the ISS solar panels work or demonstrating extravehicular activities.

 

 

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Demo

Objective

Expedition

1

EPO-Tools-Demo

Compare ISS and EVA tools and their use to similar tools on Earth; discuss adaptations.

7

2

EPO-Newton’s Laws-Demo

Use bodies to demonstrate Newton’s Laws in microgravity.

7

3

EPO-Center of Mass-Demo

Demonstrate center of mass using rolled socks and string.

7

4

EPO-Lewis and Clark-Demo

Collaboration between CEO and Teaching from Space. Crew photographs significant sites on path of Lewis and Clark; still images.

7

5

EPO-Bernoulli’s Principle-Demo

Demonstrate Bernoulli’s Principle with paper and straw.

8

6

EPO-Lab Tour-Demo

Give a complete tour of the lab pointing out significant items.

8

7

EPO-Living Area-Demo

Show personal living space.

8

8

EPO-Hygiene-Demo

Demonstrate simple hygiene activities and compare to the same activities on Earth.

8

9

EPO-Water Droplet-Demo

Show how a water droplet behaves in microgravity.

9

10

EPO-Conservation of Angular Momentum-Demo

Spin body and move arms to show conservation of angular momentum.

9

11

EPO-Weight and Mass-Demo

Demonstrate and explain the difference between weight and mass.

9

12

EPO-Free Time-Demo

Demonstrate and discuss what the crew does during their free time.

12

13

EPO-First Aid-Demo

Show medical supplies and discuss medical care on board.

12

14

EPO-Sports-Demo

Demonstrate a variety of sports on orbit and use Newton’s Laws to describe what happens.

12

15

EPO-Sleep-Demo

Demonstrate and explain how the crew sleeps and eats; compare to similar activities on Earth.

12

16

EPO-Arm Operations-Demo

Demonstrate robotic arm work stations and describe how they work.

12

17

EPO-Spacesuits-Demo

Show and compare Russian and American spacesuits.

12

18

EPO-Supplies-Demo

Show a Progress and the supplies it brings.

12

19

EPO-Recycling-Demo

Show and explain how water gets to the on the ISS and discuss the importance and conservation of resources.

12

20

EPO-Solar Arrays-Demo

Explain how the solar panels work and show and describe uses for electricity.

12

21

EPO-Lab Safety-Demo

Demonstrate lab safety procedures and compare to lab procedures on Earth.

12

22

EPO-Floor/Ceiling-Demo

Show that in microgravity the crew can work in different planes.

12

23

EPO-Vibrations-Demo

Demonstrate how daily activities produce vibrations and talk about problems associated with vibrations.

12

24

EPO-Morning Routine-Demo/EPO-ECLSS-Demo

Describe the crewmembers’ morning routine and Environmental Control and Life Support System.

14

25

EPO-Fitness-Demo

Provide an overview of the exercise equipment used on ISS and the importance of fitness.

14

26

EPO-Comm-Demo

Highlight the different equipment used on board the ISS for communicating with the ground.

14

27

EPO-IPY-Demo

Describe ISS role in polar investigations and International Polar Year.

14

28

EPO-Sports-Demo

Describe how sports would be different in microgravity.

15

29

EPO-Hobbies-Demo

Describe crewmember hobbies on the ISS.

15

30

EPO-Earth,Moon,Mars-Demo

Describe the distance and size between the Earth, moon, and Mars.

15

31

EPO-Sanitation on Station-Demo

Describe how crewmembers keep the ISS sanitary.

16

32

EPO-ISS Living Area Tour-Demo

Describe the living area onboard the ISS.

16

33

EPO-Newton’s Laws/Rotation-Demo

Describe Newton’s Laws and rotation in microgravity.

16

34

EPO-ISS Research Demo-Nutrition

Describe the nutrition research being conducted on the ISS.

16

35

EPO-ISS Research Demo-InSPACE

Describe InSPACE research dealing with magnets that is conducted on the station.

16

36

EPO-ISS Research Demo-SPHERES

Describe the SPHERES experiment and research being conducted on the ISS.

18

37

EPO-Buzz Lightyear-Demo

Developed for Walt Disney.  Not available for public distribution.

18

38

EPO-Careers-Demo

Describe careers involved with ISS.

18

39

EPO-ARISS Contact-Demo

Describe ham radio contacts from the ISS.

18

40

EPO-ARISS-Demo

Demonstrate a live school contact.

18

41

EPO-Renovation-Demo

Provide a tour of the ISS and describe the construction and renovations.

18

42

EPO-Spacesuits2-Demo

Describe a spacesuit and what it is like to work inside of one.

18

43

EPO-CEO-Demo

Describe CEO that take place on the ISS.

18

44

EPO-Weight vs. Mass-Demo

Describe the difference between weight and mass using demonstrations in microgravity.  Used with SSC Notice of Intent (NOI).

19/20

45

EPO-SLAMMD-Demo

Describe the Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device experiment and how it applies to Newton’s Second Law of Motion:  F=MA.

19/20

46

EPO-Recycling-Demo

Describe how astronauts recycle their urine and sweat into drinking water.  Used with Waste Limitation, Management, and Recycling (WLMR) Kennedy Space Center NOI.

19/20

47

EPO-Eating-Demo

Describe how astronauts eat in space.

19/20

48

EPO-Bernoulli’s Principle-Demo

Describe Bernoulli’s Principle using demonstrations in microgravity.

19/20

49

EPO-ISS Research Demo-LOCAD

Describe the Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development (LOCAD) experiment.

19/20

50

EPO-Linear Momentum-Demo

Describe linear momentum using demonstrations in microgravity.

19/20

51

EPO-Time-Demo

Describe time zones and what time it is on the ISS.

19/20

52

EPO-Weight vs Mass2-Demo

Describe the difference between weight and mass using demonstrations in microgravity.  Used with SSC NOI.

19/20

53

EPO-Wave Motion-Demo

Describe waves, their motion, and interactions.

19/20

54

EPO-Surface Tension-Demo

Describe surface tension of water and intermolecular forces.

19/20

55

EPO-CBPD-Demo

Continuous Blood Pressure Device heart experiment

19/20

56

EPO-IRIS-Demo

Eye experiment

19/20

57

EPO-Neurospat-Demo

Brain and Nervous System

19/20

58

EPO-BISE-Demo

Bodies in the Space Environment experiment

19/20

59

EPO-Integrated Immune-Demo

Immune System Experiment

19/20

60

EPO-CCISS-Demo

Blood Pressure Experiment

19/20

61

EPO-Rotation Set-Demo

Describe center of mass, rotation, and moments of inertia.

21/22

62

EPO-Speed/Work/Energy-Demo

Describe differences in speed between ISS and celestial objects.  Describe the work and energy involved.

21/22

63

EPO-Eye in the Sky-Demo

Describe the many phenomena that are uniquely observable from the ISS.

21/22

64

EPO-Centripetal Force/Acceleration-Demo

Describe centripetal acceleration, how it arises, and its practical uses onboard the ISS.

21/22

65

EPO-Sesame Street 1-Demo

This video is developed in collaboration with Sesame Street and will be used in Season 41.  Letter A/F is discussed and Word on the Street-Float.

22/23

66

EPO-Cloud Observation-Demo

This video is part of the S’COOL collaboration and discusses cloud formations as viewed from the ISS.

23/24

67

EPO-Dress4Scess-Demo

Describe why astronauts dress the way they do for work and why clothing is made differently for space.

25

68

EPO-Exercise2-Demo

Describe how astronauts exercise in space.

25

69

EPO-Hobbies2-Demo

Describe what hobbies the astronauts take part in on the ISS and how those hobbies are impacted by the microgravity environment.

25

70

EPO-Sesame Street 2-Demo

This video is developed in collaboration with Sesame Street and will be used in Season 42.  Counting to 10 using floating items.

27

71

EPO-EarthMoonMars-Demo

Describe the differences in distance and size between the Earth, moon, and Mars. Describe scale modeling.

29

72

EPO-Gyroscopes-Demo

Describe how gyroscopes stabilize the ISS.

29

73

EPO-Sleep2-Demo

Describe the crew sleeping quarters including those in the Russian segment.

29

74

EPO-Eye in the Sky 2-Demo

Illustrate the many phenomena that are uniquely observable from the Cupola.

29

75

EPO-R2EDU101-Demo

Describe the purpose of robotics and Robonaut on the ISS.

29

76

EPO-ISS Orbit- Demo

Describe and illustrate the orbit of the ISS. Describe the path of the ISS as illustrated on a world map.

29

77

EPO-Space Sports-Demo

Demonstrate student designed games in the microgravity environment of the ISS.

30

78

EPO-ISS Volume-Demo

Demonstrate the concept of how changing dimensions changes volume. Students and educators will gain a better understanding of storage on the ISS.

30

79

EPO-Optic Sphere-Demo

Demonstrate image inversion using a free floating sphere of water.

30

80

EPO-Orientation-Demo

Demonstrate spatial relationships using coordinate geometry.

32

81

EPO-EDC-Demo

Highlight radiation research being conducted on the ISS.  Introduce the Exploration Design Challenge (an education challenge targeting grade 5-12 students).

32

82

EPO-SpaceSports2-Demo

Demonstrate student designed games in the microgravity environment of the ISS.

34

83

EPO-Dual Fields-Demo

Demonstrate the interaction of a water drop in dual electric fields.

32

84

EPO-Dual Fields2-Demo

Provide a 3D visual of an electric field surrounding a charged conductor.

34

85

EPO-EarthKAM-Demo

Demonstrate the onboard technology used to capture Earth images

35

86

EPO-Cartesian-Demo

Demonstrate spatial relationships using coordinate geometry

36

87

EPO-Ventilation-Demo

To explain how crewmembers are able to find lost objects in the ventilation system.
Students will gain a better understanding of how the transfer of energy drives the motion and /or cycling of matter.

36

 

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Applications

Space Applications
EPO-Demos engage students in grades K-12 in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Individual projects explore basic physical phenomena such as force, motion and energy, by using everyday objects in the unique environment of microgravity. 

Earth Applications
EPO-Demos projects continue an ongoing educational outreach program from the International Space Station. Crewmember demonstrations introduce the next generation of explorers to the unique environment of space..

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Operations

Operational Requirements
EPO-Demos does not require power, telemetry, or specialized hardware. However, each demonstration requires several hours from at least two crew members, one of whom will operate the video equipment and the other will demonstrate the activity.

Operational Protocols
After setting up the demonstration, at least one crew member will perform the demonstration while another films it. Each demonstration will have its own props (e.g., toys or tools). The demonstration is then dismantled and returned to stowage. After the videos are returned to Earth, they will be used to develop teaching guides, project plans, and educational packages focusing on the physical sciences and technology.

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Results/More Information

EPO-Demos has been a successful education program on ISS. By using simple objects and the microgravity environment , NASA is able to produce physical properties, such as force, motion, and energy, that may be obscured by gravity on Earth. Several specific videos demonstrating basic science principles have been created and are available via the NASA Education Project and Central Operations of Resources for Educators

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Related Websites
Johnson Space Center Education and Student Programs
NASA Student’s Cloud Observation On-Line
NASA STEM on Station
NASA eClips
NASA Day in the Life Aboard the ISS
Teaching From Space
NASA Education Program

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Imagery

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Astronaut Sandra Magnus demonstrates the surface tension of water in microgravity. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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Astronauts Dan Burbank and Andre Kuipers demonstrate the concept of volume using cargo transfer bags. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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Astronauts Koichi Wakata and Frank DeWinne demonstrate Bernoulli’s Principles in the microgravity environment of the ISS. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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Astronaut Clay Anderson manipulates a plant growth chamber. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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Astronaut Barbara Morgan with 2 million space flown basil seeds for later distribution to classrooms on Earth. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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Astronaut Bob Thirsk demonstrates wave motion with a slinky aboard the ISS. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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Astronauts Bob Thirsk and Koichi Wakata describe and demonstrate the difference between mass and weight using a drink bag and tape measure. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.
 

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Tracy Cadwell-Dyson views and identifies cloud types from the Cupola for EPO-Cloud-Demos. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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