Education Payload Operation-Demonstrations (EPO-Demos) - 09.17.14

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The Education Payload Operation-Demonstrations (EPO-Demos) investigation records video education demonstrations using equipment already onboard the International Space Station. Toys, tools and other common objects are used to demonstrate science and technology concepts in microgravity. EPO-Demos enhances existing NASA education resources for educators and students in grades K-12.

Science Results for Everyone

Show and tell from space! Crewmembers use objects already on the International Space Station to demonstrate basic science principles such as force, motion, and energy in microgravity. Video of these demonstrations are available to teachers across the country to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.  Each expedition conducts different activities on various themes and partners with museums, universities, and public school districts for this orbiting show and tell.
 



The following content was provided by Trinesha Dixon, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Experiment Details

OpNom

Principal Investigator(s)

  • Trinesha Dixon, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending
    Developer(s)
    Johnson Space Center, Teaching From Space Office, Houston, TX, United States

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

    Sponsoring Organization
    NASA Education (EDU)

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    April 2003 - March 2015

    Expeditions Assigned
    7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38,39/40,41/42

    Previous ISS Missions
    EPO began ISS operations during Expedition 7.

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview

    • The objective of Education Payload Operations (EPO) investigation is to use toys, tools and other common items in the microgravity environment of the ISS to create educational video and multimedia products that inspire the next generation of mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and other scientists.


    • EPO-Demos are a continuation of education demonstrations that have been conducted by ISS crewmembers since Expedition 7. The products are used for demonstrations and to support curriculum materials that are distributed across the United States and internationally to educators to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and inspire the next generation of space explorers.


    • The individual EPO projects are designed to explore physical phenomena such as force, motion, and energy. Each ISS Expedition involves different on-orbit activities and themes as well as different partners such as museums, universities, and public school districts.

    Description

    Education Payload Operation - Demonstrations (EPO-Demos) are recorded video education demonstrations performed on the International Space Station (ISS) by crewmembers using hardware already onboard the ISS. EPO-Demos are videotaped, edited, and used to enhance existing NASA education resources and programs for educators and students in grades K-12. EPO-Demos are designed to support the NASA mission to inspire the next generation of explorers.

    EPO-Demos are a continuation of education demonstrations that have been conducted by ISS crewmembers since Expedition 4. The products are used for demonstrations and to support curriculum materials that are distributed across the United States and internationally to educators to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and inspire the next generation of space explorers. Each ISS Expedition involves different on-orbit activities and themes, as well as different partners, such as museums, universities, and public school districts.

    Some of the activities cover physical properties, such as Newton's Laws of Motion or Bernoulli's Principle for air pressure, and others are specific to life in space, such as explaining how the ISS solar panels work or demonstrating extravehicular activities.

     

     

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    Demo

    Objective

    Expedition

    1

    EPO-Tools-Demo

    Compare ISS and EVA tools and their use to similar tools on Earth; discuss adaptations.

    7

    2

    EPO-Newton’s Laws-Demo

    Use bodies to demonstrate Newton’s Laws in microgravity.

    7

    3

    EPO-Center of Mass-Demo

    Demonstrate center of mass using rolled socks and string.

    7

    4

    EPO-Lewis and Clark-Demo

    Collaboration between CEO and Teaching from Space. Crew photographs significant sites on path of Lewis and Clark; still images.

    7

    5

    EPO-Bernoulli’s Principle-Demo

    Demonstrate Bernoulli’s Principle with paper and straw.

    8

    6

    EPO-Lab Tour-Demo

    Give a complete tour of the lab pointing out significant items.

    8

    7

    EPO-Living Area-Demo

    Show personal living space.

    8

    8

    EPO-Hygiene-Demo

    Demonstrate simple hygiene activities and compare to the same activities on Earth.

    8

    9

    EPO-Water Droplet-Demo

    Show how a water droplet behaves in microgravity.

    9

    10

    EPO-Conservation of Angular Momentum-Demo

    Spin body and move arms to show conservation of angular momentum.

    9

    11

    EPO-Weight and Mass-Demo

    Demonstrate and explain the difference between weight and mass.

    9

    12

    EPO-Free Time-Demo

    Demonstrate and discuss what the crew does during their free time.

    12

    13

    EPO-First Aid-Demo

    Show medical supplies and discuss medical care on board.

    12

    14

    EPO-Sports-Demo

    Demonstrate a variety of sports on orbit and use Newton’s Laws to describe what happens.

    12

    15

    EPO-Sleep-Demo

    Demonstrate and explain how the crew sleeps and eats; compare to similar activities on Earth.

    12

    16

    EPO-Arm Operations-Demo

    Demonstrate robotic arm work stations and describe how they work.

    12

    17

    EPO-Spacesuits-Demo

    Show and compare Russian and American spacesuits.

    12

    18

    EPO-Supplies-Demo

    Show a Progress and the supplies it brings.

    12

    19

    EPO-Recycling-Demo

    Show and explain how water gets to the on the ISS and discuss the importance and conservation of resources.

    12

    20

    EPO-Solar Arrays-Demo

    Explain how the solar panels work and show and describe uses for electricity.

    12

    21

    EPO-Lab Safety-Demo

    Demonstrate lab safety procedures and compare to lab procedures on Earth.

    12

    22

    EPO-Floor/Ceiling-Demo

    Show that in microgravity the crew can work in different planes.

    12

    23

    EPO-Vibrations-Demo

    Demonstrate how daily activities produce vibrations and talk about problems associated with vibrations.

    12

    24

    EPO-Morning Routine-Demo/EPO-ECLSS-Demo

    Describe the crewmembers’ morning routine and Environmental Control and Life Support System.

    14

    25

    EPO-Fitness-Demo

    Provide an overview of the exercise equipment used on ISS and the importance of fitness.

    14

    26

    EPO-Comm-Demo

    Highlight the different equipment used on board the ISS for communicating with the ground.

    14

    27

    EPO-IPY-Demo

    Describe ISS role in polar investigations and International Polar Year.

    14

    28

    EPO-Sports-Demo

    Describe how sports would be different in microgravity.

    15

    29

    EPO-Hobbies-Demo

    Describe crewmember hobbies on the ISS.

    15

    30

    EPO-Earth,Moon,Mars-Demo

    Describe the distance and size between the Earth, moon, and Mars.

    15

    31

    EPO-Sanitation on Station-Demo

    Describe how crewmembers keep the ISS sanitary.

    16

    32

    EPO-ISS Living Area Tour-Demo

    Describe the living area onboard the ISS.

    16

    33

    EPO-Newton’s Laws/Rotation-Demo

    Describe Newton’s Laws and rotation in microgravity.

    16

    34

    EPO-ISS Research Demo-Nutrition

    Describe the nutrition research being conducted on the ISS.

    16

    35

    EPO-ISS Research Demo-InSPACE

    Describe InSPACE research dealing with magnets that is conducted on the station.

    16

    36

    EPO-ISS Research Demo-SPHERES

    Describe the SPHERES experiment and research being conducted on the ISS.

    18

    37

    EPO-Buzz Lightyear-Demo

    Developed for Walt Disney.  Not available for public distribution.

    18

    38

    EPO-Careers-Demo

    Describe careers involved with ISS.

    18

    39

    EPO-ARISS Contact-Demo

    Describe ham radio contacts from the ISS.

    18

    40

    EPO-ARISS-Demo

    Demonstrate a live school contact.

    18

    41

    EPO-Renovation-Demo

    Provide a tour of the ISS and describe the construction and renovations.

    18

    42

    EPO-Spacesuits2-Demo

    Describe a spacesuit and what it is like to work inside of one.

    18

    43

    EPO-CEO-Demo

    Describe CEO that take place on the ISS.

    18

    44

    EPO-Weight vs. Mass-Demo

    Describe the difference between weight and mass using demonstrations in microgravity.  Used with SSC Notice of Intent (NOI).

    19/20

    45

    EPO-SLAMMD-Demo

    Describe the Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device experiment and how it applies to Newton’s Second Law of Motion:  F=MA.

    19/20

    46

    EPO-Recycling-Demo

    Describe how astronauts recycle their urine and sweat into drinking water.  Used with Waste Limitation, Management, and Recycling (WLMR) Kennedy Space Center NOI.

    19/20

    47

    EPO-Eating-Demo

    Describe how astronauts eat in space.

    19/20

    48

    EPO-Bernoulli’s Principle-Demo

    Describe Bernoulli’s Principle using demonstrations in microgravity.

    19/20

    49

    EPO-ISS Research Demo-LOCAD

    Describe the Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development (LOCAD) experiment.

    19/20

    50

    EPO-Linear Momentum-Demo

    Describe linear momentum using demonstrations in microgravity.

    19/20

    51

    EPO-Time-Demo

    Describe time zones and what time it is on the ISS.

    19/20

    52

    EPO-Weight vs Mass2-Demo

    Describe the difference between weight and mass using demonstrations in microgravity.  Used with SSC NOI.

    19/20

    53

    EPO-Wave Motion-Demo

    Describe waves, their motion, and interactions.

    19/20

    54

    EPO-Surface Tension-Demo

    Describe surface tension of water and intermolecular forces.

    19/20

    55

    EPO-CBPD-Demo

    Continuous Blood Pressure Device heart experiment

    19/20

    56

    EPO-IRIS-Demo

    Eye experiment

    19/20

    57

    EPO-Neurospat-Demo

    Brain and Nervous System

    19/20

    58

    EPO-BISE-Demo

    Bodies in the Space Environment experiment

    19/20

    59

    EPO-Integrated Immune-Demo

    Immune System Experiment

    19/20

    60

    EPO-CCISS-Demo

    Blood Pressure Experiment

    19/20

    61

    EPO-Rotation Set-Demo

    Describe center of mass, rotation, and moments of inertia.

    21/22

    62

    EPO-Speed/Work/Energy-Demo

    Describe differences in speed between ISS and celestial objects.  Describe the work and energy involved.

    21/22

    63

    EPO-Eye in the Sky-Demo

    Describe the many phenomena that are uniquely observable from the ISS.

    21/22

    64

    EPO-Centripetal Force/Acceleration-Demo

    Describe centripetal acceleration, how it arises, and its practical uses onboard the ISS.

    21/22

    65

    EPO-Sesame Street 1-Demo

    This video is developed in collaboration with Sesame Street and will be used in Season 41.  Letter A/F is discussed and Word on the Street-Float.

    22/23

    66

    EPO-Cloud Observation-Demo

    This video is part of the S’COOL collaboration and discusses cloud formations as viewed from the ISS.

    23/24

    67

    EPO-Dress4Scess-Demo

    Describe why astronauts dress the way they do for work and why clothing is made differently for space.

    25

    68

    EPO-Exercise2-Demo

    Describe how astronauts exercise in space.

    25

    69

    EPO-Hobbies2-Demo

    Describe what hobbies the astronauts take part in on the ISS and how those hobbies are impacted by the microgravity environment.

    25

    70

    EPO-Sesame Street 2-Demo

    This video is developed in collaboration with Sesame Street and will be used in Season 42.  Counting to 10 using floating items.

    27

    71

    EPO-EarthMoonMars-Demo

    Describe the differences in distance and size between the Earth, moon, and Mars. Describe scale modeling.

    29

    72

    EPO-Gyroscopes-Demo

    Describe how gyroscopes stabilize the ISS.

    29

    73

    EPO-Sleep2-Demo

    Describe the crew sleeping quarters including those in the Russian segment.

    29

    74

    EPO-Eye in the Sky 2-Demo

    Illustrate the many phenomena that are uniquely observable from the Cupola.

    29

    75

    EPO-R2EDU101-Demo

    Describe the purpose of robotics and Robonaut on the ISS.

    29

    76

    EPO-ISS Orbit- Demo

    Describe and illustrate the orbit of the ISS. Describe the path of the ISS as illustrated on a world map.

    29

    77

    EPO-Space Sports-Demo

    Demonstrate student designed games in the microgravity environment of the ISS.

    30

    78

    EPO-ISS Volume-Demo

    Demonstrate the concept of how changing dimensions changes volume. Students and educators will gain a better understanding of storage on the ISS.

    30

    79

    EPO-Optic Sphere-Demo

    Demonstrate image inversion using a free floating sphere of water.

    30

    80

    EPO-Orientation-Demo

    Demonstrate spatial relationships using coordinate geometry.

    32

    81

    EPO-EDC-Demo

    Highlight radiation research being conducted on the ISS.  Introduce the Exploration Design Challenge (an education challenge targeting grade 5-12 students).

    32

    82

    EPO-SpaceSports2-Demo

    Demonstrate student designed games in the microgravity environment of the ISS.

    34

    83

    EPO-Dual Fields-Demo

    Demonstrate the interaction of a water drop in dual electric fields.

    32

    84

    EPO-Dual Fields2-Demo

    Provide a 3D visual of an electric field surrounding a charged conductor.

    34

    85

    EPO-EarthKAM-Demo

    Demonstrate the onboard technology used to capture Earth images

    35

    86

    EPO-Cartesian-Demo

    Demonstrate spatial relationships using coordinate geometry

    36

    87

    EPO-Ventilation-Demo

    To explain how crewmembers are able to find lost objects in the ventilation system.
    Students will gain a better understanding of how the transfer of energy drives the motion and /or cycling of matter.

    36

     

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    Applications

    Space Applications

    EPO-Demos engage students in grades K-12 in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Individual projects explore basic physical phenomena such as force, motion and energy, by using everyday objects in the unique environment of microgravity. 

    Earth Applications

    EPO-Demos projects continue an ongoing educational outreach program from the International Space Station. Crewmember demonstrations introduce the next generation of explorers to the unique environment of space..

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    Operations

    Operational Requirements

    EPO-Demos does not require power, telemetry, or specialized hardware. However, each demonstration requires several hours from at least two crew members, one of whom will operate the video equipment and the other will demonstrate the activity.

    Operational Protocols

    After setting up the demonstration, at least one crew member will perform the demonstration while another films it. Each demonstration will have its own props (e.g., toys or tools). The demonstration is then dismantled and returned to stowage. After the videos are returned to Earth, they will be used to develop teaching guides, project plans, and educational packages focusing on the physical sciences and technology.

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    Results/More Information

    EPO-Demos has been a successful education program on ISS. By using simple objects and the microgravity environment , NASA is able to produce physical properties, such as force, motion, and energy, that may be obscured by gravity on Earth. Several specific videos demonstrating basic science principles have been created and are available via the NASA Education Project and Central Operations of Resources for Educators

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    Related Websites
    Johnson Space Center Education and Student Programs
    NASA Education Program
    NASA Student’s Cloud Observation On-Line
    NASA STEM on Station
    NASA eClips
    Teaching From Space
    NASA Day in the Life Aboard the ISS

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    Imagery

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    Astronaut Sandra Magnus demonstrates the surface tension of water in microgravity. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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    Astronauts Dan Burbank and Andre Kuipers demonstrate the concept of volume using cargo transfer bags. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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    Astronauts Koichi Wakata and Frank DeWinne demonstrate Bernoulli’s Principles in the microgravity environment of the ISS. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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    Astronaut Clay Anderson manipulates a plant growth chamber. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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    Astronaut Barbara Morgan with 2 million space flown basil seeds for later distribution to classrooms on Earth. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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    Astronaut Bob Thirsk demonstrates wave motion with a slinky aboard the ISS. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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    Astronauts Bob Thirsk and Koichi Wakata describe and demonstrate the difference between mass and weight using a drink bag and tape measure. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.
     

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    Tracy Cadwell-Dyson views and identifies cloud types from the Cupola for EPO-Cloud-Demos. Image courtesy of Teaching From Space Office, NASA Johnson Space Center.

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