Facility for Absorption and Surface Tension (FASTER) - 07.29.14

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Emulsions are very common on Earth: present in natural sources such as milk, and also in many man-made products. The Facility for Adsorption and Surface Tension (FASTER) investigates the physical principles which determine the stability of different emulsions, and which compounds can influence this. This knowledge from FASTER can aid  industry by permitting the use and design of the best compounds to stabilize, or destabilize, different emulsions depending on their use, and optimising their utilisation towards more environmentally friendly products.
 

Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending



This content was provided by Liberio Liggieri, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.

Experiment Details

OpNom

Principal Investigator(s)

  • Liberio Liggieri, Ph.D., Institute of Physical Chemistry of Materials, Genova, Italy

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
  • Daniele Clausse, Ph.D., Universite de Technologie Compiegne, Compiegne, France
  • Lucilla Del Gaudio, Ph.D., ENI,E&P, San Donato Milanese, Italy
  • Giuseppe Loglio, Ph.D., University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
  • Annie Steinchen, Universit√© Paul Cezanne, Aix-Marseille, Marseille, France
  • Reinhard Miller, Ph.D., Max Planck Institut for Kolloid und Grenzflaechenforschung, Potsdam, Germany
  • Victoria Dutschk, Ph.D., Leibnitz Institut for Polymer Forschung, Dresden, Germany
  • Christine Dalmazzone, Ph.D., Institute Francais du Petrole, Riel-Malmaison, France
  • Mickael Antoni, Ph.D., Universite Paul Cezanne Centre St. Jerome, Marseille, France
  • Thodoris Karapantsios, Ph.D., Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • A. Di Lullo, Italy
  • Ramon G. Rubio, Ph.D., Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain

  • Developer(s)
    SASOL, , , Germany

    SAIF, , , Italy

    UNILEVER, , , United Kingdom

    HYDRO, , , Norway

    CNR-DET CNR, , , Italy

    BEIERSDORF, , , Germany

    NESTLE, , , Switzerland

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    European Space Agency (ESA)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    March 2014 - September 2014

    Expeditions Assigned
    39/40

    Previous ISS Missions
    FASTER is scheduled for its first operations on ISS Increment 23/24.

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview

    • FASTER aims to determine the characteristics of liquid/liquid interface surfactant adsorption dynamics (how the surfactant interaction with liquids affects the flow).


    • FASTER will investigate adsorption dynamics (how binding of molecules to a surface affects flow), surfactant transfer (when the surfactant crosses the liquid/liquid boundary), interfacial rheology (flow properties of interfaces), and the role of surfactants in stabilization (maintaining droplet interfaces).

    Description
    Information Pending

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    Applications

    Space Applications

    Some fluid handling processes in space are prone to involve emulsions, and the microgravity environment may influence their lifetime of the emulsion’s properties. A good knowledge of the mechanisms involved, and their characteristic scales of time and length, can help engineers to predict the behaviour of emulsions, and factor that into the design of space systems.
     

    Earth Applications

    Emulsions are present everywhere in our daily lives starting with milk and most dairy products, and including also common water-oil mixtures in other foods, and industrial products. Depending on the process or product it deals with, industry seeks greater knowledge  of how to stabilize, or destabilize, an emulsion. FASTER can provide knowledge enabling optimisation of the design of emulsions, and their utilisation, towards the development of environmentally friendly products.
     

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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
    Information Pending

    Operational Protocols
    Information Pending

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    Results/More Information

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    Related Websites

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    Imagery