Feature

Advanced Biological Research System
06.26.13
 
 

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Summary | Overview | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

Facility Summary

This content was provided by David R. Cox, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Brief Summary

The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) is a single locker system that is compatible with both the space shuttle and the International Space Station (ISS). The ABRS has two growth chambers; each chamber is a closed system capable of independently controlling temperature, illumination, and atmospheric composition to grow a variety of biological organisms.

Facility Manager(s)

  • David R. Cox, Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States
  • Facility Representative(s)

  • David W. Reed, QinetiQ North America, Kennedy Space Center, FL, United States
  • Developer(s)

    Bionetics Corporation, Cape Canaveral, FL, United States
    Kennedy Space Center, Applied Technology Flight Integration, Cape Canaveral, FL, United States

    Sponsoring Space Agency

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

    Sponsoring Organization

    Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD)

    ISS Expedition Duration

    October 2008 - March 2015

    Expeditions Assigned

    18,19/20,21/22,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38,39/40,41/42

    Previous ISS Missions

    Information Pending

    Availability

  • Onboard
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    Facility Overview

    • The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) is a single middeck locker equivalent system with two independently controlled chambers. The ABRS is compatible with the space shuttle middeck and International Space Station (ISS) EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) rack.

    • The ABRS may be used to grow plants, microorganisms, and small arthropods (e.g., insects and arachnids).

    • Each ABRS chamber can provide atmospheric contaminant scrubbing, temperature control to 8.

    Operations

    Facility Operations

    • The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) is an autonomous facility operated primarily from the ground.

    • The crew nominally interfaces with the ABRS via a laptop computer.
       
    • Crew maintenance operations include humidity control, water replenishment, and atmosphere filter changeouts.

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    Results/More Information

    Information Pending

    Results Publications

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    Ground Based Results Publications

      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009
      Levine HG, Cox DR, Reed DW, Mortenson TE, Shellack JL, Wells HW, Murdoch T, Regan MF, Albino SA, Cohen JN.  The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS): A Single Middeck Payload for Conducting Biological Experimentation on the International Space Station. 47th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Orlando, FL; 2009

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

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    Related Websites
  • NIH BioMed-ISS Meeting Video Presentation, 2009?ABRS
  • NIH BioMed-ISS Meeting, 2009?ABRS
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    Imagery

    image Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) facility with locker shell removed for clarity. Image provided by NASA.
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    image ABRS facility with locker shell and front hatch removed for clarity. Image provided by NASA.
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    image ABRS Environmental Research Chamber (ERC). Image provided by NASA.
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    image The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) unit in an Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) at Kennedy Space Center. Image courtesy of the Bionetics Corporation.
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    image The Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) unit in an Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) at Kennedy Space Center. Image courtesy of the Bionetics Corporation.
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    image NASA Image: ISS022E006919 - Expedition 22 Commander worked on the Transgenic Arabidopsis Gene Expression System (TAGES), performing Harvesting Part 1 A prime, then swapping the full TAGES memory cards for two new ones and initiating grow-out for Harvest 1B. The TAGES investigation uses the Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) facility. Photo was taken at Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) Rack 2 in the U.S. Laboratory during Expedition 22.
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