Dose Distribution Inside ISS - Dosimetry for Biological Experiments in Space (DOSIS-DOBIES) - 05.13.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
The Dose Distribution Inside ISS - Dosimetry for Biological Experiments in Space (DOSIS-DOBIES) provides documentation of the actual nature and distribution of the radiation field inside the ISS and develops a standard method to measure the absorbed doses in biological samples onboard the ISS.
Science Results for Everyone
I’ll see your radiation dose and double it. Two active and two passive radiation detectors collected data from different locations in the space station. Data from the passive detectors were analyzed on the ground while monthly downlinks collected data from the active detectors.  The passive thermoluminescence detectors (TLD) yielded data on daily dose rate measured with both neutron sensitive 6LiF and  non-neutron sensitive 7LiF. The data showed that the absorbed dose rate inside the Columbus module can vary up to 50 percent depending on location.

The following content was provided by Filip Vanhavere, Ph.D., Günter Reitz, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Information provided courtesy of the Erasmus Experiment Archive.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Filip Vanhavere, Ph.D., Belgium Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
Günter Reitz, Ph.D., German Aerospace Center, Köln, Germany

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Michael Hajek, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
Sandor Deme, KFKI Atomic Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
Jean Louis Genicot, Belgium Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
Istvan Apathy, KFKI Atomic Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
Jozsef K. Palfalvi, Atomic Energy Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
Frantisek Spurny, Ph.D., Nuclear Physics Institute, Rez, Czech Republic
Eric R. Benton, Eril Research Incorporated, Richmond, CA, United States
Marco Casolino, Ph.D., Universita of Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
Denis O'Sullivan, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Ireland
Yukio Uchihori, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
Nakahiro , National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
Pawel Bilski, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow, Poland
Pawel Olko, Institute for Nuclear Physics, Krakow, Poland
Rudolf Beaujean, Ph.D., University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
Dazhuang Zhou, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States
Vladislav P. Petrov, Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Eduardo G. Yukihara, Ph.D., Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, United States
Edward Neal Zapp, Ph.D., Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States
David Bartlett, National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, United Kingdom
Luke Hager, National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, United Kingdom
Stephen W. S McKeever, Stillwater, OK, United States
Edward Semones, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States
Kazunobu Fujitaka, NIRS, Japan
Cary Zeitlin, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, United States
M. Golighy, United States
F. van Havere, Belgium
Jack Miller, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, United States
Iva Jadrnickova, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
Thomas Berger, German Aerospace Center, Köln, Germany
Marlies Luszik-Bhadra, Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany
Aiko Nagamatsu, Ph.D., Japan Aerospace and Exploration Agency, Tsukuba, Japan

Developer(s)
European Space Agency (ESA), Noordwijk, Netherlands
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany

Sponsoring Space Agency
European Space Agency (ESA)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
March 2009 - September 2011

Expeditions Assigned
19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28

Previous ISS Missions
DOSIS-DOBIES first began operations on ISS Expedition 18.

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

  • DOSIS will use both passive and active radiation measurement devices to measure the radiation environment inside of the Columbus module.


  • DOBIES will study the responses of different detector types in space radiation fields. This will lead to a unique recommendation and description on dosimetric systems for radiobiologocal experiments in space.


  • A total number of 64 measurement positions are allocated to the DOSIS-DOBIES investigations.

Description
Dose Distribution inside ISS (DOSIS): The proposed experiment will provide documentation of the actual nature and distribution of the radiation field inside the spacecraft. Integral measurements of energy, charge and LET spectra of the heavy ion component will be done by the use of different nuclear track detectors. TLDs deliver mission averaged absorbed doses. Different neutron dosimeters allow for measurement of the neutron dose.

Dosimetry for Biological Experiments in Space (DOBIES): The objective of this project is to develop a standard Dosimetric method (as a combination of different techniques) to measure the absorbed doses and equivalent doses in biological samples, as a contribution to DOSIS in EPM and COL, and EXPOSE-E and EXPOSE-R payloads.

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Applications

Space Applications
Information Pending

Earth Applications
Information Pending

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Operations

Operational Requirements
Information Pending

Operational Protocols
DOSIS-DOBIES will consist of active radiation detectors: two DOSTEL silicon detectors, Alteino, tissue equivalent proportional counter (TEPC), Pille thermoluminescent detector (TLD) reader, passive radiation monitoring instruments and nuclear track detector packages (NTDP).

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Results/More Information

The results of the radiation absorption data collection carried out in 2006 aboard the Columbus module on the ISS showed that the radiation environment is very complex and requires multiple types of passive detectors to create a complete picture of the LET and Tracked Etched Detectors TED contributions to absorbed dosage.  Both Thermoluminescence TL and Optically Stimulated Luminescence OSL detectors were used for low LET radiation and TED for High LET radiation in order to create a characteristic profile of absorbed radiation. The observed dose rates inside the Columbus varied as much as 50% depending upon locations. Doses of LET particles obtained using TLDs on the ground and in space both were consistent in showing up to 10% in uncertainty. It is believed that some of the uncertainties involved with the TED results is a factor of different detection thresholds and readout methods for the different materials. A more detailed comparison between different lab and ground based experiments is needed.  (Vanhavere 2008)

 

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Results Publications

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

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Related Publications

    Bilski P, Berger T, Hajek M, Twardak A, Koerner C, Reitz G.  Thermoluminescence fading studies: Implications for long-duration space measurements in Low Earth Orbit. Radiation Measurements. 2013 September; 56: 303-306. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2013.01.045.

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Related Websites

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Imagery

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NASA Image: ISS015E12110 - View of the Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (TEPC) Radiation Detector (gold cylinder) and the TEPC Spectrometer (gold box) in the U.S. Laboratory, Destiny during Expedition 15. The TEPC will be one of several radiation measurement devices used for DOSIS-BOBIES. Photo credit: NASA  

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NASA Image: ISS020E022219 - Documentation of the installation of the Dose Distribution Inside ISS (DOSIS) in the Columbus module by the Expedition 20 crew. Photo credit: NASA

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