Gravity Related Genes in Arabidopsis - A (Genara-A) seeks to provide an understanding of microgravity induced altered molecular activities which will help to find plant systems that compensate the negative impact on plant growth in space.Principal Investigator(s)
EADS Astrium, Friedrichshafen, , Germany
European Space Agency (ESA)Sponsoring Organization
Information PendingResearch Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration
March 2010 - September 2010Expeditions Assigned
23/24Previous ISS Missions
Genara-A is scheduled for its first operations on ISS Increment 23/24.
The existence of gravity regulated genes, whose expression depends (at least) upon the mechanism of gravisensing and the redistribution of hormones, shall be addressed properly in this experiment. In transgenic Arabidopsis plants, several biomonitors will report the distribution of IAA (plant hormone auxin [Indole-3-Acetic Acid]) and ABA (plant hormone [Abscisic Acid]) at the tissue level in microgravity or in the 1-g centrifuge.
Information PendingEarth Applications
Information PendingOperational Protocols
Arabidopsis thalianaseedlings are launched dry state inside cultivation chambers (CCs). An impregnated filter paper below the seeds contains required nutrients for germination and growth, so that germination can be started by hydration with distilled water. A total of ninety-six CCs are flown.
For processing, the samples are provided with artificial air with a composition of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water according to the investigator specifications at a temperature of 22 degrees Celsius. The growth of the Arabidopsis is observed and recorded by the European Modular Cultivation System (EMCS) provided video observation and recording subsystems.
Following processing the CCs are removed from the ECs and either frozen at a temperature of -80 degrees Celsius in MELFI, and returned to ground in this condition in a suitable cold storage or filled with GUS-Assay and incubated in a incubator at a temperature of 37 degrees Celsius for 12 hours, first, and only afterwards frozen at -80 degrees C in MELFI. Currently GUS treatment is planned for 16 CCs.