Mechanisms of Action and Influence, and Effectiveness of Various Methods of Phrophylaxis Directed Toward Prevention of Disturbances of the Human Locomotion System in Weightlessness (Profilaktika-1 (Prophylaxis-1)) - 08.20.14

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Profilaktika uses physical activity to counteract the effects of microgravity on the human body. During physical activity such as riding the stationary bike or running on the treadmill: gas levels are measured via a breathing mask and heart rate is evaluated.

Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending



The following content was provided by Inessa B. Kozlovskaya, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Experiment Details

OpNom

Principal Investigator(s)

  • Inessa B. Kozlovskaya, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
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    Developer(s)
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    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
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    Research Benefits
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    ISS Expedition Duration
    December 2001 - October 2008

    Expeditions Assigned
    4,7,8,9,10,11,12,14,15,17

    Previous ISS Missions
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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Description
    Obtaining new data on the mechanisms and efficiency of various modes of physical prevention of adverse micro-gravity effects on human organism - reduction of orthostatic stability (human body tolerance to moving from horizontal to vertical position), reduction of aerobic (respiratory) capabilities, reduction in strength and endurance of skeletal muscles, skeletal muscle atrophy, bone demineralization.

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    Applications

    Space Applications
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    Earth Applications
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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
    Accusport device, TEEM-100M gas-analyzer, TEEM-100M Profilaktika kits, Reflotron-4 system to conduct blood tests analysis, TVIS treadmill, VB-3 stationary bicycle, Force loader NS-1.

    Operational Protocols
    Comparative assessment of the effects of bicycle, locomotor exercises on: Cosmonaut physical capacity for work in space flight environment; Energy support of muscle activity; Structural and functional indices of the muscular system in space flight conditions; Functional indices of the cardio-respiratory system in space flight conditions; Human metabolism in space flight conditions. Preparation of inputs for further improvement of standard systems of physical prophylaxis.

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    Results/More Information
    Comparing the efficiencies of different modes of physical prophylaxis in zero-gravity conditions applied to the same crew members conducting tests based on the use of advanced measurement technologies for further improvement of the physical prophylaxis system with the aim of its using aboard the space station. In the course of the tests a gas analysis, blood count, measurement of external respiration and arterial pressure parameters, recording of electrocardiogram and heart rate were performed.

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    Results Publications

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

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    Related Websites
    Coordinating Scientific and Technical Council of the Russian Space Agency [Russian]
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    Imagery

    image Accusupport device.
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