Generation of High Efficiency of Microorganisms for the Production of Preparations of Biodegradable Oil, Organophosphorus Material, Measures for the Protection of Plants, as well as, of Exopolysaddharides Uses in the Petroleum Industry (Bioekologia-M (Bioecology-M)) - 02.25.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Bioekologiya (Bioecology) seeks to produce improved strains of microorganisms for the manufacture of components such as exopolysaccharides from the biodegradation of oil.
Science Results for Everyone
Excuse me, your exopolysaccharide is showing. These sugar residues secreted by microorganisms have many uses in foods and pharmaceuticals. Researchers exposed microorganisms to space flight factors, including radioactive radiation and charged particle flow, to create new exopolysaccharides. They created one compound from fungi, Mitsefit, for use in stimulating plant growth, development and reproductive potential. Another compound, Rodart, contains highly active bacteria and was created to remove petroleum pollution from soil and bodies of water. This investigation produced feasibility studies, technical provisions, technological regulations and instructions on the use of these compounds and a pilot fermentation line for creating them.

The following content was provided by Tatiana K. Krasheninnikova, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)

  • Tatiana K. Krasheninnikova, Institute for Applied Biochemistry and Machine Building (Biohimmash), Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending

    Developer(s)
    Information Pending

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    April 2003 - April 2008

    Expeditions Assigned
    7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Description
    Investigation into the economically important microbiological objects exposed to space flight factors, including radioactive radiation and charged particles fluxes; production of highly efficient strains-producers of plant protection means, exopolysaccharides, means for biodegradation of the products containing xenobiotics (oil, oil products and organophosphoric substances) polluting environment.

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    Applications

    Space Applications
    Information Pending

    Earth Applications
    Information Pending

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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
    Bioecologia stowage, Independent temperature recorder.

    Operational Protocols
    Investigation into effect of space flight factors on physiological and biochemical properties of the microorganism cultures while the Bioekologia stowages are exposed to space flight factors within 1, 3, 6 and 12 months.

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    Results/More Information

    The downlinked temperature data (by telemetry generated by nominal temperature sensors located within the equipment accommodation area or by storage unit of independent temperature recorder). Recoverable stowage and independent temperature recorder indicating temperature values within a given time interval returned to Earth.

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    Results Publications

      Zhemchuzhina NS, Kofnova IN, Krasheninnikova TK, Lavrikova VV, Sinchurina EV, Smolyanaya GL, Ukraintsev AD.  Results of Experiments Conducted by Biokhimmash Space Biotechnology Laboratory. Kosmonavtika i Raketostroenie (Cosmonautics and Rocket Engineering). 2007; 49(4): 103-107.

      Ukraintsev AD, Krasheninnikova TK, Kofnova IN, Zhemchuzhina NS, Sinchurina EV, Smolyanaya GL, Lavrikova VV.  Influence of factors of space flight on properties of bacterial and mushroom cultures at long stay in space in structure of equipment "Bioecology". 6th International Scientific-Practical Conference Manned Spaceflights, Moscow, Russia; 2005 November 10-11

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

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    Related Websites
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    Imagery

    image Bioecologia stowage with independent temperature recorder.
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