Kromka investigates the contamination of critical external surfaces (such as radiators, solar arrays, etc) caused by propulsion thrusters of the various vehicles flying to the ISS and is assessing the efficiency of various gas-dynamic protective devices to minimize thruster contamination.Principal Investigator(s)
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)Sponsoring Organization
Information PendingResearch Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration:
August 2001 - September 2006Expeditions Assigned
3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13Previous ISS Missions
Checkout of the efficiency of operation of gas-dynamic protective devices accommodated on the Service module and designed to protect the ISS surfaces against contaminants produced by pulse activation of control liquid-jet thrusters. Study of the effect of contaminants deposition on the characteristics of materials specimens and external coatings of the ISS elements (radiators, solar array panels, etc.).
Information PendingEarth Applications
Boards with materials specimens.Operational Protocols
Installation of boards with materials specimens on the external surface of the Zvezda Service module (SM) of the ISS RS in the periphery area of the jet of the thrusters nozzles during extravehicular activity. Passive exposure of the boards on the SM external surface. Dismounting of the boards after long-duration exposure during extravehicular activity and their return to the ground for processing of the experiment results.
Assessment of the efficiency of gas-dynamic protective devices and development of recommendations (if necessary) on possible modifications thereof.