Waves: Observation in near Infrared Spectral Band Undulatory Disturbance in the Middle Atmosphere Layers of the Earth of Technogenic and Naturally Occurring Origin (Volny-PK-1 (Waves-PK-1)) - 01.14.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Volny (Waves) records atmospheric phenomena in the Service Module window with two very small cameras. One camera captures the full visual spectrum, and another camera focuses on the wavelength of light emission associated with sprites (sprites are giant flashes of lightning that propagate upward above large thunderstorms, 50-90 km above the Earth's surface).
Science Results for Everyone
Rocks in the road have cracked many car windshields on Earth.  In space, cosmic radiation, micrometeroids, and orbital debris pose a similar risk to equipment on the space station. This investigation assessed that risk by examining the flow and energy levels of cosmic rays during different phases of solar activity and detecting micro-particles around the station.  The measurements are compared with results from computer simulations. Results confirm that the type of detector used can reliably measure both galactic cosmic rays and solar cosmic ray flares, information that can help better protect the space station. Now if we could do something about those road rocks.

The following content was provided by V V. Alpatov, Vladimir Fortov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)

  • V V. Alpatov, Institute of Applied Geophysics, Moscow, Russia
  • Vladimir Fortov, Institute of Extremal States Thermophysics, Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending
    Information Pending

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    March 2001 - October 2005

    Expeditions Assigned

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

    ^ back to top

    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Recording and mapping of the wave processes in upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere by wave-like disturbances in the boundary surface between optically thin and optically dense atmosphere.

    ^ back to top


    Space Applications
    Information Pending

    Earth Applications
    Information Pending

    ^ back to top


    Operational Requirements
    LSO equipment.

    Operational Protocols
    Study wave characteristics at altitudes of upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere depending upon a season and geographic location.

    ^ back to top

    Results/More Information



    ^ back to top

    Related Websites
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

    ^ back to top


    image LSO equipment, including the microcamera unit on a rotary bracket, electronics box and cable set.
    + View Larger Image