Waves: Observation in near Infrared Spectral Band Undulatory Disturbance in the Middle Atmosphere Layers of the Earth of Technogenic and Naturally Occurring Origin (Volny-PK-1 (Waves-PK-1)) - 10.21.14

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Volny (Waves) records atmospheric phenomena in the Service Module window with two very small cameras. One camera captures the full visual spectrum, and another camera focuses on the wavelength of light emission associated with sprites (sprites are giant flashes of lightning that propagate upward above large thunderstorms, 50-90 km above the Earth's surface).

Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by V V. Alpatov, Vladimir Fortov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)

  • V V. Alpatov, Institute of Applied Geophysics, Moscow, Russia
  • Vladimir Fortov, Institute of Extremal States Thermophysics, Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending
    Information Pending
    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    March 2001 - October 2005

    Expeditions Assigned

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Recording and mapping of the wave processes in upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere by wave-like disturbances in the boundary surface between optically thin and optically dense atmosphere.

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    Space Applications
    Information Pending

    Earth Applications
    Information Pending

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    Operational Requirements
    LSO equipment.

    Operational Protocols
    Study wave characteristics at altitudes of upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere depending upon a season and geographic location.

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    Results/More Information
    Looking into a possibility of recording the waves generated by high-power pulse sources of natural and technogenic character at mesospheric altitudes. Recording of atmospheric waves originating from persistent thermospheric sources (atmospheric convection, changes in thermospheric circulation, stream flows, the processes of interacting of surface air flow with the Earth surface relief).

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    Related Websites
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    image LSO equipment, including the microcamera unit on a rotary bracket, electronics box and cable set.
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