Waves: Observation in near Infrared Spectral Band Undulatory Disturbance in the Middle Atmosphere Layers of the Earth of Technogenic and Naturally Occurring Origin (Volny-PK-1 (Waves-PK-1)) - 01.09.14
Science Objectives for Everyone Volny (Waves) records atmospheric phenomena in the Service Module window with two very small cameras. One camera captures the full visual spectrum, and another camera focuses on the wavelength of light emission associated with sprites (sprites are giant flashes of lightning that propagate upward above large thunderstorms, 50-90 km above the Earth's surface).
Science Results for Everyone Information Pending
Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
ISS Expedition Duration:
March 2001 - October 2005
Previous ISS Missions
Recording and mapping of the wave processes in upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere by wave-like disturbances in the boundary surface between optically thin and optically dense atmosphere.
Study wave characteristics at altitudes of upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere depending upon a season and geographic location.
Looking into a possibility of recording the waves generated by high-power pulse sources of natural and technogenic character at mesospheric altitudes. Recording of atmospheric waves originating from persistent thermospheric sources (atmospheric convection, changes in thermospheric circulation, stream flows, the processes of interacting of surface air flow with the Earth surface relief).
- Coordinating Scientific and Technical Council of the Russian Space Agency [Russian]
- Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment
LSO equipment, including the microcamera unit on a rotary bracket, electronics box and cable set.
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