Study of the Stability of a Model of Self-Contained (Closed) Ecological System and Elements, Included in the Model in Microgravity (Akvarium (Aquarium)) - 03.04.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

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In sci-fi movies, people spend years in sleep-like states during space travel. Reality may be less dreamy. Researchers tested long-term dormant states in space in invertebrates and plants and found that the stress of space caused decreased reactivation and weakened embryos post-dormancy in a fish species. Other test subjects showed decreased growth and possible loss of reproductive ability, and some had changes in gene expression. These negative effects remained when dormant cells were reactivated. The results indicate that more in-depth studies on how spaceflight affects dormant organisms are needed before we start sleeping our way through the cosmos.

The following content was provided by V. N. Sychyov, Vladimir Nikolaevich Sychev, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)

  • V. N. Sychyov, Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia
  • Vladimir Nikolaevich Sychev, Ph.D., Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
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    Developer(s)
    Information Pending

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
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    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    April 2005 - April 2008

    Expeditions Assigned
    11,12,13,14,16

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Description
    Study of the capability of long-term storage of resting forms of animal organisms, possible microecological system components in space flight conditions. Determination of the percentage of reactivated specimens. Trade off analysis of reactivated specimens of flight and reference experiments. Study of genome areas (DNA) responsible for diapause formation and depth. Investigation of the nucleotide sequence and synthesis in the corresponding genome areas of proteins-adaptagens and signal proteins involved in the stress response and morphogenesis.

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    Applications

    Space Applications
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    Earth Applications
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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
    Rasteniya Plants kit, Aquarium packs.

    Operational Protocols
    Study of the capability of long-term storage of resting forms of animal organisms, possible microecological system components in space flight conditions. Determination of the percentage of reactivated specimens. Trade off analysis of reactivated specimens of flight and reference experiments. Study of genome areas (DNA) responsible for diapause formation and depth. Investigation of the nucleotide sequence and synthesis in the corresponding genome areas of proteins-adaptagens and signal proteins involved in the stress response and morphogenesis.

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    Results/More Information

    Akvarium bags with resting forms of animal organisms returned to the Earth.

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    Results Publications

      Sychev VN, Levinskikh MA, Podolsky IG, Novikova ND, Gostimsky SA, Alekseev VR, Bingham GE.  Main results of experiments investigating higher plants and dormant forms of organisms on the Russian segment of the International Space Station. Kosmonavtika i Raketostroenie (Cosmonautics and Rocket Engineering). 2007; 4(49): 54-64.

      Gusev OA, Okuda T, Sychev VN, Levinskikh MA, Sugimoto M.  Perspectives of RNA/DNA studies using latent stages of invertebrates and plants exposed to space flight and outer space environments. Space Utilization Research; 2007 344-346.

      Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN.  Using an experimental microcosm to study the effect of spaceflight factors at the ecosystem level of biological organization, State and problems of production hydrobiology. Aquatic Ecology at the Dawn of the XXI Century, Moscow, Russia; 2006 291-305.

      Alekseev VR, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN.  Impact of spaceflight conditions on the dormant stage of lower crustaceans, Akvarium experiments, Space Biology and Medicine. Moscow: Biomedical research on the ISS Russian segment; 2011.

      Gusev OA, Alekseev VR, Saigusa M, Okuda T, Sychev VN.  Molecular chaperons-related studies using latent stages of invertebrates exposed to space environment. Zoological Science. 2006; 23(12): 1227.

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

      Alekseev VR, Sychev VN, Novikova ND.  Studying the Phenomenon of Dormancy: Why it is Important for Space Exploration. Dordrecht: Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates Theory and Human Use; 2007.

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    Related Websites
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    Imagery

    image Rastenia pouch.
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    image Aquarium packs.
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