Educational Demonstration of the Effects of Shape and Size on the Recovery of Precompressed Plastic Material (MATI-75) - 02.25.15

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To celebrate the 150th birthday K.E.Tsiolkovsky, for whom the K.E.Tsiolkovsky Russian State Technological University is named, researchers demonstrated that a piece of plastic exposed to heating and cooling distorts and regains its shape in the same way in both microgravity and on Earth. The distortion is most likely caused by uneven heating by thermal convection, suggesting that a method for even heating is needed in order to use these materials for practical use. Foamed polymer shaped in blocks, a MATI-75 logo and a bas-reilef of Tsiolkovsky were used, and the shape-recovery process captured on video.

The following content was provided by Pyotr Gordeevich Babaevski, A. P. Petrov, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)

  • Pyotr Gordeevich Babaevski, K. E. Tsiolkovsky Russian State Technological University (MATI), Russia
  • A. P. Petrov, Russia

  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
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    Developer(s)
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    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
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    Research Benefits
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    ISS Expedition Duration
    October 2008 - March 2013

    Expeditions Assigned
    18,33/34

    Previous ISS Missions
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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
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    Description
    Space experiment MATI-75 is dedicated to the 75th anniversary of MATI - K.E.Tsiolkovsky Russian State Technological University and 150 th anniversary of the founder of the theoretical space science Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky. It is a demonstration effect of shape recovery of blanks made from cellular polymeric materials. To demonstrate the effect of shape and size recovery and stabilization when exposing to heating and cooling in zero gravity a plastic piece precompressed on the ground. To give students and post-graduate students practical skills in staging a space experiment and conducting ground studies of foamed polymer material structure obtained in the ground and space environments.

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    Applications

    Space Applications
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    Earth Applications
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    Operations

    Operational Requirements
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    Operational Protocols
    Poroplast pouch with original samples Photographic/Video Camera

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    Results/More Information

    Obtained samples: blocks (cubes, cylinders) and promotional materials (MATI-75 logo and K.E.Tsiolkovsky bas-relief); Video records of the plastic foam size and shape recovery process.

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    Results Publications

      Baryshnikov AM, Agapov IG.  The influence of filler orientation in carbon-fiber with a polyurethane matrix on shape memory. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific-Technical Conference: New Materials and Technologies MTM-2010, Moscow, Russia; 2010 November 16-18

      Devicheva OV, Kozlov NA.  The influence of the concentration of catalyzer on the manifestation of shape memory in polyurethane foam. Materials of the All-Russian Scientific-Technical Conference: New Materials and Technologies MTM-2010, Moscow, Russia; 2010 November 16-18

      Devicheva OV.  The influence of nature and the quantity of carbon filler on the properties of polyurethane foam with shape memory. Scientific Works of the International Youth Science Conference; 2010

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

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    Related Websites
    Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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    Imagery

    image NASA Image: ISS018E016600 (5 Jan. 2009) --- Cosmonaut Yury Lonchakov, Expedition 18 flight engineer, configures a video camera for the MATI-75 experiment in the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station.
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    image NASA Image: ISS018E016605 - Closeup view of the MATI-75 experiment in the Zvezda Service Module (SM) during Expedition 18.
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