Physiological Functions (cardio-respiratory) of Humans Using Contactless Methods During Sleep in Long Duration Space Flight (Sonokard) - 05.13.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

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Science Objectives for Everyone
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Science Results for Everyone
Quiet: astronauts sleeping. This investigation evaluated collection of cardiorespiratory data from crewmembers while they sleep, using a device in the breast pocket of a special shirt. This no-contact method allows continuous monitoring without interfering with sleep, and the results confirm that it is practical. Researchers obtained data on pulse and respiratory rate during sleep that is important for evaluating and predicting adaption to long-duration space flight and for monitoring crew health. Nighttime data collected following extra-vehicular activity (EVA), for example, showed that each subsequent EVA increases stress on the autonomous regulation of heart rate and respiration. 

The following content was provided by Irina I. Funtova, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
Irina I. Funtova, Ph.D., Institute of Medical and Biological Problems, Moscow, Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
October 2007 - March 2013

Expeditions Assigned
16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28,29/30,31/32,33/34

Previous ISS Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
To develop proposals for improving the crew health monitoring system using a contactless method of acquiring physiological data in sleep.

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Applications

Space Applications
Information Pending

Earth Applications
Information Pending

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Operations

Operational Requirements
Sonokard set, Sonokard, Sonokard- Data kit, Laptop RSE-Med. Returned to Earth is Sonokard-Data kit with a memory card containing the study results.

Operational Protocols
To improve the system for contactless acquisition of physiological data during sleep using a device in a breast pocket of the Sonokard sports shirt. To study the feasibility of obtaining the maximum of data through computer processing of records obtained overnight. To systematically record the ISS crew physiological functions during sleep. To study the feasibility of obtaining real-time crew health data.

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Results/More Information

Data obtained through contactless acquisition of cardiorespiratory data over the night period could serve as a basis for developing efficient criteria for evaluating and predicting adaptive capability of human body in long-duration space flight. This is important not only from scientific, but also from a practical standpoint for the further development of the system for the crew health real-time monitoring. Such a system will become an important element in manned space flight safety, since it will allow a continuous monitoring of crew health. In addition to this, continuous records of sets of physiological data will permit to gather new information about the state of different levels of physisological functions control, of their co-ordination, and the way they are related to the degree of the body's adaptation to zero-gravity.

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Results Publications

    Fedorova IN, Chernikova AG, Funtova II.  Analysis of heart rate variability in ISS crewmembers during sleep. 11th All-Russian Scientific-Educational Forum Cardiology-2009, MEDI-Ekspo, Moscow, Russia ; 2009

    Slepchenkova IN, Luchitskaya ES, Funtova II, Baevsky RM.  Heart rate variability during sleep in weightlessness. 5th All-Russian Conference on Analyzing Heart Rate Variability, Izhevsk, Russia ; 2011 October 26-28

    Fedorova IN, Funtova II, Chernikova AG, Bogomolov VV, Baevsky RM.  Results and prospects of research experiment Sonocard aboard the International Space Station. 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; 2009 October 12-16

    Baevsky RM, Bogomolov VV, Katuntsev V, Luchitskaya ES, Slepchenkova IN.  How do cosmonauts sleep in microgravity?. 61st International Astronautical Congress, Prague, Czech Republic; 2010 September 27 - October 1

    Fedorova IN, Chernikova AG.  Study of the possibility of obtaining real-time data on ISS crewmember health status using data from the Sonocard experiment. 8th Scientific Conference of Young Scientists, Russia 53-54.

    Baevsky RM, Funtova II, Chernikova AG, Slepchenkova IN.  Research experiment Sonocard onboard the International Space Station: Methodology and opportunities. 14th Congress of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Moscow, Russia  ; 2011 April

    Luchitskaya ES, Funtova II, Katuntsev V, Baevsky RM.  Analysis of heart rate variability during sleep before and after performing a spacewalk. 5th All-Russian Conference on Analyzing Heart Rate Variability, Izhevsk, Russia ; 2011 October 26-28

    Funtova II, Luchitskaya ES, Slepchenkova IN, Chernikova AG, Baevsky RM.  Noninvasive investigation of the body functional state during night sleep in microgravity. Cardiometry. 2014 November 14(5): 50-65. DOI: 10.12710/cardiometry.2014.5.5065.

    Slepchenkova IN, Baevsky RM.  Vegetative regulation of cardiac rhythm during sleep during prolonged isolation. 6th Russian Symposium with International Participation on Slow Oscillation Processes in the Human Body, Novokuznetsk, Russia; 2011 59-65.

    Chernikova AG, Funtova II, Baevsky RM.  Evaluation of functional status of ISS crewmembers based on analysis of heart rate variability. 17th IAA Humans in Space Symposium, Moscow, Russia; 2009

    Funtova II, Luchitskaya ES, Slepchenkova IN, Tank J, Baevsky RM.  Comparative assessment of the results of daytime and nighttime research on heart rate variability on board the International Space Station. 5th All-Russian Conference on Analyzing Heart Rate Variability, Izhevsk, Russia ; 2011 October 26-28

    Baevsky RM, Funtova II, Diedrich A.  Dissociation of peripheral and central cardiovascular adaptation during long term space flight. 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; 2009 October 12-16

    Baevsky RM, Bogomolov VV, Funtova II, Slepchenkova IN, Chernikova AG.  Potentiality of building-up the medical operations system for long-duration space missions by noncontact physiological functions recording during sleep time. Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina (Aerospace and Environmental Medicine). 2009 Nov-Dec; 43(6): 3-8. DOI: 10.1134/S036211971107005X. PMID: 20169731. [Russian. English version: Baevsky, R. M., V. V. Bogomolov, I. I. Funtova, I. N. Slepchenkova, and A. G. Chernikova, ‘Prospects of Medical Monitoring of Long duration Space Flights by Means of Non-contact Recording of Physiological Functions During Sleep Time’, Human Physiology, 37 (2011), 816–820 ]

    Fedorova IN, Funtova II, Chernikova AG, Bogomolov VV, Baevsky RM.  First results of the Sonocard experiment on board the ISS. 17th IAA Humans in Space Symposium, Moscow, Russia; 2009

    Chernikova AG, Funtova II, Baevsky RM.  Evaluation of the functional state of the International Space Station crewmembers on the basis of heart rate variability analysis. 60th International Astronautical Congress, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; 2009 October 12-16

    Luchitskaya ES, Chernikova AG, Funtova II, Baevsky RM.  Analysis of heart rate variability in space medicine.  Results of research on the International Space Station. 4th Russian National Congress on Clinical Electrocardiology, Velikiy Novgorod, Russia; 2010

    Baevsky RM.  Current problems of space cardiology. Human Physiology. 2010 December 24; 36(7): 754-765. DOI: 10.1134/S0362119710070042. [Original Russian Text © R.M. Baevsky, 2008, published in Aviakosmicheskaya i Ekologicheskaya Meditsina, 2008, Vol. 42, No. 6, pp. 19–31.]

    Baevsky RM, Funtova II, Luchitskaya ES, Slepchenkova IN, Chernikova AG, Osipov Y, Katuntsev V.  Application of equipment Sonocard for functional reserves evaluation during extravehicular activity. 62nd International Astronautical Congress, Cape Town, South Africa; 2011

    Funtova II, Baevsky RM, Luchitskaya ES, Slepchenkova IN, Drescher J, Tank J.  Day- vs. night time heart rate variability changes in microgravity: experiments "Pneumocard" and "Sonocard". 62nd International Astronautical Congress, Cape Town, South Africa; 2011

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

    Baevsky RM, Funtova II, Prilutsky DA, Strugov OM, Sedletskiy VS, Chernikova AG.  System of non-contact, uninterrupted recording of heart rate, respiratory rate, and motor activity in cosmonauts for round-the-clock recording of signals. Federal Service for Intellectual Property.73772. June 10 2008.

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Related Publications

    Slepchenkova IN, Luchitskaya ES.  Use of the Sonocard and Pneumocard onboard complexes in a 105-Day experiment for the MARS-500 Project. 4th European Congress Medicine in Space and in Extreme Environments Achievements for Health Care on Earth, Berlin, Germany; 2010

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery