Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station Logistics Carrier (ELC) - 07.29.14

Summary | Overview | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
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The EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC) is a platform designed to support external payloads mounted to the International Space Station (ISS) starboard and port trusses with either deep space or Earth views.

Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending



This content was provided by Gene Cook, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Facility Details

OpNom:

Facility Manager(s)

  • Gene Cook, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States

  • Facility Representative(s)
    Information Pending
    Developer(s)

    Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD)

    ISS Expedition Duration
    September 2012 - March 2013

    Expeditions Assigned
    33/34

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

    Availability

  • Onboard
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    Facility Description

    Facility Overview

    • Cargo space is a precious commodity onboard the space shuttle, and the EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC) is capable of carrying as many as 12 fully integrated payloads, Orbital Replacement Units, or loads of outfitting cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) in the space shuttle cargo bay.


    • Five ELCs are in the ISS baseline and will be mounted on starboard truss 3 (S3) and port truss 3 (P3) through a series of robotic maneuvers that will move them from the space shuttle cargo bay to attachment sites on the ISS.
    The EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to the Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC) is carried in the space shuttle cargo bay to the International Space Station (ISS). Five ELCs will be delivered to the ISS before the space shuttle's retirement in 2010; four ELCs will be attached to starboard truss 3 (S3), and one ELC will be attached to port truss 3 (P3). When the ELC is attached to the S3 and P3 sites, a variety of views?toward the zenith (deep space) or nadir (Earth) with a combination of ram (forward) and wake (aft) pointing?allow many viewing opportunities.

    Each ELC can accommodate 12 Flight Releasable Attachment Mechanism (FRAM)-based cargos, including two payload attach sites with full avionics accommodation. The mass capacity for an ELC is 4,445 kg (9,800 lb) with a volume of 30 m3.

    The ISS provides power to the ELCs through two 3-kW, 120-Vdc feeds at the ISS-to-ELC interface. The ELC power distribution module converts the 120-Vdc power to 120-Vdc and 28-Vdc power. Both power voltages are provided to each payload attach site by separate buses. The 120-Vdc power is also provided to other cargo attach sites. After ELC installation, it may take up to 4 hours for the power to be connected. At the ISS-to-ELC interface, there are two types of data ports: the High-Rate Data Link (HRDL) and the Low-Rate Data Link (LRDL). The HRDL uses fiber optics to provide ISS-to-ELC communication. At the interface between the ELC avionics module and the payload interface, there are three data ports: HRDL, LRDL, and Medium-Rate Data Link (MRDL, Ethernet). For uplink MRDL, Ethernet is used; the ELC avionics module will convert the MRDL signal from HRDL interface and deliver it to each payload attach site. The transmission rate between the ELC avionics module and the payload attach site is no higher than 10 Mbps. Downlink MRDL and HRDL signals will be transmitted from payload attach site to the ELC avionics module by separated buses. The ELC avionics module will combine these two signals for transmission to the ISS using the HRDL interface. The HRDL rate for downlink service to the ground is no higher than 95 Mbps (megabits per second). The LRDL is used for a two-way data and command link between the ELC and each payload attach site via the ELC avionics module at maximum rate of 1 Mbps. External camera ports are also available for the ELC payloads. At least 14 camera port locations along the trusses can be used for payload observation. The EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistic Carriers (ELCs) are delivered to the International Space Station (ISS) in the space shuttle cargo bay. Once on orbit, the ELCs are transferred to the ISS through a series of robotic maneuvers. The ELCs are removed from the space shuttle cargo bay using the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) and transferred to the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). Using the SSRMS, the ELCs are attached to starboard truss 3 (S3) and the port truss 3 (P3) at specific attachment sites. At these sites, the ELCs have power, data, and video capabilities. The ELCs can be detached via robotic maneuvers and returned to Earth in the cargo bay of the space shuttle.

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    Operations

    Facility Operations

    • The fully integrated EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistic Carriers (ELCs) arrive at the International Space Station (ISS) in the space shuttle cargo bay.


    • Through a series of robotic maneuvers, the ELCs are delivered and attached to the S3 or P3 truss.


    • Once attached, the ELCs are able to receive power from the ISS.

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    Results/More Information
    Information Pending

    Results Publications

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

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    Related Websites

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    Imagery

    image Artist's representation of the EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC) mounted to the port truss (P3) on the International Space Station (ISS). (Image provided by NASA)
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    image Artist's representation of the EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Logistics Carrier (ELC) mounted to the starboard truss (S3) on the International Space Station (ISS). (Image provided by NASA)
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    image Computer generated image of the completed International Space Station showing external facilities and platforms. Image courtesy of NASA.
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    image NASA Image: S130E010286 - Expedition 22 / STS-130 joint operations photograph of ELC 2 taken during a survey of the S3 Truss.
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    image Schematic showing the configuration of items on ELC 1 Outboard facing side during the increment 33/34 timeframe. Image courtesy of NASA.
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    image Computer model of a fully loaded ELC platform. Image courtesy of NASA.
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