European Physiology Module (EPM) - 07.29.14

Summary | Overview | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery
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European Physiology Module (EPM) is designed to investigate the effects of short- and long-duration space flight on the human body. It includes equipment for neuroscientific, cardiovascular, and physiological studies.

Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending



This content was provided by Rosario Nasca, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Facility Details

OpNom:

Facility Manager(s)

  • Rosario Nasca, European Space Research and Technology Research Centre, Noordwijk, Netherlands

  • Facility Representative(s)
    Information Pending
    Developer(s)

    OHM Systems, Bremen, , Germany

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    European Space Agency (ESA)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration
    October 2007 - March 2015

    Expeditions Assigned
    16,17,18,19/20,21/22,29/30,31/32,33/34,35/36,37/38,39/40,41/42

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

    Availability
    Information Pending

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    Facility Description

    Facility Overview

    • The European Physiology Module (EPM) enables a better understanding of the effects of space flight on the human body. Research typically includes neuroscientific, cardiovascular, and physiological studies and investigations of metabolic processes.


    • The EPM performs physiological and biomedical tests and transmits the data to Earth for further analysis. The resulting data will provide insight into the human body's processes in a microgravity environment.


    • The EPM provides equipment for the study of the human body, including three science modules: two active modules, CARDIOLAB and MEEMM, and one module (sample collection kit, or SCK) that includes equipment to enable collection of biological samples (blood, urine, and saliva).
    The facility will consist of separate modules in which investigators can install their hardware for study of the human body on the International Space Station (ISS). The Cardiolab (CDL) and the Multi Electrodes Encephalogram Measurement Module (MEEMM) will be initially launched with the EPM facility.

    The European Physiology Module is a double-rack multi-user facility that supports investigations of respiratory and cardiovascular conditions, hormonal and body fluid shift, bone demineralization and neuroscience. The facility is based on a modular design concept to support diverse experiments. Human physiology experiments are aimed primarily at increasing our knowledge of how the human body reacts to long-duration weightlessness. However, this area of research also contributes to an increased understanding of terrestrial problems such as the aging process, osteoporosis, balance disorders, and muscle wasting. Typical research areas include:
    • Neuroscience - Neurovestibular control of posture, balance, and motion sensory coordination

    • Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems - Control of blood volume and distribution; fluid volume shift
      Bone and Muscle Physiology - Muscle deconditioning/atrophy
      Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolism - Hormonal regulation; demineralization
    To correctly evaluate the on-board data, it is essential that reference (or baseline) data are collected prior to flight and following the return of the crewmembers to Earth. For this reason, the EPM facility will provide a Baseline Data Collection Model (BDCM) system that includes functional copies of the on-board instruments. The BDCM will be readily transportable to ensure availability of the equipment for the preflight, launch and postflight activities. The European Physiology Module can run up to three active human body experiments simultaneously. The experiment modules have individual temperature controls that are set per investigator specifications.

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    Operations

    Facility Operations

    • The European Physiology Module (EPM) was installed inside the Columbus module prior to being launched to the International Space Station on the space shuttle.


    • The EPM containers were filled with experiments to study the human body.

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    Results/More Information

    Results Publications

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

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    Related Websites

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    Imagery

    image Testing of one of the experiment modules for European Physiology Module (EPM). Image provided by O. Amend.
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    image NASA Image: ISS016E031846 - European Physiology Module (EPM) installed in the Columbus laboratory. Image taken during Expedition 16.
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    image NASA Image: ISS018E032095: The photo shows Human Research Facility (HRF) rack 2; the European Physiology Module (EPM) is visible. Three-dimensional modeling of International Space Station Interior and Exterior project. Taken for PhotoSynth
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