Investigation of Early Symptoms of Microdestruction of Structures and Instrument Modules in the Russian Segment of ISS (Expert-1) - 05.13.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Investigation of early symptoms of the surface microdestruction of the pressurized body and structures in the ISS RS instrument modules, conducted together with monitoring of temperature-humidity parameters, acoustic fields of ultrasound band and other spaceflight factors which can affect the microdestruction processes. Revealing of possible relations between microdestruction and spaceflight factors. Preparation of proposals for development of the onboard system to reveal early symptoms of microdestruction and updating of methods to prevent microdestruction of the pressurized body and structures in the ISS RS.
Science Results for Everyone
There’s a fungus among us. Microscopic damage to the space station can lead to leaks in the structure. Temperature, humidity, microbes and other spaceflight factors can contribute to the damage. This investigation developed methods for monitoring and tracking these factors. Researchers also identified 30 potential problem areas that will be inspected regularly. Half of them are contaminated with fungi and bacteria. Monitoring also identified areas with insufficient air cooling, and proved that poor airflow contributes to microbial contamination. Images of fungi were stored in a database to help crewmembers identify them on the hull of the station.

The following content was provided by V V. Borisov, Oleg Alexeevich Saprykin, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)
V V. Borisov, TSNIIMASH, Korolyov, Russia
Oleg Alexeevich Saprykin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (TSNIIMASH), Russia

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Information Pending

Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
Information Pending

Research Benefits
Information Pending

ISS Expedition Duration
April 2008 - March 2010

Expeditions Assigned
17,18,19/20,21/22

Previous ISS Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview
Information Pending

Description
Development of routes to provide monitoring of possible microdestruction zones based on the mapping results of background fields inside the ISS RS modules. Development of the initial option for the parameter data base providing a reliable identification of microdestruction growth symptoms. Assessment of a capability to use the temperature-humidity methods for probing, acoustic direction-finding, record of the surface microcondition onboard the station to develop the onboard system for early detection of microdestruction areas of the pressurized body, structures and hardware for the ISS RS.

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Applications

Space Applications
Information Pending

Earth Applications
Information Pending

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Operations

Operational Requirements
Bar SH consisting of: Remote infrared thermometer Kelvin-video; Thermohygrometer Iva-6A; Hot-wire anemometer-thermometer TM-2; Ultrasound analyzer AU-01; Leak detector UT2-03. Kit with test-tubes for sampling from surfaces inside the article.

Operational Protocols
Information Pending

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Results/More Information

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Results Publications

    Deshevaya EA, Shubralova EV, Novikova ND, Polikarpov NA.  Results of intravehicular environment influence on pressure body state studies conducted in space experiments "Bar" and "Expert" on-board ISS in 2008-2011 . Space Forum 2011 Dedicated on 50th Anniversary for Yu. A. Gagarin Flight, Moscow, Russia; 2011 October 18-21

    Deshevaya EA, Novikova ND, Polikarpov NA, Borisov VV, Shubralova EV, Burlakova AA, Kononenko OD, Neznamova LO.  Results analysis of space experiments "Bar" and "Expert" conducted on-board ISS Russian segment: Perspectives of "Bar" equipment kit application for detection of potentially dangerous areas for ISS pressure body microdistruction processes extention. 6th International Aerospace Congress, Moscow, Russia ; 2010

    Deshevaya EA, Shubralova EV, Novikova ND, Borisov VV, Kononenko OD, Polikarpov NA.  Testing and evaluation of a method for locating potentially hazardous sites of eventual microdestruction and detecting marks of ISS RS hull leakage. Acta Astronautica. 2011 May-Jun; 68(9-10): 1555-1559. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2010.10.006.

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

    Zyablov VA, Deshevaya EA, Novikova ND, Shubralova EV, Scherbakov EV.  The method of destruction of bio-destructor microorganisms on surfaces of the ISS habitable modules. Federal Service for Intellectual Property.2372942. November 20 2009.

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Related Publications

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery

image NASA Image: ISS020E035017 - Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka, Expedition 20 commander, uses the Russian BAR/EXPERT science payload to take various environmental measurements in the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station.
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image NASA Image: ISS020E035022 - Russian cosmonaut Roman Romanenko, Expedition 20 flight engineer, uses the Russian BAR/EXPERT science payload to take various environmental measurements in the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station.
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