Influence of Factors of the Space Environment on the Condition of the System of Microorganisms-Hosts Relating to the Problem of Environmental Safety of Flight Techniques and Planetary Quarantine (Biorisk-KM) - 01.09.14

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone Biorisk is looking at the effects of microbial bacteria and fungus on structural materials used in spacecraft construction. Specifically this study will be investigating the effects of how changes in solar activity affect the growth of these microbes.

Science Results for Everyone Information Pending

This content was provided by Natalia Novikova, Nataliya D. Novikova, Ph.D., and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.

Experiment Details


Principal Investigator(s)

  • Natalia Novikova, Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (IMBP RAS), Russia
  • Nataliya D. Novikova, Ph.D., Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
  • Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
    Information Pending

    Information Pending

    Sponsoring Space Agency
    Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

    Sponsoring Organization
    Information Pending

    Research Benefits
    Information Pending

    ISS Expedition Duration:
    June 2002 - September 2013

    Expeditions Assigned

    Previous ISS Missions
    Information Pending

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    Experiment Description

    Research Overview
    Information Pending

    Acquisition of new data on possible manifestations (boundaries) of phenotypic adaptation and genotypic changes in bacterial and fungus associations forming a typical microbiota of structural materials used in space technology.

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    Space Applications
    Information Pending

    Earth Applications
    Information Pending

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    Operational Requirements
    Biorisk-KM Kit, Biorisk-MCB Container.

    Operational Protocols
    Accommodation and exposure of "passive" samples of structural materials and "microorganisms - substrates" systems inside the ISS Service Module.

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    Results/More Information
    Prediction of resistance of space technology materials to microbiological factor and development of recommendations to mitigate the risk of microbiological damage. Assessment of impact of cyclic changes of the Solar activity to characteristics of bacterial and fungus flora with regard to factors of phenotypic and genotypic variability, resistance factors and aggressive properties. Assessment of fundamental capability to maintain viability of microorganisms on long-term space exposure (as compared with the Earth-to-Mars flight).

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    Results Publications

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    Ground Based Results Publications

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    ISS Patents

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    Related Publications

      Bartlett JD, Scicchitano DA, Robison SH.  
      Two expressed human genes sustain slightly more DNA damage after alkylating agent treatment than an inactive gene
      Mutation Research
      . 1991 Nov; 255(3): 247-256. PMID: 1719396.

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    Related Websites

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    image Biorisk KM kit.
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    image Biorisk MCB container.
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    image ISS028-E-018265 (21 July 2011) --- Russian cosmonaut Alexander Samokutyaev, Expedition 28 flight engineer, works with a Biorisk-MSN experiment container in the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station
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