Biorisk is looking at the effects of microbial bacteria and fungus on structural materials used in spacecraft construction. Specifically this study will be investigating the effects of how changes in solar activity affect the growth of these microbes.Principal Investigator(s)
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)Sponsoring Organization
Information PendingResearch Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration:
June 2002 - September 2011Expeditions Assigned
5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,27/28Previous ISS Missions
Acquisition of new data on possible manifestations (boundaries) of phenotypic adaptation and genotypic changes in bacterial and fungus associations forming a typical microbiota of structural materials used in space technology.
Information PendingEarth Applications
Biorisk-KM Kit, Biorisk-MCB Container.Operational Protocols
Accommodation and exposure of "passive" samples of structural materials and "microorganisms - substrates" systems inside the ISS Service Module.
Prediction of resistance of space technology materials to microbiological factor and development of recommendations to mitigate the risk of microbiological damage. Assessment of impact of cyclic changes of the Solar activity to characteristics of bacterial and fungus flora with regard to factors of phenotypic and genotypic variability, resistance factors and aggressive properties. Assessment of fundamental capability to maintain viability of microorganisms on long-term space exposure (as compared with the Earth-to-Mars flight).
Baranov VM, Polikarpov NA, Novikova ND, Deshevaya EA, Poddubko SV, Svistunova IV, Tsetlin VV. Main results of the Biorisk experiment on the International Space Station. Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina. 2006 May-Jun; 40(3): 3-9. [Russian]
Novikova ND, Gusev OA, Levinskikh MA, Sychev VN, Deshevaya EA, Polikarpov NA, Alekseev VR, Okuda T, Sugimoto M, Grigoriev AI. Survival of Dormant Organisms After Long-term Exposure to the Space Environment. Acta Astronautica. 2011; 68(9-10): 1574?1580. DOI: 10.1016/jactaastro.2010.05.019.
Baranov VM, Novikova ND, Levinskikh MA, Gusev OA, Sychev VN, Polikarpov NA, Alekseev VR, Okuda T, Sugimoto T, Grigoriev AI. The Biorisk Experiment: 13-month Exposure of Resting Forms of Organism on the Outer Side of the Russian Segment of the International Space Station: Preliminary Results. Doklady Biological Sciences. 2009 Jun; 426(1): 267-270. DOI: 10.1134/S0012496609030223. PMID: 19650335.
Shagimardanova E, Novikova ND, Gusev OA, Ishii M, Levinskikh MA, Mori IC, Sychev VN, Kihara M, Hoki T, Sugimoto M, Grigoriev AI. Viability of Barley Seeds After Long-term Exposure to Outer Side of International Space Station. Advances in Space Research. 2011(6): 1155-1160. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2011.05.017.