NanoRacks-Planet Labs-Dove (NanoRacks-Planet Labs-Dove ) - 07.01.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
NanoRacks-Planet Labs-Dove is a fleet of nanosatellites deployed from the International Space Station to take images of Earth from space. The satellites are designed, built and operated by Planet Labs Inc., which provides the imagery to a variety of users. The satellites focus on areas within 52 degrees of Earth’s equator, where most human populations and agricultural areas are located, and they revisit the same areas more frequently than any existing government or commercial satellites. The images have several humanitarian and environmental applications, from monitoring deforestation and urbanization to improving natural disaster relief and agricultural yields in developing nations.  
Science Results for Everyone
Information Pending

The following content was provided by Shannon Spanhake, and is maintained in a database by the ISS Program Science Office.
Experiment Details

OpNom: NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer

Principal Investigator(s)
Robbie Schingler, M.S., Planet Labs, San Francisco, CA, United States

Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
Information Pending

Developer(s)
Planet Labs Inc., San Francisco, CA, United States
NanoRacks LLC, Webster, TX, United States

Sponsoring Space Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Sponsoring Organization
National Laboratory (NL)

Research Benefits
Earth Benefits, Scientific Discovery, Space Exploration

ISS Expedition Duration
September 2013 - Ongoing

Expeditions Assigned
37/38,39/40,41/42,43/44,45/46

Previous ISS Missions
Information Pending

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Experiment Description

Research Overview

  • The Earth is a constantly changing planet, and many vitally important changes are happening on a global scale. Humanity needs better tools to help monitor the Earth so that we can collectively make better informed decisions that affect our lives and the lives of generations to come.
  • NanoRacks-Planet Labs-Dove images the Earth with a fleet of nanosatellites, and Planet Labs makes that data accessible to those who need it the most.
  • NanoRacks-Planet Labs-Dove data has a significant impact on a variety of applications, including deforestation monitoring, disaster response, and agricultural management.

Description
NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove collects Earth imagery with a resolution of 3 to 5 meters at a global-scale with a revisit rate currently unprecedented among existing government or commercial satellite systems. NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove collects imagery of latitudes within 52 degrees of the equator, an area that covers the vast majority the world’s population and agricultural regions. Sample imagery collected by previous and current Planet Labs satellite missions may be accessed at www.planet.com/gallery/.
 
Orbital-1
Planet Labs is launching NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of 28 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 1”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis.  Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.
 
Orbital-2
Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, another fleet of 28 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 1b”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with, and eventually will replace Flock 1 to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis.   Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.
 
Orbital-3 – Vehicle Lost During Launch
Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of 26 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 1d”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with, and will eventually replace Flock 1b to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis. Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.
 
SpaceX-5
Planet Labs is launching 2 Earth imaging nanosatellites from the most recent fleet of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, collectively known as “Flock 1d’” (pronounced “Flock 1-dee-prime”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites are a quick turnaround replacement for the satellites lost on the failed Orbital-3 launch.

SpaceX-6
Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of 28 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 1e”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with the Dove satellites already in orbit to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis. Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.

 

SpaceX-7

Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of 8 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 1f”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with the Dove satellites already in orbit to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis. Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.

 

H-II Transfer Vehicle-5

Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of 14 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 2b”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with the Dove satellites already in orbit to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis. Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.

 

SpaceX-8

Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of 8 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 2d”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with the Dove satellites already in orbit to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis. Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.

 

Orbital-4

Planet Labs is launching the next installment of the NanoRacks-Planet Labs–Dove series, a fleet of up to 42 Earth imaging nanosatellites individually known as the “Dove” satellites, and collectively known as “Flock 2e”, to image the changing planet. These nanosatellites work in unison with the Dove satellites already in orbit to enable imagery of the entire planet to be taken on a more frequent basis. Applications include mapping and monitoring agriculture, deforestation, and disaster relief.

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Applications

Space Applications
Planet Labs develops and builds small, highly capable satellites that use advanced electronics and computers. The satellites' small form factor can be repurposed for a variety of missions. The satellites are delivered to the International Space Station on cargo resupply missions and are deployed from the ISS, taking advantage of already-existing infrastructure and frequent access to space.

Earth Applications
The fleet of Dove satellites collects Earth imagery with a resolution of 3 to 5 meters at a global scale. These images are used to improve environmental monitoring and agricultural management, as well as track natural disasters and responses to them. Users include the real estate and construction industry, the financial services and insurance industry, and scientific and academic researchers.
 

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Operations

Operational Requirements
N/A

Operational Protocols
NanoRacks CubeSats are delivered to the ISS already integrated within a NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer (NRCSD). A crew member transfers the NRCSDs, pre-assembled in groups of 4, from the launch vehicle to the JEM. Visual inspection for damage to each NRCSD quad-pack is performed. When CubeSat deployment operations begin, the NRCSD quad-packs are unpacked, mounted on the JAXA Multi-Purpose Experiment Platform (MPEP) and placed on the JEM airlock slide table for transfer outside the ISS. A crew member operates the JEM Remote Manipulating System (JRMS) – to grapple and position for deployment. CubeSats are deployed when JAXA ground controllers command a specific NRCSD.

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Results/More Information

Information Pending

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Related Websites
NanoRacks
Planet Labs

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Imagery

image Imagery taken from Planet Labs’ first constellation, Flock 1. July 2014. Image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc.
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Imagery taken from Planet Labs technology demonstrator, Dove 1 satellite on April 24, 2013. Image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc.

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Twenty-eight Planet Labs Dove satellites ready for launch. Image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc.

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Two Planet Labs Dove satellites being deployed from the ISS in February 2014. Image courtesy of NASA.

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Planet Labs imagery from website gallery www.planet.com/gallery/. Image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc.

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