Regulation and Biomechanics of Respiration in Space Flight (Dykhanie) - 05.13.15

Overview | Description | Applications | Operations | Results | Publications | Imagery

ISS Science for Everyone

Science Objectives for Everyone
Dykhanie (Breathing) investigation studies the fundamental physiological mechanisms of external breathing function under long-duration space flight conditions.
Science Results for Everyone
Don’t forget to breathe! This investigation looked at the mechanics of breathing in space. Data analysis showed no statistically significant changes in the volume or rate at which crew members breathe.  However, the method by which breathing at rest is voluntarily controlled was affected by the transition from Earth to spaceflight and vice versa. The changes include increase in duration between breaths, decrease in variability of breathing pattern, and shifts in the voluntary control of respiratory movements. These are likely caused by changes in the body’s breathing regulation system and require further study.

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Experiment Details

OpNom:

Principal Investigator(s)

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Co-Investigator(s)/Collaborator(s)
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Developer(s)
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Sponsoring Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

Sponsoring Organization
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Research Benefits
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ISS Expedition Duration
April 2007 - September 2010

Expeditions Assigned
15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24

Previous ISS Missions
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Experiment Description

Research Overview
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Description
Study of respiration regulation and biomechanics under space flight conditions

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Applications

Space Applications
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Earth Applications
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Operations

Operational Requirements
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Operational Protocols
Dykhanie-1 set, Nominal hardware: Laptop RSE-Med

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Results/More Information

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Results Publications

    Suvorov AV, Bogomolov VV.  Medical support and bio-medical studies on ISS and perspectives for collaboration. Microgravity Sciences II, Malaysia; 2009 November 23-24

    Popova JA, Baranov VM, Suvorov AV, Dyachenko AI, Kolesnikov VI, Minyaev VI, Minyaeva AV.  Features of external respiration and its regulation in long-term spaceflight. XXI Congress of the I.P. Pavlov Physiological Society, Kaluga, Russia; 2010 September 19-25 497.

    Baranov VM, Suvorov AV, Dyachenko AI, Popova JA, Minyaeva AV, Kolesnikov VI.  Respiration and respiratory control in long-term spaceflight. 17th IAA Humans in Space Symposium, Moscow, Russia; 2009 June 7-11 129-130.

    Morukov BV, Suvorov AV, Nichiporuk IA.  Biomedical research to improve medical monitoring, countermeasures, and mitigate the negative effects of interplanetary manned spaceflight factors. 44th K.E. Tsiolkovsky Scientific Readings, Kaluga, Russia; 2009

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Ground Based Results Publications

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ISS Patents

    Baevsky RM, Baranov VM, Bersenev YY, Funtova II, Semyonov YN, Grigoriev AI, Prilutsky DA.  Method of determining functional reserves for regulating the human cardio-respiratory system. Federal Service for Intellectual Property.2240035. November 20 2004.

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Related Publications

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Related Websites
Energia - Science Research on the ISS Russian Segment

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Imagery