Information PendingPrincipal Investigator(s)
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)Sponsoring Organization
Information PendingResearch Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration:
December 2001 - April 2005Expeditions Assigned
4,5,6,7,8,9,10Previous ISS Missions
Investigation of optical emissions in the Earth atmosphere and ionosphere associated with thunderstorm and seismic activity.
Information PendingEarth Applications
VFS-3M video photometry system, LSO equipment.Operational Protocols
Development tests of methods for monitoring of thunderstorm activity, optical emissions of the Earth atmosphere and ionosphere under different geographic and geophysical conditions. Obtaining statistical data on global distribution of thunderstorm activity in lower and middle latitudes. Investigation of night sky luminescence over areas of seismic activity.
Magneto-optical disk with digital video recording of observations (no less than 10 minutes per one session) returned for analysis. Ballistic data for control of measurement results, including ISS attitude and altitude, geographic coordinates of a subsatellite point, angle of the Sun and angle of the Moon must also be transmitted. Original and decoded telemetry information on equipment state, operational modes and detected events of lightning.