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Three Years of SDO Images
May 10, 2013

UPDATE: NASA scientist narrated version of video added below.

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04.22.13

In the three years since it first provided images of the sun in the spring of 2010, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory has had virtually unbroken coverage of the sun's rise toward solar maximum, the peak of solar activity in its regular 11-year cycle. This video shows those three years of the sun at a pace of two images per day.

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SDO's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly captures a shot of the sun every 12 seconds in 10 different wavelengths. The images shown here are based on a wavelength of 171 angstroms, which is in the extreme ultraviolet range and shows solar material at around 600,000 kelvins (about 1.08 million F). In this wavelength it is easy to see the sun's 25-day rotation as well as how solar activity has increased over three years.

During the course of the video, the sun subtly increases and decreases in apparent size. This is because the distance between the SDO spacecraft and the sun varies over time. The image is, however, remarkably consistent and stable despite the fact that SDO orbits Earth at 6,876 mph and Earth orbits the sun at 67,062 mph.

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Such stability is crucial for scientists, who use SDO to learn more about our closest star. These images have regularly caught solar flares and coronal mass ejections in the act, types of space weather that can send radiation and solar material toward Earth and interfere with satellites in space. SDO's glimpses into the violent dance on the sun help scientists understand what causes these giant explosions - with the hopes of some day improving our ability to predict this space weather.

Karen C. Fox
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.

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NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center heliophysicist Alex Young narrates and highlights events featured in this video showing three years of SDO data.
Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
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NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
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This solar image is a composite of 25 separate images spanning the period of April 16, 2012, to April 15, 2013.
This image is a composite of 25 separate images spanning the period of April 16, 2012, to April 15, 2013. It uses the SDO AIA wavelength of 171 angstroms and reveals the zones on the sun where active regions are most common during this part of the solar cycle.
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NASA/SDO/AIA/S. Wiessinger
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Page Last Updated: April 4th, 2014
Page Editor: Holly Zell