Browse Archive

  • This illustration shows the locations and interactions of volatiles on Mars

    Volatiles on Mars

    This illustration shows the locations and interactions of volatiles on Mars. Volatiles are molecules that readily evaporate, converting to their gaseous form, such as water and carbon dioxide. On Mars...

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  • The plot on the left shows new results from the Sample Analysis at Mars. Mars and Martian meteorites found on Earth shown on the right.

    Weighing Molecules on Mars

    The plot on the left shows new results from the Sample Analysis at Mars, or SAM, instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover. The instrument measured levels of different gas isotopes in the atmosphere. Isoto...

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  • High-Resolution Self-Portrait by Curiosity Rover Arm Camera

    High-Resolution Self-Portrait by Curiosity Rover Arm Camera

    On Sol 84 (Oct. 31, 2012), NASA's Curiosity rover used the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) to capture this set of 55 high-resolution images, which were stitched together to create this full-color self-p...

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  • Various X-ray diffraction instruments

    X-ray Diffraction, Big and Small

    A conventional X-ray diffraction instrument (left) is the size of a large refrigerator, in contrast to the compact size of the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover (t...

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  • Detector for CheMin

    Detector for CheMin

    This charged couple device (CCD) is part of the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover. When CheMin directs X-rays at a sample of soil, this imager, which is the size o...

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  • The cells that hold the soil samples that are vibrated by the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover.

    Shake it up, CheMin

    This image shows the cells that hold the soil samples that are vibrated by the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover. When the rover delivers samples to CheMin, they a...

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  • This pair of images from the Mast Camera on NASA's Curiosity rover shows the upper portion of a wind-blown deposit dubbed

    Wind-Blown Martian Sand

    This pair of images from the Mast Camera on NASA's Curiosity rover shows the upper portion of a wind-blown deposit dubbed "Rocknest." The rover team recently commanded Curiosity to take a scoop of soi...

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  • This pair of images shows a

    Curiosity Digs In

    This pair of images shows a "bite mark" where NASA's Curiosity rover scooped up some Martian soil (left), and the scoop carrying soil. The first scoop sample was taken from the "Rocknest" patch of dus...

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  • First X-ray view of Martian soil

    First X-ray View of Martian Soil

    This graphic shows results of the first analysis of Martian soil by the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) experiment on NASA's Curiosity rover. The image reveals the presence of crystalline feldspar, ...

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  • Martian soil examined by the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument

    Olivine on Earth

    The Martian soil examined by the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument on NASA's Curiosity rover shows the diffraction signature, or "fingerprint," of the mineral olivine, shown here on Earth i...

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  • Dust devils tearing across the Martian landscape

    Dust Devils Stirring It Up

    This set of images from NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit shows dust devils tearing across the Martian landscape inside Gusev Crater. These wind-driven events stir up the soil and can be part of gl...

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  • Rock 'Burwash' near Curiosity, sol 82

    Rock 'Burwash' Near Curiosity, Sol 82

    This focus-merge image from the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) on the arm of NASA's Mars rover Curiosity shows a rock called "Burwash." The rock has a coating of dust on it. The coarser, visible grains...

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  • Rock 'Et-Then' near Curiosity, sol 82

    Rock 'Et-Then' Near Curiosity, Sol 82

    The Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) on the arm of NASA's Mars rover Curiosity took this image of a rock called "Et-Then" during the mission's 82nd sol, or Martian day (Oct. 29, 2012.)

    The r...

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  • Scenes of the Curiosity rover, the space shuttle, and the famed NASA meatball logo adorn a mural at P.S. 328 in Brooklyn, New York.

    New York City Students Trace 'Red Road to Mars'

    Scenes of the Curiosity rover, the space shuttle, and the famed NASA "meatball" logo adorn a mural at P.S. 328 in Brooklyn, New York. School officials, NASA scientists, and Brooklyn-based recording ar...

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  • Bright particle in hole dug by scooping

    Bright Particle in Hole Dug by Scooping of Martian Soil

    This image shows part of the small pit or bite created when NASA's Mars rover Curiosity collected its second scoop of Martian soil at a sandy patch called "Rocknest." The bright particle near the cent...

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  • Third scoopful of material collected

    First Sample Placed on Curiosity's Observation Tray

    The robotic arm on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity delivered a sample of Martian soil to the rover's observation tray for the first time during the mission's 70th Martian day, or sol (Oct. 16, 2012). This...

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  • Curiosity's first three bites into martian ground

    Curiosity's First Three Bites Into Martian Ground

    Three bite marks left in the Martian ground by the scoop on the robotic arm of NASA's Mars rover Curiosity are visible in this image taken by the rover's right Navigation Camera during the mission's 6...

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  • This image contributed to an interpretation by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity science team that some of the bright particles on the ground near the rover are native Martian material.

    Bright Particle of Martian Origin in Scoop Hole

    This image contributed to an interpretation by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity science team that some of the bright particles on the ground near the rover are native Martian material. Other light-toned ma...

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  • This image from the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity shows a small bright object on the ground beside the rover at the 'Rocknest' site.

    Small Debris on the Ground Beside Curiosity

    This image from the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity shows a small bright object on the ground beside the rover at the "Rocknest" site. The object is just below the ...

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  • This 360-degree scene shows the surroundings of the location where NASA Mars rover Curiosity arrived on the 59th Martian day, or sol, of the rover's mission on Mars (Oct. 5, 2012).

    Curiosity's Location During First Scooping

    This 360-degree scene shows the surroundings of the location where NASA Mars rover Curiosity arrived on the 59th Martian day, or sol, of the rover's mission on Mars (Oct. 5, 2012). It is a mosaic of i...

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