Remnants of Hurricane John Bring Rain to Southwest U.S.
Hurricane Season 2006: John (Pacific)
Hurricane John was a Category 2 hurricane with sustained winds of 110 mph when
it struck near the southern tip of Mexico's Baja Peninsula late on Friday,
September 1, but officials reported only minor damage. The area hardest hit was
La Paz, the capital of Baja California del Sur state, where up to 20 inches of
rain had fallen.
By early Monday, September 4, the storm's maximum sustained winds had slowed to
about 30 mph, well below the threshold for a tropical storm, as it slowly moved
northwestward up the spine of the narrow Baja Peninsula.
On Tuesday, September 5, much of the southwestern United States was under clouds
and rain as the remnants of John moved closer to the region. The normally dry
region of southern New Mexico got enough rain to cause isolated road flooding,
John's remnants brought southern Arizona scattered rain, and showers were
forecast in desert areas of Southern California east through west Texas.
MODIS Captures John
Click image to enlarge.
This photo-like image of Hurricane John was acquired by the Moderate Resolution
Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua satellite on August 31 2006, at
2:10 p.m. local time (20:10 UTC), when the storm's maximum sustained winds were
around 105 miles per hour. At the time of this image, John's center was still
offshore, but it soon made landfall on the southern tip of Mexico's Baja
Peninsula. Image Credit: NASA/MODIS Rapid Response Team -- Image Caption: NASA/RSIS, Mike Bettwy
CloudSat Watches Hurricane John
Click on image to enlarge.
These two images are from two different satellites, giving a top-down and sideway view of Hurricane John in the eastern Pacific Ocean at 0830 UTC (4:30 a.m. EDT) Aug. 30.
The top image is from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) to give an idea of how the storm looked from the top. This data was processed by NASA's GOES Project at the Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. The bottom images are from CloudSat. The CloudSat image (bottom) was taken from NASA's CloudSat satellite on Aug. 30. The two images match well and indicate the cloud patterns in the storm.
The red and purple areas on the CloudSat image (bottom) indicate large amounts of cloud water. The blue areas along the top of the clouds indicate cloud ice, while the wavy blue lines on the bottom center of the image indicate intense rainfall, peaking around the core of the storm. The solid line along the bottom of the panel, which is the ground, disappears in these areas of intense precipitation. Image credit: NASA/JPL/The Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA), Colorado State University/NOAA -- Caption: Mike Bettwy, NASA/RSIS, from NHC and wire reports
Click on image to enlarge.
Hurricane John captured by the visible light/near- infrared sensor on the AIRS instrument on Aug 31 at 1200 UTC (8:00 a.m. EDT). This is what John looks like to the naked eye. Image Credit: NASA/JPL -- Caption: NASA/RSIS, Mike Bettwy
Warnings for Mexico's Baja California Peninsula
As of 1500 UTC (11:00 a.m. EDT) Sep. 1, a hurricane warning remains in effect for the southern Baja Peninsula from San Everisto southward on the east coast and from Bahia Magdalena southward on the west coast. A hurricane watch remains in effect from Bahia Magdalena to Punta Abreojos.
A tropical storm warning also remains in effect for the central Baja Peninsula from Punta Abreojos southward to Bahia Magdalena on the west coast and northward from San Everisto to Loreto on the east coast. A tropical storm watch remains in effect from Loreto northward to Mulege.
Where is John on Fri. Sep. 1?
At 1500 UTC (11:00 a.m. EDT) the center of Hurricane John was near latitude 22.0 north, longitude 108.8 west or about 95 miles southeast of the southern tip of Baja California and about 160 miles west-northwest of Las Islas Maris, Mexico. John is moving toward the northwest near 7 mph and will be very close to the southern Baja Peninsula late in the day.
Baja Peninsula: High Winds, Storm Surge, Heavy Rains, and Mudslides
John is a dangerous Category 3 hurricane with maximum sustained winds near 115 mph and is expected to strike the southern tip of the Baja Peninsula late Friday. Little change in intensity is expected over the next 24 hours.
Hurricane force winds extend outward up to 30 miles from the center and tropical storm force winds extend outward up to 105 miles. The estimated central pressure is 954 millibars.
Coastal storm surge flooding of up to 5 feet above normal tide levels, combined with large and dangerous waves are expected in areas of onshore flow near the path of the center of the hurricane.
Rainfall amounts of 6 to 10 inches, with isolated maximum storm totals up to 15 inches are possible across the southern Baja Peninsula. The west coast of central Mexico could receive an additional 3 to 5 inches of rain with maximum storm totals of 18 inches possible. These rains could cause life-threatening flash floods and mudslides over areas of mountainous terrain.
In preparation for the storm, officials on Thursday ordered the evacuation of about 10,000 people from Cabo San Lucas and San Jose del Cabo and at least 5,000 others from La Paz, the capital of the state of Baja California del Sur. Shelters had been set up at more than 100 schools. Shop owners and hotels boarded up windows and workers stripped rooms of light fixtures and furniture, in case plate-glass windows were shattered. Long lines snaked from gas stations and grocery store shelves were picked clean of many items.
John's Long-Term Future: Open Waters of the Pacific
Forecasters believe John will begin moving more rapidly in about 12 hours and should continue on a northwest track before turning more westerly. As John clears the Baja Peninsula and travels over cooler water, the storm should begin weakening rapidly in about 48 hours, ultimately dissipating over the open water of the Pacific.
Hurricanes John and Kristy Put Mexico on Alert
The 2006 East Pacific hurricane season is now in full swing with 2 active storms
in the heart of the season. The total number of named storms so far is near the
climatological average and near the number from last year. Recently, Tropical
Storm Kristy became the 11th named storm of the 2006 season. However, in terms
of intense storms, this year's pace is well above normal and far outdistances
the 2005 season. When Hurricane John reached Category 3 intensity on the 29th
of August 2006, it became the 5th major hurricane of the season. There were
only two major hurricanes in 2005 with four being the typical average for the
Category Three Winds Expected to Affect the Mexican Coast from John
At 5:00 a.m. PDT the center of Hurricane John was located near latitude 19.0
north, longitude 105.8 west or about 95 miles west of Manzanillo, Mexico and
about 100 miles south of Cabo Corrientes, Mexico. John is moving toward the
west-northwest near 14 mph, however, a small deviation in the track could bring
the center onshore within the hurricane warning area. Although the center of
John is forecast to remain offshore, winds to hurricane force are expected
within the hurricane warning area. Maximum sustained winds are near 125 mph
with higher gusts. John is a category three hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson
scale. Estimated minimum central pressure is 950 millibars, and rainfall
amounts of 6 to 10 inches with isolated amounts to 18 inches are possible in
the warning areas. Coastal storm surge flooding of up to 5 feet above normal
tide levels along with large and dangerous battering waves can be expected near
the center of John.
Hurricane Warnings Posted in Mexico
At 0900 UTC (2:00 a.m. PDT) on Thurs. Aug. 31, a hurricane warning is in effect
along the Pacific coast of mainland Mexico from Lazaro Cardenas to San Blas and
for Islas Marias. A hurricane warning is also in effect for the Southern Baja
Peninsula from La Pas southward on the east coast, and from Santa Fe southward
on the west coast. A tropical storm warning is in effect from San Blas to
What's Happening in Mexico?
On Aug. 31, Mexican authorities notified coastal area residents in Jalisco and
Michoacan to prepare for hurricane conditions. Authorities in Jalisco ordered
the evacuation of 8,000 people and urged others to board up their homes. Winds
and rain already uprooted trees and caused mudslides in the seaside tourist
resort of Acapulco.
Hurricane Kristy West of Hurricane John, in the Open Pacific Waters
At 0900 UTC (2:00 a.m. PDT) on Thurs. Aug, 31, Hurricane Kristy was located near
17.6 north and 116.1 west, moving to the northwest near 5 knots (6 mph).
Kristy's maximum sustained winds are near 65 knots (74 mph) making her a
category one storm. The National Hurricane Center expects further strengthening
in the next 24 hours. At present, her minimum central pressure is 987 millibars.
A Satellite View of the Storms
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite (known as TRMM) was placed
into service in November of 1997. From its low-earth orbit, TRMM can provide
valuable images and information on tropical cyclones around the Tropics using a
combination of passive microwave and active radar sensors. TRMM is well-suited
to help monitor hurricane activity in the East Pacific.
Currently, powerful Hurricane John, which reached Category 4 intensity on the
30th, is still offshore but dangerously close to the west coast of Mexico.
Click on images to enlarge.
This first image was captured by TRMM at 02:47 UTC 30 August (7:47 pm PDT 29 August) 2006.
It shows the horizontal distribution of rain intensity (top down view) within
John as viewed by TRMM. Rain rates in the center of the swath are from the
TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR), and those in the outer swath are from the TRMM
Microwave Imager (TMI).
These rain rates are overlaid on infrared (IR) data from the TRMM Visible
Infrared Scanner (VIRS). It is evident from this image that John has a
well-organized, intense circulation as supported by the tight banding
(curvature) in the rain bands (green arcs with areas of red, which indicate
bands of moderate rain with areas of heavy rain) surrounding a well-defined eye
with a complete inner eyewall (inner most green ring). At the time of this
image, John was still a Category 3 hurricane with maximum sustained winds
reported at 100 knots (115 mph) by the National Hurricane Center (NHC).
John is forecast to remain just offshore but very close to Mexico before
approaching the southern tip of Baja California later in the week.
Meanwhile, about 1600 kilometers off to the west, Tropical Storm Kristy is
gaining strength. This next image was taken by TRMM at 12:35 UTC (5:35 am PDT)
on the 30th of August as Kristy was passing well to the southwest of Cabo San
Lucas heading away from land. TRMM reveals a small but fairly well-organized
storm. Although the rain field is confined close to the center, a strong rain
band (red arc) wraps around the western side of the storm and indicates an area
of active convection near the core, a necessary ingredient for intensification.
Click on images to enlarge.
The TRMM PR has the ability to look at precipitation structures in the vertical.
This final image shows a coincident vertical cross section through the center of
Kristy from the TRMM PR. The PR reveals areas of deeper convection associated
with the heavy rain at the surface. Kristy is forecast to strengthen into a
hurricane but does not pose an immediate threat to any land areas. TRMM is a
joint mission between NASA and the Japanese space agency JAXA. Images produced by Hal Pierce (SSAI/NASA GSFC) and caption by Steve Lang (SSAI/NASA GSFC).
Hurricane John Affecting Northwestern Mexico
At 11:00 a.m. PDT, the center of Hurricane John was located near latitude 14.3
north, longitude 99.4 west or about 170 miles south of Acapulco, Mexico. John
is moving toward the west-northwest near 9 mph. Maximum sustained winds have
increased to near 90 mph with higher gusts. John is a category one hurricane on
the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale and could become a category three hurricane
by Wednesday, Aug. 30. Estimated minimum central pressure is 977 millibars.
A Tropical Storm Warning Is in Effect Along the West Coast of Mexico
From Acapulco westward to Lazaro Cardenas. A tropical storm watch remains in
effect from east of Acapulco eastward to Lagunas De Chacahua and from west of
Lazaro Cardenas westward To Manzanillo. Rainfall amounts of 2 to 4 inches with
isolated totals up to 8 inches are possible along the south coast of Mexico
within the tropical storm watch and warning area. These rains could cause
life-threatening flash floods and mud slides over areas of mountainous terrain.
An Inside Satellite Look at John's Clouds
Click image to enlarge.
This is an infrared image of Tropical Storm Ernesto, from the Atmospheric
Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA's Aqua satellite at 1:30 a.m. PDT on August 29,
2006. This AIRS image shows the temperature of the cloud tops or the surface of
the Earth in cloud- free regions. The lowest temperatures (in purple) are
associated with high, cold cloud tops that make up the top of the storm. The
infrared signal does not penetrate through clouds. Where there are no clouds
the AIRS instrument reads the infrared signal from the surface of the Earth,
revealing warmer temperatures (red).
Where is John's Heaviest Rainfall?
Click image to enlarge.
The second image is created from microwave radiation emitted by Earth's
atmosphere and received by the instrument. It shows where the heaviest rainfall
is taking place (in blue) in the storm. Blue areas outside of the storm where
there are either some clouds or no clouds, indicate where the sea surface
shines through. Image Credit: NASA/JPL -- Caption Credit: NASA/JPL/ Rob Gutro Goddard