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Saturn Test Flights
July 8, 2009
 

Mission
SA-1
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
Research and develop the S-I launch vehicle. Test the S-I stage propulsion, and verify the structure and aerodynamics of the vehicle.

Prelaunch Milestones
6/5/61 - Launch Complex 34 dedication
8/15/61 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
8/15/61 - S-IV dummy stage ondock at Kennedy
8/15/61 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy
9/6/61 - full tank pressurization test

Launch
Oct. 27, 1961; 10:06 a.m. EST
Launch Pad 34
Saturn I

Payload
Dummy second stage (S-4), weighing 25,000 pounds, ballasted with 90,000 pounds, 11,000 gallons of water
Dummy third stage (S-5), weighing 3,000 pounds, ballasted with 100,000 pounds, 12,000 gallons of water

Orbit
Altitude: 137 km
-> Orbits: suborbital
-> Distance: 344 km downrange

Landing
Oct. 27, 1961
Impact in the Atlantic Ocean





Mission
SA-2
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
The first payload carried on SA-2 and SA-3 was called Project Highwater, authorized by NASA's Office of Space Sciences. The inert S-IV and S-V stages for these launches carried 109,000 liters, or 30,000 gallons, of ballast water for release in the upper atmosphere. This was used to study the effects on radio transmission and changes in local weather conditions. At an altitude of 150 km, explosive devices ruptured the S-IV and S-V tanks, and in five seconds, ground observers saw the formation of a huge ice cloud estimated to be several kilometers in diameter.

Prelaunch Milestones
2/27/62 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
2/27/62 - S-IV dummy stage ondock at Kennedy
2/27/62 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy
4/25/62 - launch vehicle at pad

Launch
April 25, 1962; 9:00:34 a.m. EST
Launch Pad 34
Saturn I

Payload
Water, 95 tons
Dummy second stage
Jupiter nose cone

Orbit
Altitude: 105 km
-> Orbits: suborbital
-> Distance: 80 km downrange

Landing
April 25, 1962





Mission
SA-3
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
Project Highwater, authorized by NASA's Office of Space Sciences. The inert S-IV and S-V stages for these launches carried 109,000 liters, or 30,000 gallons, of ballast water for release in the upper atmosphere. This was used to study the effects on radio transmission and changes in local weather conditions. At an altitude of 150 km, explosive devices ruptured the S-IV and S-V tanks, and in five seconds, ground observers saw the formation of a huge ice cloud estimated to be several kilometers in diameter.

Prelaunch Milestones
9/19/62 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
9/19/62 - S-IV dummy stage ondock at Kennedy
9/19/62 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy

Launch
Nov. 16, 1962; 12:45:02 p.m. EST
Launch Pad 34
Saturn I

Payload
Water, 95 tons
Dummy second stage
Jupiter nose cone

Orbit
Altitude: 167 km
-> Orbits: suborbital
-> Distance: 211 km downrange

Landing
Nov. 16, 1962
Impact in the Atlantic Ocean





Mission
SA-4
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
The Saturn I booster S-I stage consisted of a cluster of eight H-1 engines. One of the appealing features of this configuration was the added safety of providing for an "engine-out capability," allowing other engines burn longer than planned if an engine cut off early. On the SA-4 mission, a premature single engine cutoff of one engine was programmed 100 seconds into the flight.

Prelaunch Milestones
2/2/63 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
2/2/63 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
2/2/63 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy

Launch
March 28, 1963; 3:11:55 p.m. EST
Launch Pad 34
Saturn I

Payload
Dummy second stage
Jupiter nose cone

Orbit
Altitude: 130 km
-> Orbits: suborbital
-> Distance: 352 km downrange

Landing
March 28, 1963
Impact in the Atlantic Ocean





Mission
SA-5
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
Orbital flight test of S-IV second stage.

Prelaunch Milestones
8/21/63 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
9/21/63 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
8/21/63 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy

Launch
Jan. 29, 1964; 11:25:01 a.m. EST
Launch Pad 37B
Saturn I
Launch on Jan. 27, 1964, scrubbed due to a test flange left in the S-I stage liquid-oxygen, or LOX, replenishment line, preventing flow of LOX to vehicle. There was a 73-minute hold on Jan. 29, 1964, due to interference in C-band radar and command destruct frequencies.

Payload
Live second stage
Instrument unit
Ballasted Jupiter nose cone

Orbit
Altitude: 262km apogee, 785km perigee
-> Orbits: orbital Distance: ->

Landing
Jan. 29, 1964





Mission
SA-6
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
Orbital flight test of Saturn/Apollo configuration.

Prelaunch Milestones
2/18/64 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
2/22/64 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
2/18/64 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy

Launch
May 28, 1964; 1:07 p.m. EST
Launch Pad 37B
Saturn I
A-101

Spacecraft
BP-13

Payload
Boilerplate 13 CSM
Production LES
Service module/launch vehicle adapter

Orbit
Altitude: 182 km apogee, 227 km perigee
-> Orbits: orbital Distance: ->

Landing
May 28, 1964





Mission
SA-7
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
Final qualification flight for Saturn I launcher.

Prelaunch Milestones
6/7/64 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
6/12/64 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
6/7/64 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy
9/18/64 - launch vehicle at pad

Launch
Sept. 18, 1964; 11:22:43 a.m. EST
Launch Pad 37B
Saturn I
A-102

Spacecraft
BP-15

Orbit
Altitude: 105 km
-> Orbits: suborbital
-> Distance: 80 km downrange

Landing
April 25, 1962





Mission
SA-8
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
BP-26 contained Pegasus meteoroid satellite.

Prelaunch Milestones
2/25/65 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
2/28/65 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
3/8/65 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy
5/25/65 - launch vehicle at pad

Launch
Launch Pad 37B
Saturn I
A-104

Spacecraft
BP-26

Orbit
Altitude: 506 km apogee, 745 km perigee
-> Orbits: orbital Distance: ->

Landing
May 25, 1965





Mission
SA-9
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
BP-16 contained Pegasus meteoroid satellite.

Prelaunch Milestones
10/30/64 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
10/22/64 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
10/30/64 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy
2/16/65 - launch vehicle at pad

Launch
Feb. 16, 1965; 9:37:03 a.m. EST
Launch Pad 37B
Saturn I
A-103

Spacecraft
BP-16

Orbit
Altitude: 496 km apogee, 744 km perigee
-> Orbits: orbital Distance: ->

Landing
Feb. 16, 1965





Mission
SA-10
Result: Successful

Mission Objective
BP-9 contained Pegasus meteroid satellite.

Prelaunch Milestones
6/1/65 - S-I stage ondock at Kennedy
5/8/65 - S-IV stage ondock at Kennedy
6/1/65 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy

Launch
July 30, 1965; 9:00 a.m. EST
Launch Pad 37B
Saturn I
A-105

Spacecraft
BP-9

Orbit
Altitude: 528 km apogee, 531 km perigee
-> Orbits: orbital Distance: ->

Landing
July 30, 1965
 

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Page Last Updated: September 19th, 2013
Page Editor: NASA Administrator