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Human Research Program/National Space Biomedical Research Institute
06.19.08
NASA and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) have selected a group of research proposals to help investigate questions of astronaut health and performance on future space exploration missions.

Science and technical experts from academia and government laboratories reviewed more than 120 proposals before selecting 33 winners covering 12 states and representing 21 institutions, listed below.

Human Research Program Awards
  • Ariel D Anbar, Arizona State University, Rapid Measurements Of Bone Loss Using Tracer-Less Calcium Isotope Analysis Of Blood And Urine
  • Scott Dulchavsky, Henry Ford Health System, Ultrasound Fracture Diagnosis In Space
  • Shreyasee Amin, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Epidemiologic Analyses Of Risk Factors For Bone Loss And Recovery Related To Long Duration Space Flight
  • Stefan Judex, SUNY Stony Brook, Recovery Of Musculoskeletal Quantity And Quality Upon Multiple Microgravity Exposure
  • Harry Hogan, Texas Engineering Experiment Station Contributors To Long-Term Recovery Of Bone Strength Following Exposure To Microgravity
  • Mark Clarke, University of Houston, Monitoring Of Bone Loss Bio-Markers In Human Sweat: A Non-Invasive, Time Efficient Means Of Monitoring Bone Resorption Markers Under Micro And Partial Gravity Loading Conditions
  • Steven Platts, NASA's Johnson Space Center, Determination Of The Magnitude And Time Course Of Cardiovascular Alterations During A Simulated Extended Stay Lunar Mission
  • Lakshmi Putcha, NASA's Johnson Space Center, Methods For The Assessment Of Gastrointestinal Physiology And Function In A Lunar Analog Environment
  • Scott Smith, NASA's Johnson Space Center, Dietary Intake Can Predict And Protect Against Changes In Bone Metabolism During Space Flight And Recovery

NSBRI Awards

Cardiovascular Alterations Team
  • James A. Pawelczyk, Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University Critical Environmental Limits to Heat Balance During Extravehicular Activity
Human Factors and Performance Team
  • George C. Brainard, Ph.D., Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Optimizing Light for Long-Duration Space Exploration
  • Charles A. Czeisler, Ph.D., M.D., Harvard Medical School-Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Evaluation of Blue-Enriched Light as a Countermeasure for Circadian Entrainment of Neurobehavioral Performance and Sleep-Wake Regulation Before and During Spaceflight
  • David F. Dinges, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Countermeasures for Performance Deficits from Sleep Loss and Workload in Spaceflight
  • Elizabeth B. Klerman, M.D., Ph.D., Harvard Medical School-Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Designing Individual Countermeasures to Reduce Sleep Disruption and Improve Performance and Alertness in Space
  • G. Kim Prisk, Ph.D., D.Sc., University of California, San Diego, Clearance of Particles Depositing in the Human Lung in Low Gravity
Musculoskeletal Alterations Team
  • Gregory R. Adams, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, Integrated Endurance and Resistance Exercise Countermeasures Using a Gravity-Independent Training Device
  • Susan A. Bloomfield, Ph.D., Texas A&M University, Maintaining Musculoskeletal Health in the Lunar Environment
  • Peter R. Cavanagh, Ph.D., D.Sc., University of Washington, Monitoring Bone Health by Daily Load Stimulus Measurement During Lunar Missions
  • Ronald J. Midura, Ph.D., The Cleveland Clinic, Extent, Causes and Countermeasures of Impaired Fracture Healing in Hypogravity
Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors Team
  • Joseph V. Brady, Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Psychosocial Performance Factors in Space-Dwelling Groups
  • James A. Carter, Ph.D., Harvard Medical School - Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Countermeasure for Managing Interpersonal Conflicts in Space
  • David F. Dinges, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Optical Computer Recognition of Stress, Affect and Fatigue During Performance in Spaceflight
  • Robert D. Hienz, Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University, Detection and Prevention of Neurobehavioral Vulnerability to Space Radiation
  • Raphael D. Rose, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, A Multi-Media, Computer-Based, Self-Directed, Autonomous, Stress and Anxiety Management Countermeasure
Radiation Effects Team
  • Vincent L. Pisacane, Ph.D. United States Naval Academy, Microdosimeter-Dosimeter Instrument
Sensorimotor Adaptation Team
  • Jacob J. Bloomberg, Ph.D., NASA's Johnson Space Center Development of Countermeasures to Enhance Sensorimotor Adaptation
  • Rongxing (Ron) Li, Ph.D., Ohio State University, Enhancement of Spatial Orientation Capability of Astronauts on the Lunar Surface
  • Steven T. Moore, Ph.D., Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation as an Analog of Post-Flight Sensorimotor Dysfunction
  • Laurence R. Young, Sc.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sensorimotor Displays and Controls to Enhance the Safety of Human/Machine Cooperation During Lunar Landing
Smart Medical Systems and Technology Team
  • Lawrence A. Crum, Ph.D., University of Washington, Smart Therapeutic Ultrasound Device for Mission-Critical Medical Care
  • Scott A. Dulchavsky, M.D., Ph.D., Henry Ford Health System Bracelet Investigation
  • Yi-Xian Qin, Ph.D., Stony Brook University - State University of New York, Combined Scanning Confocal Ultrasound Diagnostic and Treatment System for Bone Quality Assessment and Fracture Healing