April 10-11, 2014 • Kossiakoff Conference Center • Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
[image-51] The NASA Community Workshop on the Global Exploration Roadmap (GER) provided an opportunity for focused community discussion related to advancing the definition of the three near-term mission themes identified in the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) Mission Scenario. An overview of NASA and international partner work which prepares for the missions was shared. Invited presentations from the broader stakeholder community, panel discussion, and audience Question & Answer sessions facilitated discussion of innovative ideas from the community.
Workshop Session Descriptions
Opening Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» Welcome and Objectives, Kathy Laurini (NASA) | Video |
» NASA Exploration Strategy, William Gerstenmaier (NASA Associate Administrator for HEOMD) | Video |
» Science Priorities Informing Human Space Exploration, Ellen Stofan (NASA Chief Scientist) | PDF | Video |
» Overview of the ISECG Mission Scenario, Roland Martinez (NASA) | PDF | Video |
1. Asteroid Redirection Mission: Extensibility to Future Missions
NASA shared the status of its work to formulate the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), with a focus on a crewed mission to a lunar distant retrograde orbit to encounter and sample the asteroid, and return samples with the astronauts in the Orion capsule. This discussion included capabilities and techniques that will be utilized in this mission, and extensibility to other lunar-vicinity missions and future missions farther into deep space. Ideas and concepts to better promote extensibility were discussed.
Session 1 Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission and Extensibility to Future Missions, Steve Stich (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Solar Electric Propulsion: Advancing Technology to Meet Long Term Needs, Kurt Hack (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Solar Electric Propulsion for Exploration – Lessons from the Global Economy, Joe Cassady (Aerojet Rocketdyne) | PDF | Video
» Resource Potential of Asteroids, Andy Cheng (APL) | PDF | Video |
» Applications of Asteroid Redirection Technology: Summary of Keck Institute Workshop, Lou Friedman (The Planetary Society) | PDF | Video |
» NASA’s Asteroid Initiative: Summary of March 26 Asteroid Initiative Forum, Michele Gates (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Session 1 Q&A | Video |
2. Extended Duration Missions in the Lunar Vicinity
This session focused on the opportunity to use the lunar vicinity as a proving ground to prepare for future exploration missions. Habitation capabilities which enable extended duration missions in the deep space environment and are evolvable to enable future missions were discussed. Concepts for cargo resupply building on capabilities supporting the International Space Station are included. This session sought ideas related to maximizing the ability of this limited set of missions to prepare for deep space or lunar surface missions while addressing other exploration objectives reflected in the GER, such as science objectives.
Session 2 Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» Introduction, Kathy Laurini (NASA) | Video |
» An International Industry Perspective on Extended Duration Missions Near the Moon, Josh Hopkins (Lockheed Martin) | PDF | Video |
» Cygnus Beyond Low-Earth Orbit – Logistics and Habitation in CisLunar Space, Carl Walz (Orbital Sciences) | PDF | Video |
» Expanding the Future: The Development and Use of Inflatable Habitats for Lunar Exploration, Mike Gold (Bigelow Aerospace) | PDF | Video |
» Science Enabled by the Presence of the Crew, Greg Schmidt (SSERVI) | PDF | Video |
» Tele-presence Mission Concepts, Jack Burns (U of Colorado) | PDF | Video |
» Session 2 Q&A | Video |
3. Human Lunar Surface Missions
Human missions to the lunar surface, through a staging-post in the lunar vicinity, offer the opportunity to advance and demonstrate fundamental exploration capabilities provided by space agencies, while enabling other exploration objectives to be met at the same time. The session enabled a discussion of lunar surface exploration objectives (preparing for Mars and lunar science) and lunar surface access strategies based on planned and potential capabilities that could be developed by space agencies and commercial endeavors.
Session 3 Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» Introduction, Roland Martinez (NASA) | Video |
» How Discoveries from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission feed Rationale to Return to the Moon, Mark Robinson (Arizona State University) | PDF | Video |
» Overview of ISECG Work on Expanding Definition of the Lunar Exploration Scenario, Ryan Whitley (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Lunar Surface Access, Hiroshi Ueno (JAXA) | PDF | Video |
» Role of the Moon in ESA’s Space Exploration Strategy, Bernhard Hufenbach (ESA) | PDF | Video |
» Lunar Volatiles, Dana Hurley (APL) | PDF | Video |
» Session 3 Q&A | Video |
4. Standards to Promote Interoperability
Given the fundamental capabilities of a human exploration architecture that can be advanced and demonstrated in the lunar vicinity and on the lunar surface, this session sought community feedback on the usefulness of specific international standards to enhance near-term and longer term exploration architectures. International standards applicable to exploration in the areas of docking and communication have been advanced in recent years. Are there other areas benefiting from the availability of standards? A brief look at the lessons learned from the International Space Station Program and ideas for possible standards was shared and discussed.
Session 4 Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» Introduction and Session Objectives – Joel Montalbano (NASA) | Video |
» ISS Lessons Learned, Matt Duggan (Boeing) | PDF | Video |
» Lessons Learned from Commercial Crew Program, Lisa Colloredo (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Overview of the Docking System Standard, Skip Hatfield (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Overview of communication standards, Phil Liebrecht (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Session 4 Q&A | Video |
» Summary of Takeaways From Day One | Video |
5. Human-Assisted Sample Return
With the presence of astronauts in the lunar vicinity in the next decade, can human-assisted sample return advance the objectives of both the science and human space exploration communities? NASA shared the interim results of a study to examine human-assisted Mars sample return architectures and compared them against figures of merit of interest to both the science and human exploration communities. Other human-assisted lunar and Mars sample return mission concepts were presented. The session sought to advance a common understanding of the pros and cons of this interesting mission idea.
Session 5 Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» Introduction and Session Objectives, John Baker (JPL) | Video |
» Crew-assisted Mars Sample Return, Bob Gershman (NASA), Stan Love (NASA), Josh Hopkins (Lockheed Martin) | PDF | Video |
» OSCAR: Crew-Assisted Lunar Sample Return with Orion, Josh Hopkins (Lockheed Martin) | PDF | Video |
» Science and Exploration Priorities for Human-assisted Lunar Sample Return, David Kring (USRA) | PDF | Video |
» JAXA Presentation Hiroshi Ueno (JAXA) | PDF | Video |
» Session 5 Q&A | Video |
6. Evolutionary Path to Mars
This session discussed ideas for ensuring that the GER mission themes can contribute to eventual human missions to the surface of Mars. NASA shared emerging strategies and how these concepts inform requirements for capabilities which can be demonstrated or advanced in the lunar vicinity, including an assessment of strategic knowledge gaps. The session also looked at the opportunities provided by implementing a human mission to the Mars system as a precursor to subsequent missions to the surface. The features of what can be gained by such a mission or missions were discussed.
Session 6 Presentations — click next to the presenter's name for PDF or video
» Introduction and Session Objectives, Bret Drake (NASA) | Video |
» Emerging Strategies in the Context of a Capability Driven Framework, Bret Drake (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Ensuring GER Near-Term Steps Enable Future Mars Missions: The Proving Ground, Roland Martinez (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Summary of the 2013 Affording Mars Workshop, Harley Thronson (NASA) | PDF | Video |
» Status of the ExoMars Programme, Vincenzo Giorgio (Thales Alenia Space) | PDF | Video |
» Panel of Experts: Remarks and Q&A, moderated by Bret Drake: Human Research Program: Craig Kundrot (NASA), Transportation: Les Johnson (NASA), Vincenzo Giorgio (TASI), Task Opportunities: Steve Hoffman (SAIC), ISS: Sam Scimemi (NASA) | PDF | Video |
[image-78]7. Special Topic:
Recognizing the importance of delivering value to people on Earth, agencies participating in the ISECG conducted a dialog to share their views and lessons learned on the nature and significance of the benefits resulting from space exploration. The resulting paper describes the fundamental benefits which are expected to flow from continued investment in the missions and activities described in the Global Exploration Roadmap. This session shared the results from that work to increase awareness of the importance of maintaining community focus on delivering benefits to people on Earth.
» Summary from Workshop Chair Kathy Laurini (NASA) | Video |
Questions should be directed to the workshop planning committee at HQ-GER-Comments@mail.nasa.gov.