April 10-11, 2014 • Kossiakoff Conference Center • Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
[image-51] The NASA Community Workshop on the Global Exploration Roadmap (GER) will provide an opportunity for focused community discussion related to advancing the definition of the three near-term mission themes identified in the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG) Mission Scenario. An overview of NASA and international partner work which prepares for the missions will be shared. Invited presentations from the broader stakeholder community, panel discussion, and audience Question & Answer sessions are planned in order to facilitate discussion of innovative ideas from the community.
Workshop Session Descriptions
1. Asteroid Redirection Mission: Extensibility to Future Missions
NASA will share the status of its work to formulate the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), with a focus on a crewed mission to a lunar distant retrograde orbit to encounter and sample the asteroid, and return samples with the astronauts in the Orion capsule. This discussion will include capabilities and techniques that will be utilized in this mission, and extensibility to other lunar-vicinity missions and future missions farther into deep space. Ideas and concepts to better promote extensibility will be discussed.
2. Extended Duration Missions in the Lunar Vicinity
This session will focus on the opportunity to use the lunar vicinity as a proving ground to prepare for future exploration missions. Habitation capabilities which enable extended duration missions in the deep space environment and are evolvable to enable future missions will be discussed. Concepts for cargo resupply building on capabilities supporting the International Space Station are included. This session will also seek ideas related to maximizing the ability of this limited set of missions to prepare for deep space or lunar surface missions while addressing other exploration objectives reflected in the GER, such as science objectives.
3. Human Lunar Surface Missions
Human missions to the lunar surface, through a staging-post in the lunar vicinity, offer the opportunity to advance and demonstrate fundamental exploration capabilities provided by space agencies, while enabling other exploration objectives to be met at the same time. The session will enable a discussion of lunar surface exploration objectives (preparing for Mars and lunar science) and lunar surface access strategies based on planned and potential capabilities that could be developed by space agencies and commercial endeavors.
4. Human-Assisted Sample Return
With the presence of astronauts in the lunar vicinity in the next decade, can human-assisted sample return advance the objectives of both the science and human space exploration communities? NASA will share the interim results of a study to examine human-assisted Mars sample return architectures and compare them against figures of merit of interest to both the science and human exploration communities. Other human-assisted lunar and Mars sample return mission concepts will be presented. The session seeks to advance a common understanding of the pros and cons of this interesting mission idea.
5. Standards to Promote Interoperability
Given the fundamental capabilities of a human exploration architecture that can be advanced and demonstrated in the lunar vicinity and on the lunar surface, this session seeks community feedback on the usefulness of specific international standards to enhance near-term and longer term exploration architectures. International standards applicable to exploration in the areas of docking and communication have been advanced in recent years. Are there other areas benefiting from the availability of standards? A brief look at the lessons learned from the International Space Station Program and ideas for possible standards will be shared and discussed.
6. Evolutionary Path to Mars
This session will discuss ideas for ensuring that the GER mission themes can contribute to eventual human missions to the surface of Mars. NASA will share emerging strategies and how these concepts inform requirements for capabilities which can be demonstrated or advanced in the lunar vicinity, including an assessment of strategic knowledge gaps. The session will also look at the opportunities provided by implementing a human mission to the Mars system as a precursor to subsequent missions to the surface. The features of what can be gained by such a mission or missions will be discussed.
7. The Benefits of Space Exploration
Recognizing the importance of delivering value to people on Earth, agencies participating in the ISECG conducted a dialog to share their views and lessons learned on the nature and significance of the benefits resulting from space exploration. The resulting paper describes the fundamental benefits which are expected to flow from continued investment in the missions and activities described in the Global Exploration Roadmap. This session will share the results from that work to increase awareness of the importance of maintaining community focus on delivering benefits to people on Earth.
Questions should be directed to the workshop planning committee at HQ-GER-Comments@mail.nasa.gov.