Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate Public Documents
The documents made available here have been authorized for public use by the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate.
Human Spaceflight Architecture Team Mars Destination Operations Team 2013 Report
NASA created a concept of a representative long-duration (500 days) human mission to the surface of Mars. The focus of this mission concept was Mars science and having the crew conduct a number of operations in support of science. A number of Mars science operations were considered, and NASA will use this information to aid in determining the types of technologies, systems, and operations that need to be developed to enable a mission of this class.
› Full report (PDF, 18.3 MB)
NASA Exploration Destinations, Goals, and International Collaboration
› Full report (PDF, 121 KB)
Voyages: Charting the Course for Sustainable Human Space Exploration
This report articulates NASA's multi-destination human space exploration strategy using a capability-driven approach.
› Read more
NASA's Recommendations to Space-Faring Entities: How to Protect and Preserve the Historic and Scientific Value of U.S. Government Lunar Artifacts
This report is written to inform lunar spacecraft mission planners interested in helping preserve and protect lunar historic artifacts and potential science opportunities for future missions.
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Human Exploration of Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0
The human exploration of Mars would be a complex undertaking. It is an enterprise that would confirm the potential for humans to leave our home planet and make our way deep outward into the cosmos. Though just a small step on a cosmic scale, it would be a significant one for humans, because it would require leaving Earth on a long mission with very limited return capability. The strategy and implementation concepts that are described in these documents should not be viewed as constituting a formal plan for the human exploration of Mars. Instead, these documents provide a reference for integration between multiple agency efforts including Mars robotic missions, research that is conducted on the International Space Station, as well as future lunar exploration missions and systems.
› Download the Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0 (NASA SP-2009-566) (3.7 MB PDF)
› Download an executive summary of the the Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0 (15.9 MB PDF)
› Download an addendum to the Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0 (35.5 MB PDF)
› Download Addendum # 2 to the Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0 (62.3 MB PDF)
The International Space Exploration Coordination Group and the Global Exploration Roadmap
In August 2013, NASA and 11 other ISECG member agencies released an update to the 2011 Global Exploration Roadmap. The updated document reflects ongoing dialog and continued preparation for exploration beyond low-Earth orbit – beginning with the International Space Station and expanding human presence throughout the solar system, leading to human missions to the surface of Mars.
› Download the report and read more about the ISECG
SLS and Orion MPCV National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Activities
NASA has conducted a review of the Constellation PEIS and ROD in the context of the Orion MPCV and SLS programs. View the PEIS, 2008 ROD and 2011 Modified ROD.
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Fundamental Space Biology Science Plan
This Fundamental Space Biology Science Plan provides a roadmap for what Fundamental Space Biology activities should be conducted and when for the 2010-2020 decade of the 21st century.
› Download the Fundamental Space Biology Science Plan (7.4 MB PDF)
These documents are provided as a historical reference and may not be reflective of current program plans. This archive includes documents from the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD), Space Operations Mission Directorate (SOMD), and other resources.
Exploration Related Documents and Reports
› Exploration Systems Architecture Study -- Final Report
› Exploration 101 (3.4 MB PDF)
Ares I-X Flight Test Documents
› Ares I-X Flight Data Evaluation (2 MB PDF)
› Ares I-X Report -- April 2010 -- for public release (4 MB PDF)
› Ares I-X Launch + 30 Status Report -- Dec. 3, 2009 (1 MB PDF)
The following reports/charts document the findings of studies requested by ESMD stakeholders.
› Independent Cost Assessment of the Space Launch System, Executive Summary, Aug. 19, 2011 (PDF, 712 KB)
› Human-Rated Delta IV Heavy Study Constellation Architecture Impacts (PDF 1.98 MB)
› NASA Background on Ares Vehicles versus the DIRECT Proposal (PDF 21.7 KB)
› NASA Performance Assessment of Direct 2.0 (PDF 2.1 MB)
› Why NASA Chose to Utilize a Shuttle-Derived Crew Launch Vehicle (PDF 44 KB)
› Charts from the Thrust Oscillation Focus Team (PDF 4.3 MB)
› Lunar Commercial Transportation Study (807 KB PDF)
› The NASA-ESA Comparative Architecture Assessment (1 MB PDF)
The following data archives contain information and reports from past ESMD and Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) workshops and meetings. Additional workshop materials are available here.
› ESA-ISLSWG Arabidopsis Workshop Report, July 1-2, 2003, The Netherlands (62 KB PDF)
› Sex, Space and Environmental Adaptation: A National Workshop on Research Priorities on Sex Differences in Human Responses to Challenging Environments, November12-14, 2002 (240 KB PDF)
The following documents are summary reports from ESMD and former OBPR Programs.
› The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Research and Utilization Plan for the International Space Station (ISS) (4.7 MB PDF)
› Fundamental Space Biology Accomplishments Report 2000-2002 [PDF 4.5 MB]
› Physical Sciences Program Annual Report 2003 (1.7 MB PDF)
› Physical Sciences Program Annual Report 2000-2002 (1.6 MB PDF)
› Physical Sciences Program Annual Report 2000 (1.3 MB PDF)
› Microgravity Research Program Annual Report 1999 (0.5 MB PDF)
› Microgravity Research Program Annual Report 1998 (0.6 MB PDF)
› Microgravity Research Program Annual Report 1997 (0.8 MB PDF)
› Microgravity Research Program Annual Report 1996 (3 MB PDF)
The following plans and supporting documents were used in past programs and are available for historical reference only.
› Exploration Systems Mission Directorate Implementation Plan
› ESMD Risk Management Plan (532 KB PDF)
› ISS Science Portfolio Determination and Management (220 KB PDF)