In Latin America, Chile, Brazil and Argentina continued efforts to develop their space launch and operations capability for garnering a share of future satellite markets, although in 2002 there were no launches from these countries. The Israeli Space Agency successfully launched the earth-observing satellite Ofeq-5 on a three-stage solid-propellant Shavit rocket on May 28. The 300 kg (660 lbs) satellite, 2.3m high and 1.2m dia., carries an imaging reconnaissance camera.
In Canada, the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) continued work on its contribution to the ISS partnership, the Space Station Mobile Service System (MSS), consisting of the 3960 lbs (1800 kg) Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) Canadarm2, the Mobile Base System (MBS), and the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM). Canada also has a very active Canadian Astronaut Program. After the SSRMS was carried into space by space shuttle STS-100/Endeavour on Mission 6A in 2001 and mounted to the ISS' Lab module by spacewalkers Scott Parazynski and Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield. During 2002, a second MSS part, the Mobile Transporter (MT), was launched on Atlantis/STS-110 (ISS-8A) in April and installed by EVA on its truss segment tracks. On April 15, the MT railcart traversed a distance of 72 ft (22 m), making this the first operation of a "railroad in space". A third MSS part, the MBS, along with a replacement wrist-roll joint for the robotarm, followed on Endeavour/STS-111 (ISS-UF 2) in June, and the MBS, which eventually can carry the robotarm along the 356 ft (108 m) length of the external truss, was successfully installed on the MT by another EVA.