||P.R. of China
||Second uncrewed test flight & recovery, after 108 orbits,
of an experimental manned capsule for use by "taikonauts", with a monkey,
a dog, a rabbit and snails.
||ISS mission 5A with the $1.4-billion US Laboratory module
Destiny. Docking at the station was on 2/9 and Lab installation at the Node
||ISS mission 5A.1, first "crew rotation" flight, carrying Expedition
2 crew, resupply & science racks, in multi-purpose logistics module (MPLM)
Leonardo (1st flight).
||Launch of the 2001 Mars probe Odyssey on a Delta-2 for a six-month,
286-million miles voyage to the Red Planet. Arrived successfully on October
||First launch of new GSLV rocket with Russian-built 3rd stage.
Geosynchronous comsat GSat1 did not reach correct orbit due 3rd stage engine
||ISS mission 6A, with the Canadian-built robotarm Canadarm2
and 2nd MPLM, Raffaello, on its 1st flight. The crane-like manipulator was
installed on 4/22.
|Soyuz TM-32/ISS 2S
||Launch of 1st "taxi flight" to ISS, bringing a "fresh" Soyuz
crew return vehicle (CRV) and carrying the world's first paying "space tourist",
U.S. businessman Dennis Tito.
||NASA's Microwave Anisotropy Mission, launched on a Delta-2,
to measure temperature fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background from
L2 libration point.
||ISS mission 7A, carrying the Joint Airlock Quest, which was
installed at the ISS Node on 7/14. Arrival of Quest marked end of ISS Phase
2, begin of Phase 3.
||Launch of the 10th Ariane 5, with the technological comsat
Artemis & broadcast satellite B-Sat2b. Both left in lower orbits as planned
due to upper stage failure.
||Launch of interplanetary probe Genesis on a Delta-2 to the
first Earth-Sun libration point L1 to collect samples of the solar wind
and return them in September 2004.
||ISS mission 7A.1, 2nd crew rotation, carrying Leonardo (2nd
flight) and replacing Expedition 2 crew with Expedition 3. Also conducted
||Launch of the Russian docking compartment DC-1 "Pirs" on a
Soyuz-U. Installed at Service Module Zvezda on 9/16. This also added a 2nd
airlock for spacewalks.
|Soyuz TM-33/ISS 3S
||Launch of 2nd "taxi" flight to ISS, with new Soyuz CRV and
a paying "guest" cosmonaut, researcher Claudie Haigneré from CNES/France.
Returned on TM-32.
||ISS mission UF-1, 1st utilization flight to ISS, with MPLM
Raffaello and 4th expeditionary crew, to "rotate" with Expedition 3 after
its 128-days stay in space.