NASA Caught the Short-Lived Tropical Cyclone 01B in Action [image-51]
Tropical Cyclone 01B lived and died in the Northern Indian Ocean over the course of January 4 and 5, 2014, and NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of the storm at the end of its life.
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the remnants of Tropical Cyclone 01B on January 6 at 0500 UTC/12 a.m. EST, and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer or MODIS instrument captured a visible image of the storm. At that time, the remnants were over northern Sri Lanka and southeastern India. Just 13 hours later the remnants dissipated over land.
Tropical Cyclone 01B was born on January 4 about 260 nautical miles/299.2 miles/481.5 km south-southeast of Chennai, India, near 9.3 north latitude and 92.4 east longitude. By 2100 UTC/4 p.m. EST that day, 01B's maximum sustained winds had increased to near 40 knots/46 mph/74 kph and only extended 40 nautical miles/46 miles/74 km out from the center. The storm was moving to the west-northwest at 4 knots/4.6 mph/7.4 kph.
By January 5, 2014 at 2100 UTC/4 p.m. EST, 01B's maximum sustained winds dropped to 35 knots/40 mph/62 kph and were weakening from wind shear. The last advisory on the tropical cyclone was issued when the storm was about 235 nautical miles/270.4 miles/435.2 km south-southeast of Chennai, India, near 9.3 north and 91.2 east. The storm was moving to the west at just 3 knots/3.4 mph/5.5 kph as it was being torn apart by wind shear.
Despite the weakening, a Blue Alert remained in effect for the residents of La Reunion Island, but that was dropped on January 6 as the storm dissipated.
Text credit: Rob Gutro
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center