Marshall Scientist Finds Place in the Sun With Solar Probe Instrument Win
Dr. Jonathan Cirtain, an astrophysicist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., and his science team have secured a proposal award of $8.2 million to help build parts for and test an instrument for the Solar Probe Plus flagship mission to directly sample the sun's atmosphere. NASA recently announced the development of a mission to visit and study the sun -- up close and personal. The unprecedented Solar Probe Plus mission is slated to launch no later than 2018. "This is the equivalent of a Hubble-class mission for solar physics," said Cirtain, the Marshall lead for the proposed "Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons" instrument, or SWEAP. "We expect the data collected on this mission to have a dramatic and revolutionary impact on the field of solar astrophysics."
Solar Probe Plus promises to transform our understanding of the sun and its effects on the solar system. It will explore a region no other spacecraft has ever encountered.
Cirtain's team consists of scientists from the Marshall Center and the University of Alabama in Huntsville. Marshall's Science & Mission Systems Office and Engineering Directorate also are partnering with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory of Cambridge, Mass., the lead on the proposal, and the University of California at Berkeley.
Cirtain and his team now are developing instrument prototypes for the mission. These instruments will specifically count the most abundant particles in the solar wind – electrons, protons and helium ions – and measure their properties. The investigation also is designed to sweep up the solar wind in a special conductive metal cup, called a Faraday cup, and determine the speed and direction of the sun's particles.
The Huntsville team is partnered with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory for the development of the instruments.
"While other instruments are hidden, we'll be right out there getting blasted by the sun, literally "touching" a star for the first time," said Justin Kasper, SWEAP principal investigator and a Smithsonian astronomer.
Solar Probe Plus is a spacecraft the size of a small car that will plunge directly into the sun's atmosphere, approximately four million miles from the physical surface of the star. It will explore a region no other spacecraft has ever encountered.
"The experiments selected for Solar Probe Plus are specifically designed to solve two key questions of solar physics: Why is the sun's outer atmosphere so much hotter than the sun's visible surface, and what propels the solar wind that affects Earth and our solar system?" said Dick Fisher, director of NASA's Heliophysics Division in Washington. "We have been struggling with these questions for decades and this mission should finally provide those answers."
The Solar Probe Plus mission is part of NASA's "Living with a Star" Program, designed to study and understand aspects of the sun and Earth's space environment that impact life and society. The program is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., with oversight by the Heliophysics Division of NASA's Science Mission Directorate. The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Md., is responsible for formulating, implementing, and operating the Solar Probe Mission.
For more information on Solar Probe Plus visit: http://solarprobe.gsfc.nasa.gov
For more information about the Living with the Star Program visit: http://science.nasa.gov/about-us/smd-programs/living-with-a-star › Photos
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