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New Expedition Three Experiments

  • The first experiment to be mounted outside the Station -- the Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) — will test the durability of hundreds of samples, ranging from lubricants to solar cell technologies.
  • The first Station experiments with biological cell cultures will take place in a major new facility: the Cellular Biotechnology Operations Support System (CBOSS).
  • The Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystallization Facility, managed by the Marshall Center, is the first experiment to actively control the growth of biological crystals that can give scientists insights in the fields of medicine, agriculture and more.
  • The first European Space Agency experiment — the Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility — will grow biological crystals using a different technique.
  • The first study of how the lungs function over long periods of space exposure and how they are affected by space walks:  the Pulmonary Function in Flight (PuFF) uses new, specialized equipment and the Human Research Facility, delivered during Expedition Two
  • The Renal Stone experiment examines the increased risk of kidney stone development during and immediately after space flight.
  • The Xenon 1 experiment studies the cardiovascular system and potential blood pressure problems and fainting that may occur when crew members return to Earth.  
  • Dreamtime, a high-definition television camcorder that is part of a public/private partnership to upgrade NASA’s equipment to the next-generation HDTV technology, will be tested. The Marshall Center played a role in determining how to best implement HDTV on the Station.

Experiments Continuing on Expedition Three

*started on Expedition One

**started on Expedition Two

  • The Space Acceleration Measurement System and the Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System are instruments that characterize the microgravity or low-gravity environment created as the Station orbits Earth.**
  • The Active Rack Isolation System International Space Station Characterization Experiment studies how a special system reduces vibrations experienced by experiments mounted in racks.**
  • The Bonner Ball Neutron Detector continues to measure radiation on the Station.**
  • The first Station fluid physics investigation — the Experiment on Physics of Colloids in Space — has completed its first sample runs and will continue with more complex and longer runs.**
  • Three human life sciences experiments that study neurovestibular reflexes, human interactions, and bone density are continuing to collect data on additional subjects.**
  • Crew Earth Observations continue with more photographs of selected targets on our planet.*
  • Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle school students allows students to select targets for a Station camera that transmits pictures back for classroom study.**

Expedition Two Experiments Returning to Earth on Discovery’s STS-105 Mission

  • The Commercial Protein Crystal Growth High Density experiment, sponsored jointly by NASA, industry and academia and managed by the Space Product Development program at Marshall
  • The Middeck Active Control Experiment for studying the behavior of structures in space
  • The Dosimetric Mapping and Phantom Torso radiation experiments
  • The Enhanced Gaseous Nitrogen Dewar experiment that grows hundreds of protein crystals.

Expedition Two Experiments Returned to Earth on Atlantis’ STS-104 mission

  • The first Station experiment to grow plants that produced seeds in space, the Advanced Astroculutre, and the Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus, both managed by Marshall’s Space Product Development Program.
  • Two Protein Crystal Growth Single Thermal Enclosure System units, managed by the Biotechnology Program at Marshall.
 
 
Find this article at:
 
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/background/experiments.html