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Kennedy Celebrates 50 Years of Success
06.29.12
 
Throughout the past 50 years, NASA's Kennedy Space Center has carried on America's legacy of processing, testing and launching a wide array of rockets and spacecraft to distant planets and other destinations in space. Launch vehicles, from left, include the Atlas V, the space shuttle, the Delta, the Titan, Apollo's Saturn V, Gemini's Atlas-Agena and Mercury's Redstone. In the foreground are human destinations the center helped NASA reach, including Earth's orbit and the International Space Station. At the top right is NASA's newest spacecraft, the Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle, which will help humans explore deeper into space than ever before.

Image above:Throughout the past 50 years, NASA's Kennedy Space Center has carried on America's legacy of processing, testing and launching a wide array of rockets and spacecraft to distant planets and other destinations in space. Launch vehicles, from left, include the Atlas V, the space shuttle, the Delta, the Titan, Apollo's Saturn V, Gemini's Atlas-Agena and Mercury's Redstone. In the foreground are human destinations the center helped NASA reach, including Earth's orbit and the International Space Station. At the top right is NASA's newest spacecraft, the Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle, which will help humans explore deeper into space than ever before. Image credit: NASA
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Fifty years after NASA's establishment of the spaceport that would launch men to the moon and probes to investigate the far reaches of our solar system, Kennedy Space Center is in a state of transition to include commercial utilization and deep space exploration.

At Launch Complex 39, no rockets fill the processing bays. No countdowns echo through the launch pads.

Change is on the way.

The Greek philosopher Heraclitus proposed that change is central to the cosmos, that an ongoing process of change is the universal constant.

And although change is exciting, it can be hard.

"Hard" is a way of life, though, embraced by every director, engineer, technician and support staff member employed at Kennedy. The drive to tackle any challenge on the horizon was implanted in the center's collective psyche 50 years ago by the president for whom the center is named.

"We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard," President John F. Kennedy told an audience at Rice University in Houston on Sept. 12, 1962, just weeks after the center's founding on July 1 and five days before nine new astronauts were named to join the original seven Mercury astronauts in training for projects Gemini and Apollo.

Those goals, Kennedy felt, "will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too."

Change was the guiding principle of NASA's decision-makers as Kennedy's facilities and operations took shape.

"Five years ago, when we were first developing the concept for what is now known as Launch Complex 39, consideration was given to designing it as a fixed facility limited to the needs of the then-known Apollo Program," Kennedy's first center director, Dr. Kurt Debus, explained in 1967 at the American Astronautical Society's 13th annual meeting on the "Commercial Utilization of Space."

"It was apparent, however, that with the sums of money involved, it would be desirable to interpolate known trends and provide a facility of the future as well," Debus said. "Upon advisement, both Congressional and NASA leaders agreed, and it (Kennedy Space Center) was developed as a national resource to meet the needs of known as well as potential requirements where it was economically feasible to do so. The result was the mobile launch concept."

Debus' successor, Lee Scherer, took over Kennedy's helm in 1974 as NASA's focus turned to international cooperation in the Apollo/Soyuz Test Project.

When asked what he thought about President Kennedy's decision to send astronauts to the moon during an interview for a NASA history project in 2002, Scherer said: "At first, I thought it was crazy, and then I realized he was a lot smarter than I was. I think that was terrific in that it started the whole space business for our country.

"He was right when he said we're going not because it's easy but because it's hard, and it resulted in the development of things that we would never have dreamed of if we hadn’t. And it's scary to look back and say we wouldn't have done this or that or the other if the public wasn't fully behind it at that time."

Kennedy, from its infancy, was designed with the capability to support the hard transition to commercial utilization and deep space exploration at its core.

Join the Spaceport News team as we recall the changes we have undergone during the past five decades and the preparations under way to face the future head-on and accomplish "the other things" on NASA's to-do list.

 
 
Kay Grinter
NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center