Rob Navias June 19, 1995
FLIGHT CONTROL OF STS-71When the Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian Space Station Mir later this month, NASA flight controllers in both the United States and Russia will be following the action from two different Mission Control Centers.
Atlantis is currently scheduled to be launched from the Kennedy Space Center on June 23 on a mission that will be highlighted by the first docking of a Shuttle to the Mir Station.
Five NASA astronauts and two Russian cosmonauts, led by veteran Commander Robert "Hoot" Gibson, will link up to Mir and conduct almost five days of biomedical investigations as well as transfer experiments and equipment from the Mir to Atlantis to be returned to Earth.
The two Russian cosmonauts who will be launched on Atlantis will take over operation of Mir after docking, enabling three current occupants of the Space Station, including U.S. astronaut Norm Thagard, to return to Earth aboard the Shuttle following more than three months of work in orbit.
The Space Shuttle orbiter's operations will be conducted from Flight Control Room One (FCR-1) on the second floor of the MCC, located in Bldg. 30 at the Johnson Space Center.
In addition, a team of NASA consultants and technical advisors will be stationed at the Russian Mission Control Center in Kaliningrad, Russia, outside Moscow, to provide a link between the Mir flight controllers and Shuttle flight controllers located in Houston.
The MCC flight control teams for this mission will be referred to as the Ascent/Entry Team, the Orbit 1 Team, Orbit 2 Team and the Planning Team. The Ascent/Entry Team will be led by Flight Director Wayne Hale. The Orbit 1 team will be under the supervision of Lead Flight Director Bob Castle. The Orbit 2 shift will be conducted by Flight Director Phil Engelauf. The Planning Shift will be led by Flight Director Paul Dye. The NASA Consultant team in Kaliningrad will be led by veteran Flight Director Bill Reeves.- 2 -
The flight control positions in the MCC, and their responsibilities, are:
Flight Director (FLIGHT)Has overall responsibility for the conduct of the mission.
Spacecraft Communicator (CAPCOM)
By tradition an astronaut; responsible for all voice contact with the flight crew.
Flight Activities Officer (FAO)Responsible for procedures and crew timelines; provides expertise on flight documentation and checklists; prepares messages and maintains all teleprinter and/or Text and Graphics System traffic to the vehicle.
Integrated Communications Officer (INCO)Responsible for all Orbiter data, voice and video communications systems; monitors the telemetry link between the vehicle and the ground; oversees the uplink command and control processes.
Flight Dynamics Officer (FDO)Responsible for monitoring vehicle performance during the powered flight phase and assessing abort modes; calculating orbital maneuvers and resulting trajectories; and monitoring vehicle flight profile and energy levels during reentry.
Trajectory Officer (TRAJECTORY)Also known as "TRAJ," this operator aids the FDO during dynamic flight phases and is responsible for maintaining the trajectory processors in the MCC and for trajectory inputs made to the Mission Operations Computer.
Guidance, Navigation & Control Systems Engineer (GNC)Responsible for all inertial navigational systems hardware such as star trackers, radar altimeters and the inertial measurement units; monitors radio navigation and digital autopilot hardware systems.
Guidance & Procedures Officer (GPO)Responsible for the onboard navigation software and for maintenance of the Orbiter's navigation state, known as the state vector. Also responsible for monitoring crew vehicle control during ascent, entry, or rendezvous.
Rendezvous Guidance and Procedures Officer (RENDEZVOUS)The RENDEZVOUS GPO is a specialist who monitors onboard navigation of the Orbiter during rendezvous and proximity operations.
Environmental Engineer & Consumables Manager (EECOM)Responsible for all life support systems, cabin pressure, thermal control and supply and waste water management; manages consumables such as oxygen and hydrogen.
Payloads Officer (PAYLOADS)Coordinates all payload activities; serves as principal interface with remote payload operations facilities.
Russian Interface Officer (RIO)The Russian Interface Officer serves as the primary interface between the U.S. and Russian control teams. The RIO updates the Russian team on shuttle related activities and issues, and relays messages from the Russian team to the U.S. team.
Data Processing Systems Engineer (DPS)Responsible for all onboard mass memory and data processing hardware; monitors primary and backup flight software systems; manages operating routines and multi-computer configurations.
Propulsion Engineer (PROP)Manages the reaction control and orbital maneuvering thrusters during all phases of flight; monitors fuel usage and storage tank status; calculates optimal sequences for thruster firings.
Booster Systems Engineer (BOOSTER)Monitors main engine and solid rocket booster performance during ascent phase.
Ground Controller (GC)Coordinates operation of ground stations and other elements of worldwide space tracking and data network; responsible for MCC computer support and displays.
Maintenance, Mechanical, Arm & Crew Systems (MMACS)Monitors auxiliary power units and hydraulic systems; manages payload bay and vent door operations; handles in-flight maintenance planning; oversees orbiter structure, tiles, blankets, etc.
Flight Surgeon (SURGEON)Monitors health of flight crew; provides procedures and guidance on all health-related matters.
Public Affairs Officer (PAO)Provides real-time explanation of mission events during all phases of flight.
|>ASCENT/ENTRY||>ORBIT 1||>ORBIT 2||>PLANNING|
|FLIGHT||Wayne Hale||Bob Castle |
Bill Reeves (Russia)
|Phil Engelauf||Paul Dye|
|CAPCOM||Curt Brown||Dave Wolf||Story Musgrave||Dan Bursch|
|PAO||Kyle Herring (A) |
Rob Navias (E)
|Rob Navias |
Kari Fluegel (Russia)
|James Hartsfield||Eileen Hawley|
|FAO||John Curry||John Curry||Tracy Calhoun |
G. Schneider (Russia)
|INCO||Chris Counts||Chris Counts||Rick LaBrode||Harry Black|
|FDO||Ed Gonzalez (A) |
Doug Rask (E)
|Phillip Burley||Steve Stich||Richard Theis|
|TRAJ||Carson Sparks (E) |
Roger Balettie (E)
|Roger Balettie||William Tracy||Lisa Shore|
|GPO||R. Mastracchio (A) |
Glenn Pogue (E)
|Linda Gavin||Joe Williams||Todd Miller|
|GNC||K.M. Bain||K.M. Bain||Leroy Cain||B.J. Schoenbauer|
|EECOM||Daniel Molina||Daniel Molina||Quinn Carelock||Leonard Riche|
|EGIL||Benjamin Pawlik||Benjamin Pawlik||Jim Azbell||A.J. Ceccacci|
|PAYLOADS||Roger Galpin||Roger Galpin||Jean Haensly||Tim Baum|
|DPS||K.C. Terry||K.C. Terry||G. J. Sham||M. F. LaFluer|
|PROP||William Powers||William Powers||Robbie Gest||Nantel Suzuki|
|BOOSTER||Kenneth Dwyer (A) |
John Calhoun (E)
|GC||Ed Klein (A) |
Norm Talbott (E)
|John Wells |
|Johnnie Brothers |
|Henry Allen |
|MMACS||Karl Pohl||Karl Pohl||Jon Olansen||Kevin McCluney|
|SURGEON||Denise Baisden||Smith Johnston||Phil Stepaniak||N/A|
|RIO||Sally Davis||Sally Davis |
|Charlie Armstrong||Joe Cavallaro|
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