Rob Navias January 27, 1995
FLIGHT CONTROL OF STS-63
New "call signs" will be heard in the Mission Control Center (MCC) during STS-63 as flight control teams in both the United States and Russia support the first joint Shuttle/ Mir mission.
STS-63, which includes a Shuttle flyaround of the Russian Space Station Mir, is the first mission during which control teams in Houston will coordinate activities with a control team in Kaliningrad, Russia.
To enhance the relay of information between the two control centers, a new position called the Russian Interface Officer, or RIO, has been established at JSC. The RIO's responsibility is to serve as the primary communications officer with the Russian flight control team. The RIO updates the Russian controllers on shuttle related activities and issues, and relays messages from the team in Russia to the U.S. team. An interpreter works closely with RIO to assist in communication.
Also during STS-63, a team of NASA consultants and technical advisors will be stationed at MCC-Kaliningrad. This team will provide assistance and insight into the shuttle and Houston operations. The STS-63 NASA Consultant team in Kaliningrad will be led by veteran Flight Director Bill Reeves.
The MCC-Houston flight control teams for this mission will be referred to as the Ascent/Entry Team, the Orbit 1 Team, Orbit 2 Team and the Planning Team. The Ascent/Entry Team will be led by Flight Director Wayne Hale. The Orbit 1 team will be under the supervision of Flight Director Rob Kelso. The Orbit 2 shift will be conducted by Lead STS-63 Flight Director Phil Engelauf. The Planning Shift will be led by Flight Director Paul Dye.
The responsibility for Shuttle operations will revert to the MCC-Houston once Discovery's two solid rocket boosters ignite. Mission support in the MCC-Houston will begin 5 hours prior to launch and continue through landing.
The Space Shuttle orbiter's operations will be conducted from Flight Control Room One on the second floor of the MCC-Houston, located in Bldg. 30 at the Johnson Space Center. For voice communications between the JSC team and with the Orbiter, the call signs "Houston" and "Discovery" will be used.
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The teams of flight controllers will alternate shifts in the control center and in nearby analysis and support facilities. The handover between each team takes about an hour and allows each flight controller to brief his or her replacement on developments during the previous two shifts.
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>MCC POSITIONS AND CALL SIGNS FOR STS-63
The flight control positions in the MCC, and their responsibilities, are:
Flight Director (FLIGHT)
Has overall responsibility for the conduct of the mission.
Spacecraft Communicator (CAPCOM)
By tradition an astronaut; responsible for all voice contact with the flight crew.
Flight Activities Officer (FAO)
Responsible for procedures and crew timelines; provides expertise on flight documentation and checklists; prepares messages and maintains all teleprinter and/or Text and Graphics System traffic to the vehicle.
Integrated Communications Officer (INCO)
Responsible for all Orbiter data, voice and video communications systems; monitors the telemetry link between the vehicle and the ground; oversees the uplink command and control processes.
Flight Dynamics Officer (FDO)
Responsible for monitoring vehicle performance during the powered flight phase and assessing abort modes; calculating orbital maneuvers and resulting trajectories; and monitoring vehicle flight profile and energy levels during reentry.
Trajectory Officer (TRAJECTORY)
Also known as "TRAJ," this operator aids the FDO during dynamic flight phases and is responsible for maintaining the trajectory processors in the MCC and for trajectory inputs made to the Mission Operations Computer.
Guidance & Procedures Officer (GPO)/(RENDEZVOUS)
Responsible for the onboard navigation software and for maintenance of the Orbiter's navigation state, known as the state vector. Also responsible for monitoring crew vehicle control during ascent and entry. The RENDEZVOUS GPO is a specialist who monitors onboard navigation of the Orbiter during rendezvous and proximity operations.
Guidance, Navigation & Control Systems Engineer (GNC)
Responsible for all inertial navigational systems hardware such as star trackers, radar altimeters and the inertial measurement units; monitors radio navigation and digital autopilot hardware systems.
Russian Interface Officer (RIO)
The Russian Interface Officer serves as the primary interface between the U.S. and Russian control teams. The RIO updates the Russian team on shuttle related activities and issues, and relays messages from the Russian team to the U.S. team.
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Environmental Engineer & Consumables Manager (EECOM)Responsible for all life support systems, cabin pressure, thermal control and supply and waste water management; manages consumables such as oxygen and hydrogen.
Electrical Generation and Illumination Officer (EGIL)
Responsible for power management, fuel cell operation, vehicle lighting and the master caution and warning system.
Payloads Officer (PAYLOADS)
Coordinates all payload activities; serves as principal interface with remote payload operations facilities.
Data Processing Systems Engineer (DPS)
Responsible for all onboard mass memory and data processing hardware; monitors primary and backup flight software systems; manages operating routines and multi-computer configurations.
Propulsion Engineer (PROP)
Manages the reaction control and orbital maneuvering thrusters during all phases of flight; monitors fuel usage and storage tank status; calculates optimal sequences for thruster firings.
Booster Systems Engineer (BOOSTER)
Monitors main engine and solid rocket booster performance during ascent phase.
Ground Controller (GC)
Coordinates operation of ground stations and other elements of worldwide space tracking and data network; responsible for MCC computer support and displays.
Maintenance, Mechanical, Arm & Crew Systems (MMACS)
Monitors auxiliary power units and hydraulic systems; manages payload bay and vent door operations; handles in-flight maintenance planning; oversees orbiter structure, tiles, blankets, etc.
Flight Surgeon (SURGEON)
Monitors health of flight crew; provides procedures and guidance on all health-related matters.
Payload Deployment & Retrieval Systems (PDRS)
A specialist responsible for monitoring and coordinating the operation of the remote manipulator system when it is carried aboard the Orbiter.
Extravehicular Activities (EVA)
A specialist responsible for monitoring and coordinating preparations for and execution of space walks. Responsibilities include monitoring suit and EVA hardware performance when applicable.
Public Affairs Officer (PAO)
Provides real-time explanation of mission events during all phases of flight. STS-63 FLIGHT CONTROL TEAM STAFFING
Bill Reeves (Russia)
||Mary Ann Plaza
||Mary Ann Plaza
G. Schneider (Russia)
||Bruce Abbott (A)
Carson Sparks (E)
||Ed Gonzalez (A)
Steven Stich (E)
||Kelly Beck (A)
R. Mastracchio (E)
||B. J. Schoenbauer
||B. J. Schoenbauer
||L. E. Cain
||D. J. Gruber
||Mike Marsh (A)
Charles Capps (E)
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