Engineering the Future
Building the new center was the easy part. But major questions still remained. How does one do these human space missions? How does one design the necessary spacecraft? How does one manage the contractors and garner the best ideas and results from industry?
Image at right: The recovered Gemini V spacecraft is delivered back to the NASA facility at Cape Kennedy, Florida, following the successful third human Gemini mission in August of 1965. Credit: NASA + View Image
A seminal strength of JSC has been and continues to be its engineering-based nucleus. From Mercury and Apollo to today's space station, the Engineering Directorate and myriad U.S. contractor teams have played a major role in the design and development of spacecraft-a role that continues to this day. This engineering effort-the design and development of spacecraft-came before the selection of astronauts and the development of the Mission Control Center.
"We came to Houston," said Maxime Faget, chief engineer, MSC. "We had to build a center. All of the engineering facilities, they all had to be specified, worked out, negotiated, and an organization had to be built up. It was a pretty yeasty time. We went from essentially a one-man project, [Mercury], a one-program project, to really trying to do three things at the same time, three programs at once plus build up the center."
Image at left: This view of the Earth-orbiting Gemini VII spacecraft was taken from the Gemini VI spacecraft during their historic rendezvous mission in space. Credit: NASA + View Image
In addition to the Engineering Directorate, the program office played a major role in managing contracts and implementing contractors. These major entities-the Engineering Directorate, the program office and, soon, the flight controllers and operators-did not operate in a vacuum; the integrated strength of all of these organizations was crucial in achieving NASA's and the nation's grand human space flight objectives. This process was true for the MSC in the early days of human space flight; it still holds true today.
Page 1: JSC Celebrates 40 Years of Human Space Flight
Page 2: JSC Origins
Page 3: JSC Origins
Page 4: JSC Origins
Page 5: Engineering the Future
Page 6: Home of the Nation's Astronaut Corps
Page 7: America's Nerve Center for Mission Operations
Page 8: America's Nerve Center for Mission Operations
Page 9: America's Nerve Center for Mission Operations
Page 10: The Triumph of Apollo
Page 11: The Triumph of Apollo
Page 12: The Triumph of Apollo
Page 13: America's First Space Station
Page 14: Expanding the Center's Role
Page 15: The Last Apollo
Page 16: Space Shuttle
Page 17: Space Shuttle
Page 18: International Space Station
Page 19: International Space Station
Page 20: The Next 40 Years