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NASA Goddard Brings the Moon to Earth
02.24.09
 
artist concept of LRO and the moon Hundreds of thousands of craters dimple the surface of the moon, the result of thousands of impacts during the eons that the moon has existed. LRO will map the surface of the moon, providing unparalleled elevation data, including the depth and size of craters like the one in this image. Credit: Chris Meaney, NASA's Conceptual Image Lab
> View the "Return to the Moon" gallery
This winter the television production team at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. shrank the moon down to a six-foot globe and put it on display in their Visitor Center. They’ve made a new, fully spherical short film called “Return to the Moon”. Designed expressly for the Science On a Sphere platform, it opens in science museums and elsewhere around the country on February 27.

"Return to the Moon" takes imagery and data sets from the Apollo, Clementine, and other missions and projects them on a six-foot sphere. The results give the startling impression of the moon hanging magically in the center of darkened theaters. During the five-minute film, viewers will witness NASA's legacy of lunar exploration and come to understand the rationale for the Agency's ambitious plans to return to the moon, beginning with a robotic mission called the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter or LRO.

Both LRO and the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite, or LCROSS mission are featured in the new project. The LRO spacecraft will provide scientists with detailed maps of the lunar surface and enhance our understanding of the moon's topography, lighting conditions, mineralogical composition and natural resources. LRO will spend at least one year in low polar orbit around the moon, collecting detailed information about the lunar environment and providing key data sets to enable a human return to the moon. The lunar orbiter is managed by NASA Goddard. LCROSS, managed by NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, Calif. will impact the lunar surface in its search for water ice.

The LRO/LCROSS mission is scheduled to launch Spring 2009.

Science On a Sphere is an exciting new projection technology developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). "Return to the Moon" is the latest in a series of films from the Goddard Television team, employing this system, using novel techniques and technology of its own for making spherical movies. Goddard released the world's first major spherical film in 2006 called "Footprints."

"Spherical filmmaking brings the moon and planetary science down to Earth," said Michael Starobin of Goddard Television, producer for Return to the Moon. "The subject is often difficult to relate to because the scale is so large or out of context with people's lives. However, when you project it on a sphere, people suddenly understand the size of regional events while also comprehending the global connections of the science being introduced. Pure data falls flat, but spherical films make planets approachable."

According to Starobin, there are many ways to project data onto a sphere. The technique he and his colleagues use take a massive images – many times larger than HDTV pictures– and slice them into four sections. Each section is then sent to one of four projectors arranged around the spherical movie screen. A central computer coordinates with dedicated computers at each projector to blend the sections into a seamless image that wraps completely around the sphere.

“Goddard's Scientific Visualization Studio takes enormous, highly-technical data sets from various NASA missions and turns them into stunning imagery, while the Goddard Television team takes complex scientific subjects and translates them into succinct, compelling features. Just as NASA prides itself at pushing back the boundaries of exploration, we take pride in inventing new ways to communicate the results of that exploration," said Starobin.

”Return to the Moon” opens around the country on February 27.

For information about downloading the movie from the main NOAA Science On a Sphere server, visit:

http://sos.noaa.gov/datasets

For more information about "Return to the Moon," visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/lunarsphere

For more information on Science On a Sphere at NASA Goddard, visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/visitor/exhibits/sphere.html

For information on the two missions visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/lro or http://www.nasa.gov/lcross