Over the last several years, manufacturing has gone from more manual processes (traditional) to automated processes, such as 3D printing and additive processes (advanced).
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) denotes the emerging class of physical systems that exhibit complex patterns of behavior due to highly capable embedded software components. Also known as hybrid systems (a hybrid of hardware and software), or mechatronic systems (mechanical + electronic), these include devices with content, or knowledge, that gives them unprecedented capabilities in interoperability and interaction, resilience, adaptivity, and emergent behavior.
The goal of the “Emerging Aeronautics Systems and Technologies (EAST)” study is to investigate the advances required to support continued growth of this country’s aviation industry within the scope of NASA and ARC’s research mission.
Advances in software and systems reliability are required to support NASA’s human spaceflight and robotic exploration missions. The ARC Office of the Center Chief Technologist (CCT) has established the High-Confidence Software and Systems (HCSS) Initiative to develop innovative, enabling software and systems technologies for the engineering, verification, validation, safety assurance, and certification of next-generation exploration systems.
The Science Instruments for Small Missions (SISM) study will investigate the state-of-the-art and gaps in instrument technologies applicable to small Earth and space missions.
The Small Spacecraft and Missions Enterprise (SSME) will serve as the organizing anchor to focus and rationalize the various independent efforts and investments being made now or in the future in regard to smallsats within NASA.
The “Technologies for Biological Space Exploration (T4BSE)” study will define technologies to enable cross-species comparative biological research, including the use and integration of genomic, proteomic, and metabolic data with measurement of multigenerational and developmental biological and physiological processes in whole organisms.