Mission Phase 3
Welcome back, rookies! The adventure continues on the space station as we prepare to conduct our second EVA, as well as stow equipment and move eight experiment racks into Kibo. The pressurized module will eventually accommodate 31 racks that can be used for experiments, stowage, and systems. We'll also deploy the Japanese Remote Manipulator System, which consists of two robotic arms. Each arm has six joints that actually mimic the movements of human life-form arms! Eventually the Japanese robotic arms will enable the station teams to conduct experiments outside the orbiting laboratory without the help of a spacewalking crew.
Sir Isaac Newton decoded the universal laws that enabled us to leave Earth and fly into space. In many ways, he was the first space ranger and once said, "If I have seen farther, it is because I stand on the shoulders of giants." He wasn't afraid to investigate, experiment and question the unknown. While he lived long before space travel was possible, he laid the groundwork for today's scientific work aboard the International Space Station.
Investigations and experiments conducted in space have aided in the development of technologies and materials that improved the way Earthlings live, work and play. The space station is the testing ground of scientific discovery and the launching pad for future space adventures for you space cadets!
Cadets, put on your thinking caps and check out I Spy to uncover and examine some everyday scientific applications that are a direct result of the quest for space!
I Spy Game
NASA Technology Spinoffs: Improving life at home, school and at work!
Many technologies developed for space have found uses on Earth. NASA invests in contracts with small business for innovations that can be adapted to space applications. NASA also looks at its own space-inspired technology to license to private companies for further development. Partnerships and licenses of NASA-developed technologies help increase the number of scientific discoveries and their benefit to the public.
Some items that you may be familiar with are:
The development of protective padding inside helmets was based on NASA technology. It provides for better impact protection and user comfort.
Heart Rate Monitor
Dr. Robert M. Davis and Dr. William M. Portnoy developed a new type of electrocardiographic electrode for NASA. This technology is used in heart rate monitors.
The same material NASA uses to protect astronauts' hands from extreme temperatures in space is now found on Earth in jackets, blankets, scuba diving suits, protective firefighting gear, etc.
Memory Foam Mattress
An innovative foam material that returns to its original shape once pressure is removed, was originally created by NASA. Private industry now uses the material in the production of the memory foam mattress and other padding.
The space pen was originally developed for NASA astronauts. This pen allowed astronauts to write in space where ordinary pens relied on gravity and atmospheric pressure to work. On Earth, this pen will write when held at any angle, on many surfaces and even under water.
A material five times stronger than steel was developed which NASA used in parachute straps to aid in the soft landing of space modules. This technology is also being used in radial tires and is expected to increase tread life 10,000 miles.
NASA development of technology to reduce turbulent drag has been successfully applied to airplanes, yachts and even swimwear. Silicon ribbing on swimsuits reduces friction of the suit in the water making it ten to fifteen percent faster than other swimsuits.
The technique of freeze-drying food was developed out of NASA's research and planning for long space missions.
Eye Glass Lenses and Sunglasses
NASA technology laid the foundation for scratch-resistant lenses which are now used on eye glass lenses and sunglasses.
Elements used in space suit technology and cushioning are used in the manufacturing of shock-absorbing athletic shoes widely worn today.