**NASA Launchpad: Cooling Off** introduces students to the challenge of maintaining temperatures while in space. Thinking and acting like scientists and engineers, students learn to measure specific heat capacity and design an improved cooling system like those used in spacesuits. Students utilize a design process to create and evaluate their designs. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: Making Waves** asks students to organize different energy images into a logical pattern. Working in teams, students investigate and research different sections of the electromagnetic spectrum and share their findings with the class. Students are challenged to apply their knowledge to determine relationships between wave frequency, wavelength and energy of electromagnetic radiation. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: In Case of Emergency** introduces students to NASA technology and how basic laws of motion relate to spacecraft safety. Working in teams, students conduct an experiment and analyze data to explore projectile motion. Then, students are challenged to apply their knowledge to develop a working model of the Orion launch abort system. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: The Colors of Ice** introduces students to the topics of polarized light and birefringence. Working in groups, students use polarizing films to examine the crystal structure of ice. They document their results using digital images and organize their work by creating a multimedia presentation. Students apply what they have learned by creating 3D sculptures to be viewed through cross-polarizers. Students analyze cross sections of natural and manmade ice to transfer learning to a real-world application. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: Lunar Habitats - Home on the Moon** teaches students about the design of lunar habitats and then as teams explore the mathematical relationships between length, area, and volume by exploring the volume of cubes. Students apply what they have discovered by manipulating the scale of one proposed design for a lunar habitat. Working as a team, students compare the size of the lunar habitat to the size of a one bedroom apartment. **Download the PDF** | |

** NASA Launchpad: Biomes** teaches students about the Earth's ecosystems or biomes. Students explore the six spheres within the Earth system and discuss how they are inter-related. Next they focus on the individual biomes within the biosphere. Finally, students examine coral reefs and investigate how they are affected by water temperature. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: Satellite Orbits** teaches students about the purpose, function, and orbits of satellites. Then, they plot positional data of several satellites to investigate different satellite orbits. Students use a globe and scaling to visualize the orbit and altitude of the International Space Station. Using real-time data, students record, plot, and analyze positional information of different satellites to categorize the satellites' orbits. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: Analyzing Spectra ** introduces students to the concept of line spectra and how they can be used as an analysis tool. Students are first introduced to the concept of visible light and the fact that white light is made up of different colors. Working in teams, students construct a spectroscope and observe and analyze different light sources. They are then challenged to apply their knowledge to identify the composition of an unknown. **Download the PDF** | |

**NASA Launchpad: The Great Boomerang Challenge** gets students to think and act like engineers and scientists as they follow the eight steps of the engineering design process to successfully complete a team challenge. Within this task, students design, build, test and re-design a boomerang. Once the boomerang is built, students explain and demonstrate how different forces affect its flight. Students research and explore basic aerodynamics forces and explain their applications to boomerang flight. Students compare what they observe with a Teaching From Space NASA eClips™ video segment to learn more about how boomerangs react in a near zero gravity environment. **Download the PDF** | |